Prochaska JJ, Spring B, Nigg CR: Multiple health behavior change research: an introduction and overview. Prev Med. 2008, 46: 181-188. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.02.001.
World Health Organisation (WHO): The World Health Report: Reducing risks, promoting healthy lifestyle. 2002, Geneva: WHO
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW): Australia’s Health 2010. 2010, Canberra: AIHW
Rehm J, Mathers C, Popova S, Thavorncharoensap M, Teerawattananon Y, Patra J: Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders. Lancet. 2009, 373: 2223-2233. 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60746-7.
Rehm J, Taylor B, Room R: Global burden of disease from alcohol, illicit drugs and tobacco. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2006, 25: 503-513. 10.1080/09595230600944453.
Lock K, Pomerleau J, Causer L, Altmann DR, McKee M: The global burden of disease attributable to low consumption of fruit and vegetables: implications for the global strategy on diet. Bull World Health Organ. 2005, 83: 100-108.
Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers A, Murray CJL: Comparative quantification of health risks. Global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors. 2004, Geneva: World Health Organisation
Fine LJ, Philogene GS, Gramling R, Coups EJ, Sinha S: Prevalence of multiple chronic disease risk factors: 2001 National Health Interview Survey. Am J Prev Med. 2004, 27: 18-24. 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.04.017.
Coups EJ, Gaba A, Orleans CT: Physician screening for multiple behavioral health risk factors. Am J Prev Med. 2004, 27: 34-41. 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.04.021.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) and O’Brien, K: Living dangerously: Australians with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease. 2009, Canberra: AIHW
Hausdorf K, Eakin E, Whiteman D, Rogers C, Aitken J, Newman B: Prevalence and correlates of multiple cancer risk behaviors in an Australian population-based survey: results from the Queensland Cancer Risk Study. Cancer Cause Control. 2008, 19: 1339-1347. 10.1007/s10552-008-9205-y.
The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners: Guidelines for Preventive Activties in General Practice (The Red Book) 7th Edition. 2009, Melbourne: The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
US Department of Health and Human Services: The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services 2010–2011. 2010, Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Glasgow RE, Goldstein MG, Ockene JK, Pronk NP: Translating what we have learned into practice. Principles and hypotheses for interventions addressing multiple behaviors in primary care. Am J Prev Med. 2004, 27: 88-101. 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.04.019.
Ministry of Health: New Zealand Smoking Cessation Guidelines. 2007, Wellington: Ministry of Health
West R, McNeill A, Raw M: Smoking cessation guidelines for health professionals: an update. Thorax. 2000, 55: 987-999. 10.1136/thorax.55.12.987.
New South Wales (NSW) Department of Health: Guide for the management of nicotine dependant inpatients. 2002, Gladesville, NSW: Better Health Centre
Fiore MC, Jaen CR, Baker TB: Treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 update. Clinical practice guideline. 2008, Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service
Laws RA, Kemp LA, Harris MF, Davies GP, Williams AM, Eames-Brown R: An exploration of how clinician attitudes and beliefs influence the implementation of lifestyle risk factor management in primary healthcare: a grounded theory study. Implement Sci. 2009, 4: 10.1186/1748-5908-4-66.
National Preventative Health Taskforce: Australia: the healthiest country by 2020. 2010, Canberra: National Preventative Health Strategy- The roadmap for action
Brunner E, Rees R, Ward K, Burke M, Thorogood M: Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007, CD002128-10.1002/14651858.CD002128. 4
Kaner EF, Beyer F, Dickinson HO, Pienaar E, Campbell F, Schlesinger C: Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007, CD004148-10.1002/14651858.CD004148. 2
Foster C, Melvyn H, Thorogood M: Interventions for improving physical activity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005, CD003180-10.1002/14651858.CD003180. 1
Rice VH, Stead LF: Nursing interventions for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008, CD001188-10.1002/14651858.CD001188. 1
Rigotti NA, Munafo MR, Stead LF: Interventions for smoking cessation in hospitalised patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007, CD001837-10.1002/14651858.CD001837. 3
Laws RA, Davies GP, Williams A, Eames-Brown R, Amoroso C, Harris M: Community Health Risk Factor Management Research Project. Final Report Februrary 2008. A feasibility study. 2008, Sydney: University of NSW
New South Wales (NSW) Department of Health: A new direction for NSW. State Health Plan. Towards 2010. 2007, Sydney: NSW Department of Health
Australian Government: A healthier future for all Australians. Final report. 2009, Canberra: Australian Government
New South Wales (NSW) Health: Integrated primary and community health policy 2007–2012. 2006, North Sydney, NSW, Australia: NSW Health
Eagar K, Owen A, Cranny C, Samsa P, Thompson C: Community Health: The state of play in New South Wales. A report for the NSW Community Health Review. 2008, University of Wollongong: Centre for Health Service Development
Owen A: Community Health: The evidence base. A report for the NSW Community Health Review. 2010, University of Wollongong: Centre for Health Service Development
Goldstein MG, Whitlock EP, DePue J: Multiple behavioral risk factor interventions in primary care. Summary of research evidence. Am J Prev Med. 2004, 27: 61-79. 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.04.023.
