Asch SM, Kerr EA, Keesey J, Adams JL, Setodji CM, Malik S, McGlynn EA: Who is at greatest risk for receiving poor-quality health care?. New England Journal of Medicine. 2006, 354: 1147-1156. 10.1056/NEJMsa044464.
Landon BE, Normand SLT, Lessler A, O'Malley AJ, Schmaltz S, Loeb JM, Mcneil BJ: Quality of care for the treatment of acute medical conditions in US hospitals. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2006, 166: 2511-2517. 10.1001/archinte.166.22.2511.
McGlynn EA, Asch SM, Adams J, Keesey J, Hicks J, DeCristofaro A, Kerr EA: The quality of health care delivered to adults in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine. 2003, 348: 2635-2645. 10.1056/NEJMsa022615.
Steel N, Bachmann M, Maisey S, Shekelle P, Breeze E, Marmot M, Melzer D: Self reported receipt of care consistent with 32 quality indicators: national population survey of adults aged 50 or more in England. British Medical Journal. 2008, 337.
Armour BS, Pitts MM, Maclean R, Cangialose C, Kishel M, Imai H, Etchason J: The effect of explicit financial incentives on physician behavior. Arch Intern Med. 2001, 161: 1261-1266. 10.1001/archinte.161.10.1261.
Chaix-Couturier C, Durand-Zaleski I, Jolly D, Durieux P: Effects of financial incentives on medical practice: results from a systematic review of the literature and methodological issues. Int J Qual Health Care. 2000, 12: 133-142. 10.1093/intqhc/12.2.133.
Christianson JB, Leatherman S, Sutherland K: Lessons From Evaluations of Purchaser Pay-for-Performance Programs A Review of the Evidence. Medical Care Research and Review. 2008, 65: 5S-35S. 10.1177/1077558708324236.
Custers T, Hurley J, Klazinga NS, Brown AD: Selecting effective incentive structures in health care: A decision framework to support health care purchasers in finding the right incentives to drive performance. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008, 8: 66-10.1186/1472-6963-8-66.
Dudley RA, Frolich A, Robinowitz DL, Talavera JA, Broadhead P, Luft HS: Strategies to support quality-based purchasing: A review of the evidence. 2004, Rockville, MD
Frolich A, Talavera JA, Broadhead P, Dudley RA: A behavioral model of clinician responses to incentives to improve quality. Health Policy. 2007, 80: 179-193. 10.1016/j.healthpol.2006.03.001.
Giuffrida A, Gosden T, Forland F, Kristiansen IS, Sergison M, Leese B, Pedersen L, Sutton M: Target payments in primary care: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000, CD000531.
Kane RL, Johnson PE, Town RJ, Butler M: Economic incentives for preventive care. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Summ). 2004, 1-7.
Mehrotra A, Damberg CL, Sorbero MES, Teleki SS: Pay for Performance in the Hospital Setting: What Is the State of the Evidence?. American Journal of Medical Quality. 2009, 24: 19-28. 10.1177/1062860608326634.
Petersen LA, Woodard LD, Urech T, Daw C, Sookanan S: Does pay-for-performance improve the quality of health care?. Ann Intern Med. 2006, 145: 265-272.
Rosenthal MB, Frank RG: What is the empirical basis for paying for quality in health care?. Med Care Res Rev. 2006, 63: 135-157. 10.1177/1077558705285291.
Sabatino SA, Habarta N, Baron RC, Coates RJ, Rimer BK, Kerner J, Coughlin SS, Kalra GP, Chattopadhyay S: Interventions to increase recommendation and delivery of screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancers by healthcare providers - Systematic reviews of provider assessment and feedback and provider incentives. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2008, 35: S67-S74. 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.04.008.
Schatz M: Does pay-for-performance influence the quality of care?. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008, 8: 213-221. 10.1097/ACI.0b013e3282fe9d1a.
Stone EG, Morton SC, Hulscher ME, Maglione MA, Roth EA, Grimshaw JM, Mittman BS, Rubenstein LV, Rubenstein LZ, Shekelle PG: Interventions that increase use of adult immunization and cancer screening services: a meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2002, 136: 641-651.
