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  1. There is a disparity in outcomes between rural and urban emergency medical services (EMS) around the world. However, there is a scarcity of research that directly asks EMS staff in both rural and urban areas h...

    Authors: Ahmed Ramdan M Alanazy, John Fraser and Stuart Wark

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:562

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To stimulate quality through choice of provider, patients need to seek and base their decisions on both relevant and reliable information describing providers’ clinical quality. The purpose of this study was f...

    Authors: Caroline Hoffstedt, Magnus Fredriksson and Ulrika Winblad

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:559

    Content type: Research article

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  3. There is general scarcity of research on key elements of implementation processes and the factors which impact implementation success. Implementation of healthcare interventions is a complex process. Tools to ...

    Authors: Gillian Parker, Monika Kastner, Karen Born and Whitney Berta

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:558

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Older persons with polypharmacy are at increased risk of harm from medications. Therefore, it is important that physicians and nurses, together with the persons, evaluate medications to avoid hazardous polypha...

    Authors: Malin Holmqvist, Johan Thor, Axel Ros and Linda Johansson

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:557

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The share of out-of-pocket payments in Iranian families has the greatest burden on the poor and lead to an impoverishment caused by catastrophic health expenditures. In order to improve access of the poor to p...

    Authors: Manal Etemadi, Patrick Kenis, Kioomars Ashtarian, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji and Hannaneh Mohammadi Kangarani

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:556

    Content type: Research

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  6. Healthcare costs are disproportionately incurred by a relatively small group of people often described as high-cost users. Understanding the factors associated with high-cost use of health services among peopl...

    Authors: Kathryn Wiens, Laura C. Rosella, Paul Kurdyak, Simon Chen, Tim Aubry, Vicky Stergiopoulos and Stephen W. Hwang

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:555

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In the case of ischemic stroke, access to a Computed Tomography (CT) scanner and the start of thrombolytic therapy immediately is imperative. Transport to the nearest hospital from the remote, rural area of Ha...

    Authors: Elin Kjelle and Aud Mette Myklebust

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:554

    Content type: Research

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  8. In health care, the work of keeping the patient safe and reducing the risk of harm is defined as safety work. In our digitised and technology-rich era, safety work usually involves a relationship between people a...

    Authors: Randi Stokke, Line Melby, Jørn Isaksen, Aud Obstfelder and Hege Andreassen

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:553

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Little is known about how continuity of care for hospitalized patients varies among hospitals. We describe the number of different general internal medicine physicians seeing hospitalized patients during a med...

    Authors: James S. Goodwin, Shuang Li, Jie Zhou, Yong-Fang Kuo and Ann Nattinger

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:552

    Content type: Research

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  10. MedicineInsight is a database containing de-identified electronic health records (EHRs) from over 700 Australian general practices. It is one of the largest and most widely used primary health care EHR databas...

    Authors: Alys Havard, Jo-Anne Manski-Nankervis, Jill Thistlethwaite, Benjamin Daniels, Rimma Myton, Karen Tu and Kendal Chidwick

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:551

    Content type: Research

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  11. Bleeding during cardiac surgery is a common complication that often requires the transfusion of blood products. The combination of bleeding and blood product transfusion incrementally increases adverse outcome...

    Authors: Bronwyn L. Pearse, Samantha Keogh, Claire M. Rickard and Yoke L. Fung

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:550

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Authors: Lingrui Liu, Sarah Christie, Maggie Munsamy, Phil Roberts, Merlin Pillay, Sheela V. Shenoi, Mayur M. Desai and Erika L. Linnander

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:549

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:463

  13. Globally, interpreters are underused by health providers in hospitals, despite 40 years of evidence documenting benefits to both patients and providers. At Royal Darwin Hospital, in Australia’s Northern Territ...

    Authors: Vicki Kerrigan, Stuart Yiwarr McGrath, Sandawana William Majoni, Michelle Walker, Mandy Ahmat, Bilawara Lee, Alan Cass, Marita Hefler and Anna P. Ralph

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:548

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. This study tried to improve the operational efficiency and service quality of the community case management model for the High-Care Elderly in Communities in Taiwan. This study tried to assistant social worker...

