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Table 3 Multi-variate analysis a regarding characteristics associated with assessment, and brief advice for individual risks, 2009–10, NSW, Australia

From: The delivery of preventive care to clients of community health services

Variables included in the final regression modelsb Assessment (N = 1284)c Brief advice  
  OR (95% CI) p n (%) OR (95% CI) p
Smoking      
Service type   <.001 N = 175   <.001
  Aged care 1.8 (1.0 – 3.2)*   2 (1.1) 1.8 (0.1 – 32.7)  
  Community child and family healthd 4.4 (2.8 - 6.9)*   31 (17.7) 7.7 (2.5 - 23.9)*  
  Community nurses and other nursing services 1.5 (1.1 – 2.1)*   55 (31.4) 3.2 (1.2 – 8.5)*  
  Diabetes 14.5 (6.5 – 32.6)*   13 (7.4) 68.6 (7.4- 636.2)*  
  Othere 4.3 (2.6 - 7.0)*   20 (11.4) 14.0 (1.9 – 100.8)*  
  Allied health 1.0   54 (30.9) 1.0  
Gender   .002    -
  Male 1.6 (1.2 - 2.1)*   - -  
  Female 1.0   - -  
Fruit or vegetables      
Service type   <.001 N = 1037   <.001
  Aged care 2.2 (1.1 – 4.2)*   55 (5.3) 1.2 (0.4 – 2.9)  
  Community child and family healthd 1.1 (0.6 – 1.9)   169 (16.3) 0.9 (0.5 – 1.8)  
  Community nurses and other nursing services 2.1 (1.4 – 3.2)*   348 (33.6) 1.5 (0.9 – 2.5)  
  Diabetes 20.6 (10.9 – 39.1)*   81 (7.8) 13.7 (6.8- 27.3)*  
  Othere 3.4 (2.1 – 5.6)*   144 (13.9) 3.8 (2.1 – 6.9)*  
  Allied health 1.0   240 (23.1) 1.0  
Aboriginality   - N = 1035   0.006
  Yes, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander -   39 (3.8) 3.1 (1.4 – 7.2)*  
  No -   996 (96.2) 1.0  
Alcohol      
Service type   <.001 N = 289   <.001
  Aged care 1.6 (0.9 – 2.8)   14 (4.8) 0.4 (0.1 – 2.3)  
  Community child and family healthd 2.4 (1.4 - 4.0)*   25 (8.7) 0.6 (0.2 – 2.0)  
  Community nurses and other nursing services 1.0 (0.7 – 1.4)   81 (28.0) 0.6 (0.2 – 1.3)  
  Diabetes 11.6 (5.6 –24.4)*   26 (9.0) 10.6 (3.1- 36.3)*  
  Othere 3.8 (2.4 – 6.0)*   58 (20.1) 1.1 (0.5 – 2.7)  
  Allied health 1.0   85 (29.4) 1.0  
Times client seen in last 12 months   <.001    -
  12+ 0.7 (0.5 – 1.1)   - -  
  5-11 0.5 (0.3 - 0.7)*   - -  
  2-4 0.9 (0.6 – 1.3)   - -  
  1 1.0   -   
SEIFA Index of Disadvantage f   .010 -   
  Higher NSW half [≤991] 1.6 (1.1 – 2.2)*   - -  
  Lower NSW half [>991] 1.0   - -  
Employment   0.005 -   
  Employed 0.9 (0.6 – 1.4)   - -  
  Unemployed (or unable to work due to health) 2.2 (1.4 – 3.4)*   - -  
  Other (e.g. Student, Home Duties) 0.8 (0.5 – 1.4)   - -  
  Retired 1.0   - -  
Physical activity      
Service type   <.001 N = 361   <.001
  Aged care 0.9 (0.5 – 1.7)   16 (4.4) 0.4 (0.1 – 1.7)  
  Community child and family healthd 0.4 (0.3- 0.7)*   82 (22.7) 0.5 (0.3 – 1.1)  
  Community nurses and other nursing services 0.4 (0.2 – 0.5)*   92 (25.5) 0.6 (0.3 – 1.3)  
  Diabetes 8.1 (4.0 –16.4)*   41 (11.4) 6.8 (2.4- 19.3)*  
  Othere 2.1 (1.3 – 3.3)*   52 (14.4) 2.5 (1.1 – 5.7)*  
  Allied health 1.0   78 (21.6) 1.0  
Gender   .002    -
  Male 1.6 (1.2 - 2.2)*   - -  
  Female 1.0   - -  
Times client seen in last 12 months   <.01    -
  12+ 2.0 (1.3 – 3.1)*   - -  
  5-11 1.2 (0.8 - 1.8)   - -  
  2-4 1.5 (1.0 – 2.2)   - -  
  1 1.0   -   
  1. aLogistic regression analyses weighted and adjusted by facility groupings from the intervention trial [48].
  2. bFinal regression models which show only variables with significant independent associations with outcome after the modeling process.
  3. cFor N (%) for each variable included in the model refer to Table 1.
  4. dClients over 18 years of age (e.g. the parent of the child seeing the service).
  5. eOther service types include: rehabilitation , chronic and complex care, women's services, migrant services, renal/dialysis, and regional health service programs.
  6. f2006 index of relative socio-economic advantage/disadvantage calculated using client postcodes, based on a continuum of advantage (high values, referring to the higher NSW half [>991]) and disadvantage (low values, referring to the lower NSW half [<=991]) [57].
  7. *Significant.