Sturm H, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Aaserud M, Oxman AD, Ramsay C, Vernby A, Kosters JP: Pharmaceutical policies: effects of financial incentives for prescribers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007, CD006731.
Town R, Kane R, Johnson P, Butler M: Economic incentives and physicians' delivery of preventive care: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2005, 28: 234-240. 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.10.013.
Downs SH, Black N: The feasibility of creating a checklist for the assessment of the methodological quality both of randomised and non-randomised studies of health care interventions. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 1998, 52: 377-384. 10.1136/jech.52.6.377.
Thomas BH, Ciliska D, Dobbins M, Micucci S: A process for systematically reviewing the literature: providing the research evidence for public health nursing interventions. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2004, 1: 176-184. 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2004.04006.x.
Boutron I, Moher D, Altman DG, Schulz KF, Ravaud P: Extending the CONSORT statement to randomized trials of nonpharmacologic treatment: Explanation and elaboration. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2008, 148: 295-309.
CRD: Undertaking systematic reviews of research on effectiveness: CRD's guidance for those carrying out or commissioning reviews. York. 2001
Formulier II voor het beoordelen van een randomised controlled trial (RCT). [http://dcc.cochrane.org/beoordelingsformulieren-en-andere-downloads]
Campbell MK, Elbourne DR, Altman DG: CONSORT statement: extension to cluster randomised trials. British Medical Journal. 2004, 328: 702-708. 10.1136/bmj.328.7441.702.
EPOC Methods Paper. Including interrupted time series (ITS) designs in a EPOC review.
Formulier III voor het beoordelen van een cohortonderzoek. [http://dcc.cochrane.org/beoordelingsformulieren-en-andere-downloads]
Von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gotzsche PC, Vandenbroucke JP: The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2008, 61: 344-349. 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2007.11.008.
Cleemput I, Van Wilder P, Vrijens F, Huybrechts M, Ramaekers D: KCE reports 78C - Guidelines for Pharmacoeconomic Evaluations in Belgium. 2009
Weinstein MC, O'Brien B, Hornberger J, Jackson J, Johannesson M, McCabe C, Luce BR: Principles of good practice for decision analytic modeling in health-care evaluation: report of the ISPOR Task Force on Good Research Practices--Modeling Studies. Value Health. 2003, 6: 9-17. 10.1046/j.1524-4733.2003.00234.x.
Grossbart SR: What's the return? Assessing the effect of "pay-for-performance" initiatives on the quality of care delivery. Medical Care Research and Review. 2006, 63: 29S-48S. 10.1177/1077558705283643.
Mullen KJ, Frank RG, Rosenthal MB: Can you get what you pay for? Pay-for-performance and the quality of healthcare providers. 2009, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Pearson SD, Schneider EC, Kleinman KP, Coltin KL, Singer JA: The impact of pay-for-performance on health care quality in Massachusetts, 2001-2003. Health Affairs. 2008, 27: 1167-1176. 10.1377/hlthaff.27.4.1167.
Campbell SM, Reeves D, Kontopantelis E, Sibbald B, Roland M: Effects of pay for performance on the quality of primary care in England. N Engl J Med. 2009, 361: 368-378. 10.1056/NEJMsa0807651.
Sutton M, Elder R, Guthrie B, Watt G: Record rewards: the effects of targeted quality incentives on the recording of risk factors by primary care providers. Health Econ. 2009
Ashworth M, Seed P, Armstrong D, Durbaba S, Jones R: The relationship between social deprivation and the quality of primary care: a national survey using indicators from the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework. British Journal of General Practice. 2007, 57: 441-448.
Ashworth M, Medina J, Morgan M: Effect of social deprivation on blood pressure monitoring and control in England: a survey of data from the quality and outcomes framework. BMJ. 2008, 337: a2030-10.1136/bmj.a2030.
Crawley D, Ng A, Mainous AG, Majeed A, Millett C: Impact of pay for performance on quality of chronic disease management by social class group in England. J R Soc Med. 2009, 102: 103-107. 10.1258/jrsm.2009.080389.