    Authors: Yu-Ming Chen, Kuei-Min Chen, Chiang-Ching Chang, Meng-Chin Chen and Li-Yen Yang

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:546

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Bypassing primary health care (PHC) facilities for maternal health care is an increasing phenomenon. In Ghana, however, there is a dearth of systematic evidence on bypassing PHC facilities for maternal healthc...

    Authors: Valeria Avoayea Amoro, Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro and Kennedy A. Alatinga

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:545

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Sepsis survivors experience high morbidity and mortality, and healthcare systems lack effective strategies to address patient needs after hospital discharge. The Sepsis Transition and Recovery (STAR) program i...

    Authors: Marc Kowalkowski, Tara Eaton, Andrew McWilliams, Hazel Tapp, Aleta Rios, Stephanie Murphy, Ryan Burns, Bella Gutnik, Katherine O’Hare, Lewis McCurdy, Michael Dulin, Christopher Blanchette, Shih-Hsiung Chou, Scott Halpern, Derek C. Angus and Stephanie P. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:544

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Healthcare organisations are in constant need of improvement and change. Nudging has been proposed as a strategy to affect people’s choices and has been used to affect patients’ behaviour in healthcare setting...

    Authors: Anita Sant’Anna, Andreas Vilhelmsson and Axel Wolf

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:543

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Advances in genetics and sequencing technologies are enabling the identification of more individuals with inherited cancer susceptibility who could benefit from tailored screening and prevention recommendation...

    Authors: Kimberly A. Kaphingst, Wendy Kohlmann, Rachelle Lorenz Chambers, Melody S. Goodman, Richard Bradshaw, Priscilla A. Chan, Daniel Chavez-Yenter, Sarah V. Colonna, Whitney F. Espinel, Jessica N. Everett, Amanda Gammon, Eric R. Goldberg, Javier Gonzalez, Kelsi J. Hagerty, Rachel Hess, Kelsey Kehoe…

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:542

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  19. Shared decision-making (SDM) between patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) is a key component of patient-centred care. To implement SDM in clinical practice and to evaluate its effects, it is helpful to...

    Authors: Anja Lindig, Pola Hahlweg, Eva Christalle, Anik Giguere, Martin Härter, Olaf von dem Knesebeck and Isabelle Scholl

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:541

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Predischarge home assessments (PDHA) aim to support safe discharge from hospital or rehabilitation. There is insufficient evidence on the effectiveness of PDHA. For adults with any diagnosis, we aimed to deter...

    Authors: Uta Kirchner-Heklau, Kai Krause and Susanne Saal

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:540

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The goal of regionalized perinatal care, specifically levels of maternal care, is to improve maternal outcomes through risk-appropriate obstetric care. Studies of levels of maternal care are limited by current...

    Authors: Sara C. Handley, Molly Passarella, Sindhu K. Srinivas and Scott A. Lorch

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:538

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Telemedicine is increasingly utilized as an alternative to in person consultation. Current pandemic conditions are providing additional impetus to virtual care delivery. We compared both adolescent and caregiv...

    Authors: Yi Qiu, Sherry Coulson, Christopher William McIntyre, Brooke Wile and Guido Filler

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:537

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Data about the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on health care costs in Spain are scarce This study was aimed to evaluate cumulative costs and healthcare utilisation in CKD in Spain.

    Authors: Carlos Escobar, Beatriz Palacios, Unai Aranda, Margarita Capel, Antoni Sicras, Aram Sicras, Antonio Hormigo, Roberto Alcázar, Nicolás Manito and Manuel Botana

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:536

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Women with previous gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Recommendations therefore urge these women to participate in follow-up screening, 4–12 weeks postpar...

