Campbell J, Buchan J, Cometto G, David B, Dussault G, Fogstad H, Fronteira I, Lozano R, Nyonator F, Pablos-Méndez A. Human resources for health and universal health coverage: fostering equity and effective coverage. Bull World Health Organ. 2013;91(11):853–63.
International Labour Office. World Social Protection Report 2014–15: Building economic recovery, inclusive development and social justice. Geneva: Switzerland International Labour Office (ILO); 2014.
Santos LMP, Oliveira A, Trindade JS, Barreto IC, Palmeira PA, Comes Y, Santos FO, Santos W, Oliveira JPA, Pessoa VM. Implementation research: towards universal health coverage with more doctors in Brazil. Bull World Health Organ. 2017;95(2):103.
Nogueira PTA, Bezerra AFB, Leite AFB, IMdS C, Goncalves RF, KSd B-S. Characteristics of the distribution of doctors in the Mais Médicos (more doctors) program in the states of Brazil's northeast. Cien Saude Colet. 2016;21:2889–98.
Santos LMP, Millett C, Rasella D, Hone T. The end of Brazil’s more doctors programme? BMJ. 2018:363.
Oliveira JPA, Sanchez MN, Santos LMP. The Mais Médicos (more doctors) program: the placement of physicians in priority municipalities in Brazil from 2013 to 2014. Ciên Saúde Colet. 2016;21(9):2719–27.
Chen L, Evans T, Anand S, Boufford JI, Brown H, Chowdhury M, Cueto M, Dare L, Dussault G, Elzinga G. Human resources for health: overcoming the crisis. Lancet. 2004;364(9449):1984–90.
Osorio RG, Servo LMS, Piola SF. Necessidade de saúde insatisfeita no Brasil: uma investigação sobre a não procura de atendimento. Ciên Saúde Colet. 2011;16:3741–54.
Macinko J, Harris MJ. Brazil's family health strategy — delivering community-based primary care in a universal health system. N Engl J Med. 2015;372(23):2177–81.
Hone T, Rasella D, Barreto M, Atun R, Majeed A, Millett C. Large reductions in amenable mortality associated with Brazil’s primary care expansion and strong health governance. Health Aff. 2017;36(1):149–58.
Hone T, Rasella D, Barreto ML, Majeed A, Millett C. Association between expansion of primary healthcare and racial inequalities in mortality amenable to primary care in Brazil: a national longitudinal analysis. PLoS Med. 2017;14(5):e1002306.
Rasella D, Harhay MO, Pamponet ML, Aquino R, Barreto ML. Impact of primary health care on mortality from heart and cerebrovascular diseases in Brazil: a nationwide analysis of longitudinal data. BMJ. 2014;349:g4014.
Macinko J, Dourado I, Aquino R, Bonolo Pde F, Lima-Costa MF, Medina MG, Mota E, de Oliveira VB, Turci MA. Major expansion of primary care in Brazil linked to decline in unnecessary hospitalization. Health Aff (Millwood). 2010;29(12):2149–60.
Andrade MV, Coelho AQ, Xavier Neto M, LRd C, Atun R, Castro MC. Brazil’s family health strategy: factors associated with programme uptake and coverage expansion over 15 years (1998–2012). Health Policy Plan. 2018;33(3):368–80.
Pereira L, Santos L, Santos W, Oliveira A, Rattner D. Mais Médicos program: provision of medical doctors in rural, remote and socially vulnerable areas of Brazil, 2013-2014. Rural Remote Health. 2016;16(1):3616.
Girardi SN, ACdSv S, Cella JN, Wan Der Maas L, Carvalho CL, EdO F. Impacto do Programa Mais Médicos na redução da escassez de médicos em Atenção Primária à Saúde. Ciên Saúde Colet. 2016;21:2675–84.
Santos LMP, Costa AM, Girardi SN. Mais medicos program: an effective action to reduce health inequities in Brazil. Cien Saude Colet. 2015;20(11):3547–52.
Comes Y, JdS T, Pessoa VM, ICdHC B, Shimizu HE, Dewes D, CAM A, LMP S. The implementation of the Mais Médicos (more doctors) program and comprehensiveness of care in the family health strategy. Ciên Saúde Colet. 2016;21(9):2729–38.
Comes Y, JdS T, Shimizu HE, Hamann EM, Bargioni F, Ramirez L, Sanchez MN, LMP S. Evaluation of user satisfaction and service responsiveness in municipalities enrolled in the Mais Médicos (more doctors) program. Ciên Saúde Colet. 2016;21(9):2749–59.
Maffioli EM, Hernandes Rocha TA, Vivas G, Rosales C, Staton C, Nickenig Vissoci JR. Addressing inequalities in medical workforce distribution: evidence from a quasi-experimental study in Brazil. BMJ Glob Health. 2019;4(6):e001827.
Mattos E, Mazetto D. Assessing the impact of more doctors’ program on healthcare indicators in Brazil. World Dev. 2019;123:104617.
Diderichsen F: Resource allocation for health equity: issues and methods. 2004.
