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  1. There is a significant gap in the knowledge translation literature related to how research evidence actually contributes to health care decision-making. Decisions around what care to provide at the population (ra...

    Authors: Nancy Edwards, Sonia Semenic, Shahirose Premji, Phyllis Montgomery, Beverly Williams, Joanne Olson and Omaima Mansi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:266
  2. Little is known about the relationship between types of healthcare providers and outcomes in patients with epilepsy. This study compares the relative effects of provider type (epileptologist vs. other neurolog...

    Authors: Jerzy P Szaflarski, Angela Y Rackley, Christopher J Lindsell, Magdalena Szaflarski and Stephen L Yates
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:264
  3. Foundations and public agencies commonly fund focused initiatives for individual grantees. These discrete, stand-alone initiatives can risk failure by being carried out in isolation. Fostering synergy among gr...

    Authors: Donald E Pathman, Emmeline Chuang and Bryan J Weiner
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:263
  4. Female medical students often prefer primary care specialties, while male students appear to be attracted to hospital specialties. Notwithstanding the steady feminisation of medicine, in many countries there a...

    Authors: Tanja Maiorova, Fred Stevens, Jouke van der Zee, Beppie Boode and Albert Scherpbier
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:262
  5. Up to now it has not been systematically investigated in which kind of clinical situations a consultation style based on shared decision making (SDM) is preferred by patients and physicians. We suggest the fac...

    Authors: Meike Müller-Engelmann, Tanja Krones, Heidi Keller and Norbert Donner-Banzhoff
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:260
  6. Adverse events (AEs) are patient injuries caused by medical care. Previous studies have reported increased mortality rates and prolonged hospital length of stay in patients having an AE. However, these studies...

    Authors: Alan J Forster, Kwadwo Kyeremanteng, Jon Hooper, Kaveh G Shojania and Carl van Walraven
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:259
  7. In Japan, gargling is a generally accepted way of preventing upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). The effectiveness of gargling for preventing URTI has been shown in a randomized controlled trial that com...

    Authors: Michi Sakai, Takuro Shimbo, Kazumi Omata, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Kazunari Satomura, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Takashi Kawamura, Hisamitsu Baba, Masaharu Yoshihara and Hiroshi Itoh
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:258
  8. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is performed because of anticipated survival benefit, improvement in quality of life, or both. We performed this study to explore variations in clinical indications ...

    Authors: Zhongmin Li, Richard L Kravitz, James P Marcin, Patrick S Romano, David M Rocke, Timothy A Denton, Ralph G Brindis, Jian Dai and Ezra A Amsterdam
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:257
  9. The importance and complexity of handovers is well-established. Progress for intervening in the emergency department change of shift handovers may be hampered by lack of a conceptual framework. The objectives ...

    Authors: Renée H Lawrence, Anne M Tomolo, Andy P Garlisi and David C Aron
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:256
  10. Incident reporting is the prevailing approach to gathering data on accidental falls in hospitals for both research and quality assurance purposes, though is of questionable quality as staff time pressures, per...

    Authors: Terry P Haines, Petrea Cornwell, Jennifer Fleming, Paul Varghese and Len Gray
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:254
  11. The number of physicians per 10,000 population is a basic health indicator used to determine access to health care. Studies from the United States of America and Europe indicate that their physician registrati...

    Authors: Jennifer Knight-Madden and Robert Gray
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:253
  12. To inform Danish health care reform efforts, we compared health care system inputs and performance and assessed the usefulness of these comparisons for informing policy.

    Authors: Anne Frølich, Michaela L Schiøtz, Martin Strandberg-Larsen, John Hsu, Allan Krasnik, Finn Diderichsen, Jim Bellows, Jes Søgaard and Karen White
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:252
  13. Achieving control of hypertension prevents target organ damage at both the micro and macrovascular level and is a highly cost effective means of lowering the risk for heart attack and stroke particularly in pe...

    Authors: Sheldon W Tobe, Margaret Moy Lum-Kwong, Nancy Perkins, Shirley Von Sychowski, Rolf J Sebaldt and Alex Kiss
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:251
  14. The aim of this project was primarily to assess the feasibility of individual exercise programs for older hospitalised patients at risk of functional decline, and secondarily to evaluate impact on discharge ou...

    Authors: Jo Nolan and Susie Thomas
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:250
  15. Demand for rehabilitation services is expected to increase due to factors such as an aging population, workforce pressures, rise in chronic and complex multi-system disorders, advances in technology, and chang...

    Authors: Diem Tran, Linda McGillis Hall, Aileen Davis, Michel D Landry, Dawn Burnett, Katherine Berg and Susan Jaglal
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:249
  16. Healthcare systems globally are reconfiguring to address the needs of people with long-term conditions such as respiratory disease. Primary Care Organisations (PCOs) in England and Wales are charged with the t...

    Authors: Sonya Hamilton, Guro Huby, Alison Tierney, Alison Powell, Tara Kielmann, Aziz Sheikh and Hilary Pinnock
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:248
  17. A key constraint to achieving the MDGs is the absence of a properly trained and motivated workforce. Loss of clinical staff from low and middle-income countries is crippling already fragile health care systems...

    Authors: Mischa Willis-Shattuck, Posy Bidwell, Steve Thomas, Laura Wyness, Duane Blaauw and Prudence Ditlopo
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:247
  18. Delivery of preventive health services in primary care is lacking. One of the main barriers is lack of time. We estimated the amount of time primary care physicians spend on important preventive health services.

    Authors: Kathryn I Pollak, Katrina M Krause, Kimberly SH Yarnall, Margaret Gradison, J Lloyd Michener and Truls Østbye
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:245
  19. To study: (1) the structure and test-retest reliability of a measure of how patients perceive the therapeutic communications skills of their general practitioners (TCom-skill GP), and (2) the associations of t...

    Authors: Michèle Baumann, Cédric Baumann, Etienne Le Bihan and Nearkasen Chau
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:244
  20. International studies report that nurse clinics improve healing rates for the leg ulcer population. However, these studies did not necessarily deliver similar standards of care based on evidence in the treatme...

    Authors: Margaret B Harrison, Ian D Graham, Karen Lorimer, Elizabeth VandenKerkhof, Maureen Buchanan, Phil S Wells, Tim Brandys and Tadeusz Pierscianowski
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:243
  21. Adult patients on prolonged acute mechanical ventilation (PAMV) comprise 1/3 of all adult MV patients, consume 2/3 of hospital resources allocated to MV population, and are nearly twice as likely to require a ...

    Authors: Marya D Zilberberg and Andrew F Shorr
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:242
  22. Poor adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may result in treatment failure and death. Most reports of the effect of adherence to HAART on mortality come from studies where special efforts a...

    Authors: Andrew M Abaasa, Jim Todd, Kenneth Ekoru, Joan N Kalyango, Jonathan Levin, Emmanuel Odeke and Charles AS Karamagi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:241
  23. South Africa recently launched a national antiretroviral treatment programme. This has created an urgent need for nurse-training in antiretroviral treatment (ART) delivery. The PALSA PLUS programme provides gu...

    Authors: J Stein, S Lewin, L Fairall, P Mayers, R English, A Bheekie, E Bateman and M Zwarenstein
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:240