    Authors: Jane Hyldgaard Nielsen, G. J. Melendez-Torres, Torill Alise Rotevatn, Kimberly Peven, Kirsten Fonager and Charlotte Overgaard

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:535

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The role of healthcare workers (HCWs) during the COVID-19 pandemic may make them more susceptible to anxiety than the general population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of anxiety and evaluate th...

    Authors: Anthony A. Olashore, Oluyemi O. Akanni and Kehinde O. Oderinde

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:398

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Decision-makers increasingly consider patient-reported outcomes as important measures of care quality. Studies on the importance of work-place social capital–a collective work-place resource–for the experience...

    Authors: Alice Clark, Thim Prætorius, Eszter Török, Ulla Arthur Hvidtfeldt, Peter Hasle and Naja Hulvej Rod

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:534

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The NHS pledges to give all patients access to clinical research. In England, 32% of General Practices are research active and only 14% of patients engage in research. This project aimed to evaluate consent-fo...

    Authors: Dorothy Coe, Angela Birt, Gareth Forbes, Jonathan Ling, Michael Foster, Stephen Robson, Joe McDonald and Yan Yiannakou

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:533

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The second wave of the coronavirus pandemic is now established, occurring at a time of winter pressure on acute care in the NHS. This is likely to be more challenging then the first wave for the diagnosis of C...

    Authors: Timothy Hicks, Amanda Winter, Kile Green, Patrick Kierkegaard, D. Ashley Price, Richard Body, A. Joy Allen and Sara Graziadio

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:532

    Content type: Research article

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  29. To evaluate the effects of prevention services provided by long-term care insurance (LTCI) for older adults who require support from LTCI in Kashiwa City, Japan.

    Authors: Tomoko Ito, Takahiro Mori, Hideto Takahashi, Natsumi Shimafuji, Katsuya Iijima, Satoru Yoshie and Nanako Tamiya

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:531

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Meaningful performance measurement requires indicators to be scientifically robust and strategically focused. For many circumpolar states, indicators aligned with national strategies may ignore the priorities ...

    Authors: Rebecca Rich, Thomsen D’Hont, Kellie E. Murphy, Jeremy Veillard and Susan Chatwood

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:530

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The World Health Organization (WHO) calls for schistosomiasis endemic countries to integrate schistosomiasis control measures into the primary health care (PHC) services; however, in Tanzania, little is known ...

    Authors: Humphrey Deogratias Mazigo, Cecilia Uisso, Paul Kazyoba and Upendo J. Mwingira

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:529

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Several studies have found a so-called weekend effect that patients admitted at the weekends had worse clinical outcomes than patients admitted at the weekdays. We performed this retrospective cohort study to ...

    Authors: Chao-Lun Lai, Raymond Nien-Chen Kuo, Ting-Chuan Wang and K. Arnold Chan

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:528

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Medical Assessment Units (MAUs) have become a popular model of acute medical care to improve patient flow through timely clinical assessment and patient management. The purpose of this study was to determine t...

    Authors: Sonya Osborne, Helen Cleak, Nicole White, Xing Lee, Anthony Deacon and Julian W M de Looze

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:527

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Catastrophic health expenditures (CHE) are out-of-pocket payments (OOP) that exceed a predefined percentage or threshold of a household’s resources, usually 40 %, that can push households into poverty in China...

    Authors: Cai Liu, Zhao-min Liu, Stephen Nicholas and Jian Wang

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:526

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has been associated with stress and challenges for healthcare professionals, especially for those working in the front-line of treating COVID-19 patients. This ...

    Authors: Gijs Hesselink, Lise Straten, Lars Gallée, Anne Brants, Joris Holkenborg, Dennis G. Barten and Yvonne Schoon

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:525

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The ongoing Appalachian opioid epidemic has led to increasing hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among people who inject drugs (PWID), and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) outbreaks have been observed. The p...

    Authors: Carmen N. Burrell, Melinda J. Sharon, Stephen Davis, Judith Feinberg, Elena M. Wojcik, Julia Nist, Owen Lander, Valerie Boley, Justin Burns and Ian B. K. Martin

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:524

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Many inpatient facilities in Scotland have opened short stay paediatric assessment units (SSPAU) which are clinical areas separate from the usual inpatient ward area and these are where most short stay (also c...

