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Table 3 Subgroup effects of PMM implementation according to PMM doctor nationality

From: Impact of the Programa Mais médicos (more doctors Programme) on primary care doctor supply and amenable mortality: quasi-experimental study of 5565 Brazilian municipalities

Percentage of PMM doctors that are Brazilian in participating municipalities Primary care doctor density 95%CI PMM doctor density 95%CI Non-PMM doctor density 95%CI Amenable mortality 95%CI
< 20% 6.40*** 5.70,7.09 16.04*** 15.65,16.43 −9.64*** −10.34,-8.95 − 1.50*** −2.32,-0.69
20–80% 5.73*** 4.92,6.55 16.99*** 16.40,17.58 −11.26*** −12.12,-10.40 −0.92 − 1.84,0.01
> 80% 3.63*** 2.67,4.58 10.88*** 10.33,11.43 −7.25*** −8.24,-6.26 −0.35 −1.34,0.64
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001; Cluster robust standard errors employed; PMM implementation variable divided into three categories based on percentage of PMM doctors that were Brazilian; Dummies denoting categories interacted with dummy variable for PMM implementation to obtain effect sizes for each category in one regression model per each outcome; Adjusted for Health expenditure (R$) per capita, Private insurance plan coverage (%), Hospital beds per 1000 pop, GDP per capita, Bolsa Familia expenditure per poor person, Illiteracy rate (15 + year), Households with inadequate sanitation (%), Urbanisation rate (%), Income (R$) per capita, Households with no electricity (%), and state-year-quarter and municipal fixed effects; Doctor densities expressed per 100,000 population. Amenable mortality rate per 100,000 population aged under 75 years