McPake B, Maeda A, Araújo EC, Lemiere C, El Maghraby A, Cometto G. Why do health labour market forces matter? Bull World Health Organ. 2013;91(11):841–6.
Harris M. Mais Médicos (more doctors) program a view from England. Ciên Saúde Colet. 2016;21(9):2919–23.
ENd S, Ramos MC, Santos W, Rasella D, Oliveira A, LMP S. Cost of providing doctors in remote and vulnerable areas: Programa Mais Médicos in Brazil. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e11.
Craig P, Cooper C, Gunnell D, Haw S, Lawson K, Macintyre S, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, Reeves B, Sutton M, et al. Using natural experiments to evaluate population health interventions: new Medical Research Council guidance. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012;66(12):1182–6.
Nolte E, McKee CM. Measuring the health of nations: updating an earlier analysis. Health Aff (Millwood). 2008;27(1):58–71.
Carrillo B, Feres J: More Doctors, Better Health? Evidence from a Physician Distribution Policy. In.: HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York; 2017.
Fontes LFC, Conceição OC, PdA J. Evaluating the impact of physicians’ provision on primary healthcare: evidence from Brazil's more doctors program. Health Econ. 2018;27(8):1284–99.
Guanais F, Macinko J. Primary care and avoidable hospitalizations: evidence from Brazil. J Ambul Care Manag. 2009;32(2):115–22.
Guanais FC. The combined effects of the expansion of primary health care and conditional cash transfers on infant mortality in Brazil, 1998-2010. Am J Public Health. 2013;103(11):2000–6.
da Silva EN, Powell-Jackson T. Does expanding primary healthcare improve hospital efficiency? Evidence from a panel analysis of avoidable hospitalisations in 5506 municipalities in Brazil, 2000-2014. BMJ Glob Health. 2017;2(2):e000242.
Bertrand M, Duflo E, Mullainathan S. How much should we trust differences-in-differences estimates? Q J Econ. 2004;119(1):249–75.
Pierantoni CR, CMdM V, França T, Magnago C, MPdS R. Rotatividade da força de trabalho médica no Brasil. Saúde Debate. 2015;39:637–47.
Macinko J, de Marinho Souza Mde F, Guanais FC, da Silva Simoes CC. Going to scale with community-based primary care: an analysis of the family health program and infant mortality in Brazil, 1999-2004. Soc Sci Med. 2007;65(10):2070–80.
Guanais FC, Macinko J. The health effects of decentralizing primary care in Brazil. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009;28(4):1127–35.
Kruk ME, Porignon D, Rockers PC, Van Lerberghe W. The contribution of primary care to health and health systems in low- and middle-income countries: a critical review of major primary care initiatives. Soc Sci Med. 2010;70(6):904–11.
Macinko J, Starfield B, Erinosho T. The impact of primary healthcare on population health in low-and middle-income countries. J Ambul Care Manag. 2009;32(2):150–71.
Anand S, Bärnighausen T. Human resources and health outcomes: cross-country econometric study. Lancet. 2004;364(9445):1603–9.
Hortensia R, Perez-Cuevas R, Salmeron J, Tome P, Guiscafre H, Gutierrez G. Infant mortality due to acute respiratory infections: the influence of primary care processes. Health Policy Plan. 1997;12(3):214–30.
Winchester CC, Macfarlane TV, Thomas M, Price D. Antibiotic prescribing and outcomes of lower respiratory tract infection in UK primary care. Chest. 2009;135(5):1163–72.
Arruda CAM, Pessoa VM, ICdHC B, Carneiro FF, Comes Y, JdS T, DDd S, LMP S. Perceptions of city health managers about the provision and activity of physicians from the more doctors program. Interface-Comun Saúde Educ. 2017;21:1269–80.
Hone T, Szklo AS, Filippidis FT, Laverty AA, Sattamini I, Been JV, Vianna C, Souza M, de Almeida LM, Millett C: Smoke-free legislation and neonatal and infant mortality in Brazil: longitudinal quasi-experimental study. Tobacco Control. 2020;29(3):312.
Barbosa ACQ, Amaral PV, Francesconi GV, Rosales C, Kemper ES, da Silva NC, Soares JGN, Molina J, Rocha TAH. More Doctors recruitment program: a new approach to overcome inequalities in human resources (Programa Más Médicos: cómo evaluar el impacto de un enfoque innovador para superar las inequidades en recursos humanos). Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e185.
Rasella D, Basu S, Hone T, Paes-Sousa R, Ocké-Reis CO, Millett C. Child morbidity and mortality associated with alternative policy responses to the economic crisis in Brazil: a nationwide microsimulation study. PLoS Med. 2018;15(5):e1002570.
Francesconi GV, Tasca R, Basu S, Rocha TAH, Rasella D. Mortality associated with alternative policy options for primary care and the Mais Médicos (more doctors) program in Brazil: forecasting future scenarios. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2020;44:e31.
Rasella D, Hone T, de Souza LE, Tasca R, Basu S, Millett C. Mortality associated with alternative primary healthcare policies: a nationwide microsimulation modelling study in Brazil. BMC Med. 2019;17(1):82.