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  1. In many countries exercise prescriptions are used to facilitate physical activity in a sedentary population with or in risk of developing lifestyle diseases. Some studies show a positive effect of exercise pre...

    Authors: Thomas VG Bredahl, Lis Puggaard and Kirsten K Roessler
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:139
  2. Increasing use is being made of routinely collected electronic patient data in health services research. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential usefulness of a comprehensive database used r...

    Authors: Martin CS Wong, Johnny Y Jiang, Jin-ling Tang, Augustine Lam, Hong Fung and Stewart W Mercer
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:138
  3. All patients who undergo surgery for colon cancer are followed up according to the guidelines of the Norwegian Gastrointestinal Cancer Group (NGICG). These guidelines state that the aims of follow-up after sur...

    Authors: Knut M Augestad, Barthold Vonen, Ranveig Aspevik, Torunn Nestvold, Unni Ringberg, Roar Johnsen, Jan Norum and Rolv-Ole Lindsetmo
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:137
  4. A major problem in cost-effectiveness studies is where to draw the line between interventions which are cost-effective and those who are not. Lacking a notion about the value of a QALY, all ultimate values to ...

    Authors: Wim Groot and Henriëtte Maassen van den Brink
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:136
  5. Although young people's transition from Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) to Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS) in England is a significant health issue for service users, commissioners and ...

    Authors: Swaran P Singh, Moli Paul, Tamsin Ford, Tami Kramer and Tim Weaver
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:135
  6. Globally, immunization services have been the center of renewed interest with increased funding to improve services, acceleration of the introduction of new vaccines, and the development of a health systems ap...

    Authors: Tove K Ryman, Vance Dietz and K Lisa Cairns
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:134
  7. Knowledge of existing prescription patterns in the treatment of newly-diagnosed hypertension can provide useful information for improving clinical practice in this field. The aims of this study are to determin...

    Authors: Pang-Hsiang Liu and Jung-Der Wang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:133
  8. Extended follow-up of survivors of ICU treatment has shown many patients suffer long-term physical and psychological consequences that affect their health-related quality of life. The current lack of rigorous ...

    Authors: John A Griffiths, Kayleigh Morgan, Vicki S Barber and J Duncan Young
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:132
  9. The 2003 revision of the UK GMS contract rewards general practices for performance against clinical quality indicators. Practices can exempt patients from treatment, and can receive maximum payment for less th...

    Authors: Robert Fleetcroft, Nicholas Steel, Richard Cookson and Amanda Howe
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:131
  10. Asthma is the most common chronic disease in childhood. Large variations exist concerning the number of children being treated by general practitioners and by specialists. Consequently, health related costs du...

    Authors: Grete Moth, Peter O Schiotz and Peter Vedsted
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:130
  11. There is a wealth of evidence regarding the detrimental impact of excessive alcohol consumption. In older populations excessive alcohol consumption is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease, ...

    Authors: Simon Coulton, Jude Watson, Martin Bland, Colin Drummond, Eileen Kaner, Christine Godfrey, Alan Hassey, Veronica Morton, Steve Parrott, Tom Phillips, Duncan Raistrick, Daphne Rumball and Gillian Tober
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:129
  12. Despite a growing understanding of the effectiveness of bereavement interventions and the groups that benefit most from them, we know little about the cost-effectiveness of bereavement interventions.

    Authors: Simone Onrust, Filip Smit, Godelief Willemse, Jan van den Bout and Pim Cuijpers
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:128
  13. There has been a marked increase in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in recent years worldwide. In Germany, apart from 'Heilpraktiker' (= state-licensed, non-medical CAM practitioners), ...

    Authors: Stefanie Joos, Berthold Musselmann, Antje Miksch, Thomas Rosemann and Joachim Szecsenyi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:127
  14. Evaluating complex interventions in health services faces various difficulties, such as making practice changes and costs. Ways to increase research capacity and decrease costs include making research an integ...

    Authors: Elina Hemminki, Kaija Heikkilä, Tiina Sevón and Päivikki Koponen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:126
  15. Because numerous studies have revealed the negative consequences of stigmatisation, this study explores the determinants of stigma experiences. In particular, it examines whether or not part-time hospitalisati...

    Authors: Mieke Verhaeghe, Piet Bracke and Wendy Christiaens
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:125
  16. Discrepancies in primary health care (PHC) services between urban and rural settings have already been studied in many countries; however, limited information exists regarding countries, such as Greece, where ...

    Authors: Anargiros Mariolis, Constantinos Mihas, Alevizos Alevizos, Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos, Konstantinos Marayiannis, Marek Papathanasiou, Vassilios Gizlis, Dimitris Karanasios and Bodossakis Merkouris
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:124
  17. Antibiotics are widely-used medicines for which a more prudent use has been advocated to minimize development of resistance. There are considerable cross-national differences that can only partially be explain...