Doran T, Fullwood C, Gravelle H, Reeves D, Kontopantelis E, Hiroeh U, Roland M: Pay-for-performance programs in family practices in the United Kingdom. New England Journal of Medicine. 2006, 355: 375-384. 10.1056/NEJMsa055505.
Doran T, Fullwood C, Reeves D, Gravelle H, Roland M: Exclusion of patients from pay-for-performance targets by english physicians. New England Journal of Medicine. 2008, 359: 274-284. 10.1056/NEJMsa0800310.
Doran T, Fullwood C, Kontopantelis E, Reeves D: Effect of financial incentives on inequalities in the delivery of primary clinical care in England: analysis of clinical activity indicators for the quality and outcomes framework. Lancet. 2008, 372: 728-736. 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61123-X.
Gravelle H, Sutton M, Ma A: Doctor behaviour under a pay for performance contract: Further evidence from the quality and outcomes framework. 2008, The University of York
Gray J, Millett C, Saxena S, Netuveli G, Khunti K, Majeed A: Ethnicity and quality of diabetes care in a health system with universal coverage: Population-based cross-sectional survey in primary care. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2007, 22: 1317-1320. 10.1007/s11606-007-0267-4.
Gulliford MC, Ashworth M, Robotham D, Mohiddin A: Achievement of metabolic targets for diabetes by English primary care practices under a new system of incentives. Diabetic Medicine. 2007, 24: 505-511. 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2007.02090.x.
Hippisley-Cox J, O'Hanlon S, Coupland C: Association of deprivation, ethnicity, and sex with quality indicators for diabetes: population based survey of 53 000 patients in primary care. British Medical Journal. 2004, 329: 1267-1269. 10.1136/bmj.38279.588125.7C.
Karve AM, Ou FS, Lytle BL, Peterson ED: Potential unintended financial consequences of pay-for-performance on the quality of care for minority patients. American Heart Journal. 2008, 155: 571-576.
Lynch M: Effect of Practice and Patient Population Characteristics on the Uptake of Childhood Immunizations. British Journal of General Practice. 1995, 45: 205-208.
McGovern MP, Williams DJ, Hannaford PC, Taylor MW, Lefevre KE, Boroujerdi MA, Simpson CR: Introduction of a new incentive and target-based contract for family physicians in the UK: good for older patients with diabetes but less good for women?. Diabetic Medicine. 2008, 25: 1083-1089. 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2008.02544.x.
McLean G, Sutton M, Guthrie B: Deprivation and quality of primary care services: evidence for persistence of the inverse care law from the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2006, 60: 917-922. 10.1136/jech.2005.044628.
Millett C, Gray J, Saxena S, Netuveli G, Khunti K, Majeed A: Ethnic disparities in diabetes management and pay-for-performance in the UK: The Wandsworth prospective diabetes study. Plos Medicine. 2007, 4: 1087-1093. 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040191.
Millett C, Gray J, Saxena S, Netuveli G, Majeed A: Impact of a pay-for-performance incentive on support for smoking cessation and on smoking prevalence among people with diabetes. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2007, 176: 1705-1710. 10.1503/cmaj.061556.
Millett C, Car J, Eldred D, Khunti K, Mainous AG, Majeed A: Diabetes prevalence, process of care and outcomes in relation to practice size, caseload and deprivation: national cross-sectional study in primary care. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 2007, 100: 275-283. 10.1258/jrsm.100.6.275.
Millett C, Gray J, Bottle A, Majeed A: Ethnic disparities in blood pressure management in patients with hypertension after the introduction of pay for performance. Ann Fam Med. 2008, 6: 490-496. 10.1370/afm.907.
Millett C, Gray J, Wall M, Majeed A: Ethnic Disparities in Coronary Heart Disease Management and Pay for Performance in the UK. J Gen Intern Med. 2008
Millett C, Netuveli G, Saxena S, Majeed A: Impact of pay for performance on ethnic disparities in intermediate outcomes for diabetes: longitudinal study. Diabetes Care. 2008
Pham HH, Landon BE, Reschovsky JD, Wu B, Schrag D: Rapidity and modality of imaging for acute low back pain in elderly patients. Arch Intern Med. 2009, 169: 972-981. 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.78.