Truman BI, Smith-Akin CK, Hinman AR, Gebbie KM, Brownson R, Novick LF: Developing the Guide to Community Preventive Services-overview and rationale. The Task Force on Community Preventive Services. Am J Prev Med. 2000, 18: 18-26.
Laws RA, Jayasinghe UW, Harris MF, Williams AM, Powell DG, Kemp LA: Explaining the variation in the management of lifestyle risk factors in primary health care: A multilevel cross sectional study. BMC Publ Health. 2009, 9: 165-10.1186/1471-2458-9-165.
Bakker MJ, Mullen PD, de Vries H, van Breukelen G: Feasibility of implementation of a Dutch smoking cessation and relapse prevention protocol for pregnant women. Patient Educ Couns. 2003, 49: 35-43. 10.1016/S0738-3991(02)00038-1.
DePue JD, Goldstein MG, Schilling A, Reiss P, Papandonatos G, Sciamanna C: Dissemination of the AHCPR clinical practice guideline in community health centres. Tob Control. 2002, 11: 329-335. 10.1136/tc.11.4.329.
Klink K, Lin S, Elkin Z, Strigenz D, Liu S: Smoking cessation knowledge, attitudes, and practice among community health providers in China. Fam Med. 2011, 43: 198-200.
Maizlish NA, Ruland J, Rosinski ME, Hendry K: A systems-based intervention to promote smoking as a vital sign in patients served by community health centers. Am J Med Qual. 2006, 21: 169-177. 10.1177/1062860606287190.
Pollak KI, Yarnall KS, Rimer BK, Lipkus I, Lyna PR: Factors associated with patient-recalled smoking cessation advice in a low-income clinic. J Natl Med Assoc. 2002, 94: 354-363.
Borrelli B, Lee C, Novak S: Is provider training effective? Changes in attitudes towards smoking cessation counseling and counseling behaviors of home health care nurses. Prev Med. 2008, 46: 358-363. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.09.001.
Johnson JL, Malchy LA, Ratner PA, Hossain S, Procyshyn RM, Bottorff JL: Community mental healthcare providers’ attitudes and practices related to smoking cessation interventions for people living with severe mental illness. Patient Educ Couns. 2009, 77: 289-295. 10.1016/j.pec.2009.02.013.
Bailie RS, Togni SJ, Si D, Robinson G, d’Abbs PH: Preventive medical care in remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory: A follow-up study of the impact of clinical guidelines, computerised recall and reminder systems, and audit and feedback. BMC Health Serv Res. 2003, 3: 15-10.1186/1472-6963-3-15.
Si D, Bailie RS, Dowden M, O’Donoghue L, Connors C, Robinson GW: Delivery of preventive health services to Indigenous adults: Response to a systems-oriented primary care quality improvement intervention. Med J Australia. 2007, 187: 453-457.
Adams AS, Soumerai SB, Lomas J, Ross-Degnan D: Evidence of self-report bias in assessing adherence to guidelines. Int J Qual Health Care. 1999, 11: 187-192. 10.1093/intqhc/11.3.187.
Laws RA, Kirby SE, Davies GPP, Williams AM, Jayasinghe UW, Amoroso CL: “Should I and Can I?”: A mixed methods study of clinician beliefs and attitudes in the management of lifestyle risk factors in primary health care. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008, 8: 10.1186/1472-6963-8-44.
