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Table 1 General practitioner referral patterns for standardised patient cases indicating development of end-stage renal failure

From: Factors influencing general practitioner referral of patients developing end-stage renal failure: a standardised case-analysis study

Patient characteristic Specialist Referral by GP
  Nephrologist % General Physician % Urologist % Other %
All cases 44 37 7 11*
Younger patient (age 40) 47 36 7 10
Older patient(age 70) 41 39 7 13
Moderate symptoms 40 42 6 12
Severe symptoms 48 32 8 12
  1. *1% of patients not referred to specialists; Moderate symptoms = 129 to 350 μmol/l creatinine, Severe symptoms = 250 to 480 μmol/l creatinine