Saxena S, Car J, Eldred D, Soljak M, Majeed A: Practice size, caseload, deprivation and quality of care of patients with coronary heart disease, hypertension and stroke in primary care: national cross-sectional study. Bmc Health Services Research. 2007, 7: 10.1186/1472-6963-7-96.
Sigfrid LA, Turner C, Crook D, Ray S: Using the UK primary care Quality and Outcomes Framework to audit health care equity: preliminary data on diabetes management. Journal of Public Health. 2006, 28: 221-225. 10.1093/pubmed/fdl028.
Simpson CR, Hannaford PC, Lefevre K, Williams D: Effect of the UK incentive-based contract on the management of patients with stroke in primary care. Stroke. 2006, 37: 2354-2360. 10.1161/01.STR.0000236067.37267.88.
Simpson CR, Hannaford PC, McGovern M, Taylor MW, Green PN, Lefevre K, Williams DJ: Are different groups of patients with stroke more likely to be excluded from the new UK general medical services contract? A cross-sectional retrospective analysis of a large primary care population. Bmc Family Practice. 2007, 8: 10.1186/1471-2296-8-56.
Strong M, Maheswaran R, Radford J: Socioeconomic deprivation, coronary heart disease prevalence and quality of care: a practice-level analysis in Rotherham using data from the new UK general practitioner Quality and Outcomes Framework. Journal of Public Health. 2006, 28: 39-42. 10.1093/pubmed/fdi065.
Sutton M, McLean G: Determinants of primary medical care quality measured under the new UK contract: cross sectional study. British Medical Journal. 2006, 332: 389-390. 10.1136/bmj.38742.554468.55.
Vaghela P, Ashworth M, Schofield P, Gulliford MC: Population intermediate outcomes of diabetes under pay for performance incentives in England from 2004 to 2008. Diabetes Care. 2008
Cameron PA, Kennedy MP, Mcneil JJ: The effects of bonus payments on emergency service performance in Victoria. Medical Journal of Australia. 1999, 171: 243-246.
Srirangalingam U, Sahathevan SK, Lasker SS, Chowdhury TA: Changing pattern of referral to a diabetes clinic following implementation of the new UK GP contract. British Journal of General Practice. 2006, 56: 624-626.
Gene-Badia J, Escaramis-Babiano G, Sans-Corrales M, Sampietro-Colom L, Aguado-Menguy F, Cabezas-Pena C, de Puelles PG: Impact of economic incentives on quality of professional life and on end-user satisfaction in primary care. Health Policy. 2007, 80: 2-10. 10.1016/j.healthpol.2006.02.008.
Rodriguez HP, Von Glahn T, Rogers WH, Safran DG: Organizational and market influences on physician performance on patient experience measures. Health Services Research. 2009, 44: 880-901. 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2009.00960.x.
Rubinstein A, Rubinstein F, Botargues M, Barani M, Kopitowski K: A multimodal strategy based on pay-per-performance to improve quality of care of family practitioners in Argentina. J Ambul Care Manage. 2009, 32: 103-114.
Curtin K, Beckman H, Pankow G, Milillo Y, Greene RA: Return on investment in pay for performance: A diabetes case study. Journal of Healthcare Management. 2006, 51: 365-374.
Kahn CN, Ault T, Isenstein H, Potetz L, Van Gelder S: Snapshot of hospital quality reporting and pay-for-performance under Medicare. Health Affairs. 2006, 25: 148-162. 10.1377/hlthaff.25.1.148.
Fleetcroft R, Cookson R: Do the incentive payments in the new NHS contract for primary care reflect likely population health gains?. J Health Serv Res Policy. 2006, 11: 27-31. 10.1258/135581906775094316.