    Authors: Steve Turner and Edwin-Amalraj Raja

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:523

    Content type: Research article

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  38. A hospitalization phase represents a challenge to medication safety especially for multimorbid patients as acute medical needs might interact with pre-existing medications or evoke adverse drug effects. This p...

    Authors: Kevin Migliazza, Caroline Bähler, Daniel Liedtke, Andri Signorell, Stefan Boes and Eva Blozik

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:522

    Content type: Research article

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  39. There is scarcity of data on experiences of patients who access laboratory services during hospital visits in sub-Saharan Africa. This study sought to evaluate the depth of laboratory professionals-patient int...

    Authors: Patrick Adu

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:520

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In China, post-abortion care (PAC) services mainly focus on married couples, such that adolescents and unmarried young women have limited access to those services for contraception counseling. The provision of...

    Authors: Yiding Wang, Jinzhi Liu, Ribo Xiong and Yan Liu

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:519

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Malnutrition, sarcopenia and cachexia are clinical wasting syndromes characterised by muscle loss. Systematic monitoring by body composition assessment (BCA) is recommended for the diagnosis, treatment and mon...

    Authors: Chloe J. D. Jobber, Shelley A. Wilkinson, Elyssa K. Hughes, Fiona Nave and Barbara S. van der Meij

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:518

    Content type: Research article

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  42. A guiding principle of a successful integrated health and social care delivery network is to establish a governance approach based on learning, grounded in a data and knowledge infrastructure. The ‘Krijtmolen ...

    Authors: Véronique L. L. C. Bos, Niek S. Klazinga and Dionne S. Kringos

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:517

    Content type: Research article

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  43. How much does the medical malpractice system affect treatment decisions in orthopaedics? To further this inquiry, we sought to assess whether malpractice liability is associated with differences in surgery rat...

    Authors: Brian Chen, Cole Chapman, Sarah Bauer Floyd, John Mobley and John Brooks

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:516

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Patient engagement is effective in promoting adherence to HIV care. In an effort to promote patient-centered care, we implemented an enhanced patient care (EPC) intervention that addresses a combination of sys...

    Authors: Juddy Wachira, Becky Genberg, Diana Chemutai, Ann Mwangi, Omar Galarraga, Siika Abraham and Ira Wilson

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:515

    Content type: Research article

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  45. A large evidence-practice gap exists regarding provision of nutrition to patients following surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the processes supporting the implementation of an intervention designe...

    Authors: Megan Rattray, Andrea P. Marshall, Ben Desbrow, Michael von Papen and Shelley Roberts

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:514

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Current international consensus is that ‘early’ referral to palliative care services improves cancer patient and family carer outcomes. In practice, however, these referrals are not routine. An approach which ...

    Authors: Jennifer Philip, Roslyn Le Gautier, Anna Collins, Anna K. Nowak, Brian Le, Gregory B. Crawford, Nicole Rankin, Meinir Krishnasamy, Geoff Mitchell, Sue-Anne McLachlan, Maarten IJzerman, Robyn Hudson, Danny Rischin, Tanara Vieira Sousa and Vijaya Sundararajan

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:513

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. Health care workers (HCWs) are at high risk of occupational injuries and approximately 10–15% of patients are affected by an adverse event during their hospital stay. There is scarce scientific literature abou...

    Authors: Emma Nilsing Strid, Charlotte Wåhlin, Axel Ros and Susanne Kvarnström

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:511

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Stakeholders in the German state of Baden-Wuerttemberg agreed upon the central aims for healthcare planning. These include a focus on geographical districts; a comprehensive, cross-sectoral perspective on heal...

    Authors: Pamela Wronski, Jan Koetsenruijter, Dominik Ose, Jan Paulus, Joachim Szecsenyi and Michel Wensing

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:510

    Content type: Research article

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