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Table 1 Effect of PMM on primary care doctor density and mortality amenable to healthcare

From: Impact of the Programa Mais médicos (more doctors Programme) on primary care doctor supply and amenable mortality: quasi-experimental study of 5565 Brazilian municipalities

  Total primary care doctor density 95%CI PMM Doctor density 95%CI Non- PMM Doctor density 95%CI Amenable mortality rate 95%CI
PMM Introduction 5.74*** 5.11,6.37 15.14*** 14.80,15.48 −9.40*** −10.03,-8.77 −1.06** − 1.78,-0.33
Health expenditure (R$) per capita 13.17*** 10.20,16.14 4.87*** 3.68,6.06 8.30*** 5.66,10.94 2.95* 0.17,5.86
Private insurance plan coverage (%) 0.02 −0.06,0.11 0.02 − 0.00,0.05 0.00 − 0.08,0.08 0.34*** 0.26,0.41
Hospital beds per 1000 pop 0.00 −0.36,0.36 0.07 − 0.06,0.20 − 0.07 − 0.43,0.28 0.81*** 0.40,1.21
GDP per capita −17.90 −44.63,8.83 − 15.17* −27.39,-2.95 −2.73 −29.11,23.64 −7.81 −34.68,19.06
Bolsa Familia expenditure per poor person 0.01*** 0.01,0.02 0.02*** 0.01,0.02 −0.00 − 0.01,0.00 0.02*** 0.02,0.03
Illiteracy rate (15 + year) −0.17 −0.43,0.09 − 0.04 −0.19,0.11 − 0.13 −0.39,0.13 0.63*** 0.28,0.97
Households with inadequate sanitation (%) −0.11*** −0.18,-0.05 0.04 −0.00,0.08 − 0.15*** −0.22,-0.08 − 0.14* −0.25,-0.02
Urbanisation rate (%) 0.03 −0.05,0.10 0.09*** 0.06,0.13 −0.06 −0.14,0.01 0.10* 0.02,0.29
Income (R$) per capita −0.00 −0.01,0.01 − 0.00 −0.01,0.00 − 0.00 −0.01,0.01 − 0.02*** −0.03,-0.01
Households with no electricity (%) −0.29*** −0.38,-0.20 − 0.10*** −0.15,-0.05 − 0.19*** −0.29,-0.09 0.29*** 0.12,0.46
N (municipalities) 5565   5565   5565   5565  
N (observations) 222,600   222,600   222,600   222,600  
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001; Cluster robust standard errors employed; Doctor densities refer to full-time equivalents per 100,000 population; Amenable mortality rate is expressed per 100,000 population and reported as annual effect sizes; Amenable mortality regression results are weighted by municipal population