Bonollo DP, Zapka JG, Stoddard AM, Ma Y, Pbert L, Ockene JK: Treating nicotine dependence during pregnancy and postpartum: Understanding clinician knowledge and performance. Patient Educ Couns. 2002, 48: 265-274. 10.1016/S0738-3991(02)00023-X.
Zapka JG, Pbert L, Stoddard AM, Ockene JK, Goins KV, Bonollo D: Smoking cessation counseling with pregnant and postpartum women: A survey of community health center providers. Am J Public Health. 2000, 90: 78-84.
McElwaine KM, Freund M, Campbell EM, Knight J, Slattery C, Doherty EL: The effectiveness of an intervention in increasing community health clinican provision of preventive care: A study protocol of a non-randomised, multiple-baseline trial. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011, 11: 1-9. 10.1186/1472-6963-11-1.
Heatherton T, Kozlowski L, Frecker R, Faberstrom K: The Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence: A revison of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire. Br J Addict. 1991, 86: 1119-1127. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1991.tb01879.x.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS): National Nutrition Survey selected highlights Australia 1995. 1997, Canberra: ABS
Babor, T F Higgins-Biddle, J C, Saunders, J B, and Monteiro, Maristela G: AUDIT. The alcohol use disorders identification test: Guidelines for use in primary care. 2001, Geneva: World Health Organisation
Marshall A, Hunt J, Jenkins D: Knowledge of and preferred sources of assistance for physical activity in a sample of urban Indigenous Australians. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2008, 5: 10.1186/1479-5868-5-22.
Ministerial Council on Drug Strategy: National Tobacco Strategy, 2004–2009: The Strategy. 2004, Canberra: Australian Government
Department of Health and Aged Care: An active way to better health. National physical activity guidelines for adults. 1999, Canberra: Australian Government
National Health and Medical research Council (NHMRC): Dietary guidelines for Australian adults. 2003, Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing
National Health and Medical research Council (NHMRC): Australian guidelines to reduce health risk from drinking alcohol. 2009, Canberra: Australian Government
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS): SEIFA: Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas. 2008, Canberra: ABS
Department of Health and Aged Care: Measuring remoteness: Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA). 2001, Canberra: Australian Government
Hosmer D, Lemeshow S: Applied logistic regression. 2000, Canada: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Fiore MC, Bailey W, Cohen S: Smoking cessation: clinical practice guideline no. 18. 1996, Rockville, US, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research: US Department of Health and Human Services
Glasgow RE, Eakin EG, Fisher EB, Bacak SJ, Brownson RC: Physician advice and support for physical activity: Results from a national survey. Am J Prev Med. 2001, 21: 189-196. 10.1016/S0749-3797(01)00350-6.
Christl B, Chan B, Laws RA, Williams A, Davies GP, Harris Mark F: Clients’ experience of brief lifestyle interventions by community nurses. 2011, Aust J Prim: Health
Heard T, Daly J, Bowman J, Freund M, Wiggers J: A cross-sectional survey of the prevalence of environmental tobacco smoke preventive care provision by child health services in Australia. BMC Publ Health. 2011, 11: 324-10.1186/1471-2458-11-324.
Freund M, Campbell E, Paul C, Sakrouge R, Lecathelinais C, Knight J: Increasing hospital-wide delivery of smoking cessation care for nicotine-dependent in-patients: A multi-stategic intervention trial. Addiction. 2009, 104: 839-849. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02520.x.
Wye PM, Bowman JA, Wiggers JH, Baker A, Knight J, Carr VJ: Smoking restrictions and treatment for smoking: Policies and procedures in psychiatric inpatient units in Australia. Psychiatr Serv. 2009, 60: 100-107. 10.1176/appi.ps.60.1.100.
Freund M, Campbell E, Paul C, Sakrouge R, Wiggers J: Smoking care provision in smoke-free hospitals in Australia. Prev Med. 2005, 41: 151-158. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.09.044.
Freund M, Campbell E, Paul C, McElduff P, Walsh RA, Sakrouge R: Smoking care provision in hospitals: A review of prevalence. Nic Tob Res. 2008, 10: 757-774. 10.1080/14622200802027131.