    Authors: Reginald Deschepper, Larissa Grigoryan, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Geert Hofstede, Joachim Cohen, Greta Van Der Kelen, Luc Deliens and Flora M Haaijer-Ruskamp
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:123
  18. This study aims to analyze whether the rehabilitation of cancer surviving patients (CSPs) can be better organized. The data for this paper consists of focus group interviews (FGIs) with CSPs, general practitio...

    Authors: Thorbjørn H Mikkelsen, Jens Soendergaard, Anders B Jensen and Frede Olesen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:122
  19. Short-term medical missions (STMMs) are a well-established means of providing health care to the developing world. Despite over 250 million dollars and thousands of volunteer hours dedicated to STMMs, there is...

    Authors: Jesse Maki, Munirih Qualls, Benjamin White, Sharon Kleefield and Robert Crone
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:121
  20. Within the framework of a prospective cohort study of Swiss medical school graduates, a Career-Success Scale (CSS) was constructed in a sample of young physicians choosing different career paths in medicine. F...

    Authors: Barbara Buddeberg-Fischer, Martina Stamm, Claus Buddeberg and Richard Klaghofer
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:120
  21. In Nigeria ACT use at the community level has not been evaluated and the use of antimalarial drugs (commonly chloroquine (CQ)) at home has been shown to be largely incorrect. The treatment regimen of ACT is ho...

    Authors: Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi, Catherine O Falade, Benjamin O Olley, Bidemi Yusuf, Sola Gbotosho, Toyin Iyiola, Omobola Olaniyan, Christian Happi, Kaendi Munguti and Franco Pagnoni
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:119
  22. Prevalence estimates for insomnia range from 10 to 50% in the adult general population. Sleep disturbances cause great impairment in quality of life, which might even rival or exceed the impairment in other ch...

    Authors: Arne Fetveit, Jørund Straand and Bjørn Bjorvatn
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:117
  23. Paget's disease of bone (PDB) disrupts normal bone architecture and causes pain, deformity, deafness, osteoarthritis, and fractures. Genetic factors play a role in PDB and genetic tests are now conducted for r...

    Authors: Anne L Langston, Marie Johnston, Jill Francis, Clare Robertson, Marion K Campbell, Vikki A Entwistle, Theresa Marteau, Graeme MacLennan, John Weinman, Marilyn McCallum, Zosia Miedzybrodska, Keith Charnock and Stuart H Ralston
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:116
  24. Increasing unplanned hospital admissions disrupt planned health care, lead to additional morbidity and are expensive. A recent review found only weak evidence for case management preventing unplanned admission...

    Authors: Dyfed W Huws, Deborah Cashmore, Robert G Newcombe, Catherine Roberts, Judith Vincent and Glyn Elwyn
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:115
  25. Recent developments have made screening tests for foetal abnormalities available earlier in pregnancy and women have a range of testing options accessible to them. It is now recommended that all women, regardl...

    Authors: Cate Nagle, Sharon Lewis, Bettina Meiser, Jane Gunn, Jane Halliday and Robin Bell
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:114
  26. Studies largely from the market research field suggest that the inclusion of a stamped addressed envelope, rather than a pre-paid business reply, increases the response rate to mail surveys. The evidence that ...

    Authors: Katrina Lavelle, Chris Todd and Malcolm Campbell
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:113
  27. Indigenous Australians experience disproportionately high prevalence of, and morbidity and mortality from chronic illness such as diabetes, renal disease and cardiovascular disease. Improving the understanding...

    Authors: Damin Si, Ross Bailie, Joan Cunningham, Gary Robinson, Michelle Dowden, Allison Stewart, Christine Connors and Tarun Weeramanthri
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:112
  28. The healthcare expenditure on self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) test strips under the Nova Scotia Seniors' Pharmacare Program (NSSPP) has increased significantly in recent years. The objective of this st...

    Authors: Chiranjeev Sanyal, Stephen D Graham, Charmaine Cooke, Ingrid Sketris, Dawn M Frail and Gordon Flowerdew
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:111
  29. Interdisciplinary research has been promoted as an optimal research paradigm in the health sciences, yet little is known about how researchers experience interdisciplinarity in practice. This study sought to d...

    Authors: Kalpana M Nair, Lisa Dolovich, Kevin Brazil and Parminder Raina
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:110
  30. In Tajikistan it is estimated that out of pocket payments constitute two-thirds of all health spending with high proportions of these contributions through informal payments. As a consequence, access to basic ...

    Authors: Fabrizio Tediosi, Raffael Aye, Shukufa Ibodova, Robin Thompson and Kaspar Wyss
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:109
  31. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder incurring significant social and economic costs. This study uses a US administrative claims database to evaluate the effect of AD on direct healthcare c...

    Authors: Yang Zhao, Tzu-Chun Kuo, Sharada Weir, Marilyn S Kramer and Arlene S Ash
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:108
  32. Email-based telemedicine has been reported to be an efficient method of delivering online health services to patients at a distance and is often described as a low-cost form of telemedicine. The service may be...

    Authors: Liam Caffery, Anthony C Smith and Paul A Scuffham
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:107
  33. Although the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is the preferred program for colorectal cancer screening in Japan, many medical institutions have recently begun to provide total colonoscopy (TCS) as an initial scr...

    Authors: Yuichi Katsumura, Hideo Yasunaga, Tomoaki Imamura, Kazuhiko Ohe and Hiroshi Oyama
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:106
  34. Theories of behavior change indicate that an analysis of barriers to change is helpful when trying to influence professional practice. The aim of this study was to assess the perceived barriers to practice cha...

    Authors: Serena SL Koh, Elizabeth Manias, Alison M Hutchinson, Susan Donath and Linda Johnston
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:105
  35. The creation of Local Health Care Cooperatives (LHCCs) in Scotland in 1999 was typical of attempts to encourage voluntary integration and co-operation between health care providers. One of the three stated obj...

    Authors: Gary McLean and Matt Sutton
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:104
  36. Patient satisfaction is an important, but controversial part of health service evaluation. This study dealt with how acknowledgement of illness and treatment needs effected the distribution of positive, neutra...

    Authors: Knut W Soergaard, Mary Nivison, Vidje Hansen and Terje Oeiesvold
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:103
  37. It has been argued that quality improvements that result from user charges reduce their negative impact on utilization especially of the poor. In Uganda, because there was no concrete evidence for improvements...

    Authors: Juliet Nabyonga-Orem, Humphrey Karamagi, Lynn Atuyambe, Fred Bagenda, Sam A Okuonzi and Oladapo Walker
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:102
  38. Obese workers incur greater health care costs than normal weight workers. Possibly viewed by employers as an increased financial risk, they may be at a disadvantage in procuring employment that provides health...

    Authors: Ronald L Fong and Peter Franks
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:101
  39. We compared two methods of measuring provider performance of tobacco control activities: immediate "exit cards" versus delayed telephone follow-up surveys. Current standards, e.g. HEDIS, use delayed patient me...

    Authors: Thomas K Houston, Joshua S Richman, Heather L Coley, Midge N Ray, Jeroan J Allison, Gregg H Gilbert, Judith S Gordon and Catarina I Kiefe
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:100
  40. Major depressive disorder (MDD) has major consequences for both patients and society, particularly in terms of needlessly long sick leave and reduced functioning. Although evidence-based treatments for MDD are...

    Authors: Moniek C Vlasveld, Johannes R Anema, Aartjan TF Beekman, Willem van Mechelen, Rob Hoedeman, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Frans F Rutten, Leona Hakkaart-van Roijen and Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:99
  41. Crowding in hospital Emergency Departments (EDs) is a problem in several countries. We evaluated the number and characteristics of patients who make repeated visits to the EDs in Naples, Italy.

    Authors: Gabriella Di Giuseppe, Rossella Abbate, Luciana Albano, Paolo Marinelli and Italo F Angelillo
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:97
  42. Low literacy and numeracy skills are common. Adequate numeracy skills are crucial in the management of diabetes. Diabetes patients use numeracy skills to interpret glucose meters, administer medications, follo...

    Authors: Mary Margaret Huizinga, Tom A Elasy, Kenneth A Wallston, Kerri Cavanaugh, Dianne Davis, Rebecca P Gregory, Lynn S Fuchs, Robert Malone, Andrea Cherrington, Darren A DeWalt, John Buse, Michael Pignone and Russell L Rothman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:96
  43. Despite growing evidence that many people with dementia want to know their diagnosis, there is wide variation in attitudes of professionals towards disclosure. The disclosure of the diagnosis of dementia is in...

    Authors: Jan Lecouturier, Claire Bamford, Julian C Hughes, Jillian J Francis, Robbie Foy, Marie Johnston and Martin P Eccles
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:95
  44. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) is a technology used in treatment of patients with severe but potentially reversible respiratory failure. A multi-centre randomised controlled trial (CESAR) was funde...

    Authors: Mariamma M Thalanany, Miranda Mugford, Clare Hibbert, Nicola J Cooper, Ann Truesdale, Steven Robinson, Ravindranath Tiruvoipati, Diana R Elbourne, Giles J Peek, Felicity Clemens, Polly Hardy and Andrew Wilson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:94
  45. While a number of studies have looked at life on service users' experiences of life on psychiatric wards, no research exists that have approached these experiences from the user perspective since the introduct...

    Authors: Helen Gilburt, Diana Rose and Mike Slade
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:92
  46. Radiologists have been observed to differ, sometimes substantially, both in their interpretations of mammograms and in their recommendations for follow-up. The aim of this study was to determine how factors re...

    Authors: Eduard Molins, Francesc Macià, Francesc Ferrer, Maria-Teresa Maristany and Xavier Castells
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:91