Wolfenden L, Wiggers J, Knight J, Campbell E, Spigelman A, Kerridge R: Increasing smoking cessation care in a preoperative clinic: A randomized controlled trial. Prev Med. 2005, 41: 284-290. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.11.011.
Conroy MB, Majchrzak NE, Silverman CB, Chang Y, Regan S, Schneider LI: Measuring provider adherence to tobacco treatment guidelines: A comparison of electronic medical record review, patient survey, and provider survey. Nic Tob Res. 2005, 7: 35-43. 10.1080/14622200500078089.
Hensrud DD: Clinical preventive medicine in primary care: Background and practice: 1. Rationale and current preventive practices. Mayo Clin Proc. 2000, 75: 165-172.
Pham HH, Schrag D, Hargraves JL, Bach PB: Delivery of preventive services to older adults by primary care physicians. JAMA. 2005, 294: 473-481. 10.1001/jama.294.4.473.
Flocke SA, Clark A, Schlessman K, Pomiecko G: Exercise, diet, and weight loss advice in the family medicine outpatient setting. Fam Med. 2005, 37: 415-421.
Schnoll RA, Rukstalis M, Wileyto EP, Shields AE: Smoking cessation treatment by primary care physicians: An update and call for training. Am J Prev Med. 2006, 31: 233-239. 10.1016/j.amepre.2006.05.001.
Norman GR, Schmidt HG: The psychological basis of problem-based learning: A review of the evidence. Acad Med. 1992, 67: 557-565. 10.1097/00001888-199209000-00002.
Azjen I: The theory of planned behaviour. Organ Behav Hum Dec. 1991, 50: 179-211. 10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T.
Bandura A: Social foundation of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. 1986, New York: Prentice-Hall
Rogers EM: Diffusion of Innovations. 1995, New York: The Free Press, 4
Curry SJ, Keller PA, Orleans CT, Fiore MC: The role of health care systems in increased tobacco cessation. Annu Rev Public Health. 2008, 29: 411-428. 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090934.
Dijkstra R, Wensing M, Thomas R, Akkermans R, Braspenning J, Grimshaw J: The relationship between organisational characteristics and the effects of clinical guidelines on medical performance in hospitals, a meta-analysis. BMC Health Serv Res. 2006, 6: 10.1186/1472-6963-6-53.
Grimshaw J, Eccles M, Thomas R, MacLennan G, Ramsay C, Fraser C: Toward evidence-based quality improvement. Evidence (and its limitations) of the effectiveness of guideline dissemination and implementation strategies 1966–1998. J Gen Intern Med. 2006, 21: 14-20.
Freund M, Campbell E, Paul C, Sakrouge R, McElduff P, Walsh R: Increasing smoking cessation care provision in hospitals: A meta-analysis of intervention effect. Nic Tob Res. 2009, 11: 650-662. 10.1093/ntr/ntp056.
Jamtvedt G, Young JM, Kristoffersen DT, Thomson O’Brien MA, Oxman AD: Audit and feedback: Effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006, CD000259-10.1002/14651858.CD000259. 2
Grol R, Wensing M, Hulscher M, Eccles M: Theories on implementation of change in healthcare. Improving patient care: The implementation of change in clinical practice. Edited by: Grol R, Wensing M, Eccles M. 2004, London: Elsevier
Hrisos S, Eccles MP, Francis JJ, Dickinson HO, Kaner EFS, Beyer F: Are there valid proxy measures of clinical behaviour? A systematic review. Implement Sci. 2009, 4: 37-10.1186/1748-5908-4-37.
Nicholson JM, Hennrikus DJ, Lando HA, McCarty MC, Vessey J: Patient recall versus physician documentation in report of smoking cessation counselling performed in the inpatient setting. Tob Control. 2000, 9: 382-388. 10.1136/tc.9.4.382.
Ward JE, Sanson-Fisher RW: Accuracy of patient recall of opportunistic smoking cessation advice in general practice. Tob Control. 1996, 5: 110-113. 10.1136/tc.5.2.110.
Duaso MJ, Cheung P: Health promotion and lifestyle advice in a general practice: What do patients think?. J Adv Nurs. 2002, 39: 472-479. 10.1046/j.1365-2648.2002.02312.x.