Fleetcroft R, Parekh S, Steel N, Swift L, Cookson R, Howe A: Potential population health gain of the quality and outcomes framework. Report to Department of Health 2008. 2008
McElduff P, Lyratzopoulos G, Edwards R, Heller RF, Shekelle P, Roland M: Will changes in primary care improve health outcomes? Modelling the impact of financial incentives introduced to improve quality of care in the UK. Quality & Safety in Health Care. 2004, 13: 191-197.
An LC, Bluhm JH, Foldes SS, Alesci NL, Klatt CM, Center BA, Nersesian WS, Larson ME, Ahluwalia JS, Manley MW: A randomized trial of a pay-for-performance program targeting clinician referral to a state tobacco quitline. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2008, 168: 1993-1999. 10.1001/archinte.168.18.1993.
Mason A, Walker S, Claxton K, Cookson R, Fenwick E, Sculpher M: The GMS Quality and Outcomes Framework: Are the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) Indicators a Cost-Effective Use of NHS Resources?. 2008
Nahra TA, Reiter KL, Hirth RA, Shermer JE, Wheeler JRC: Cost-effectiveness of hospital pay-for-performance incentives. Medical Care Research and Review. 2006, 63: 49S-72S. 10.1177/1077558705283629.
Salize HJ, Merkel S, Reinhard I, Twardella D, Mann K, Brenner H: Cost-effective primary care-based strategies to improve smoking cessation: more value for money. Arch Intern Med. 2009, 169: 230-235. 10.1001/archinternmed.2008.556.
Chung RS, Chernicoff HO, Nakao KA, Nickel RC, Legorreta AP: A quality-driven physician compensation model: four-year follow-up study. J Healthc Qual. 2003, 25: 31-37.
Herrin J, Nicewander D, Ballard DJ: The effect of health care system administrator pay-for-performance on quality of care. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2008, 34: 646-654.
Lindenauer PK, Remus D, Roman S, Rothberg MB, Benjamin EM, Ma A, Bratzler DW: Public reporting and pay for performance in hospital quality improvement. New England Journal of Medicine. 2007, 356: 486-496. 10.1056/NEJMsa064964.
Bhattacharyya T, Freiberg AA, Mehta P, Katz JN, Ferris T: Measuring the report card: the validity of pay-for-performance metrics in orthopedic surgery. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009, 28: 526-532. 10.1377/hlthaff.28.2.526.
Casale AS, Paulus RA, Selna MJ, Doll MC, Bothe AE, McKinley KE, Berry SA, Davis DE, Gilfillan RJ, Hamory BH, Steele GD: "ProvenCare(SM)" a provider-driven pay-for-performance program for acute episodic cardiac surgical core. Annals of Surgery. 2007, 246: 613-623. 10.1097/SLA.0b013e318155a996.
Downing A, Rudge G, Cheng Y, Tu YK, Keen J, Gilthorpe MS: Do the UK government's new Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) scores adequately measure primary care performance? A cross-sectional survey of routine healthcare data. Bmc Health Services Research. 2007, 7: 10.1186/1472-6963-7-166.
Ryan AM: Effects of the Premier hospital quality incentive demonstration on Medicare patient mortality and cost. Health Services Research. 2009, 44: 821-842. 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2009.00956.x.
Twardella D, Brenner H: Effects of practitioner education, practitioner payment and reimbursement of patients' drug costs on smoking cessation in primary care: a cluster randomised trial. Tobacco Control. 2007, 16: 15-21. 10.1136/tc.2006.016253.
Beaulieu ND, Horrigan DR: Putting smart money to work for quality improvement. Health Services Research. 2005, 40: 1318-1334. 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2005.00414.x.
Larsen DL, Cannon W, Towner S: Longitudinal assessment of a diabetes care management system in an integrated health network. J Manag Care Pharm. 2003, 9: 552-558.
Tahrani AA, McCarthy M, Godson J, Taylor S, Slater H, Capps N, Moulik P, Macleod AF: Diabetes care and the new GMS contract: the evidence for a whole county. British Journal of General Practice. 2007, 57: 483-485.
Weber V, Bloom F, Pierdon S, Wood C: Employing the electronic health record to improve diabetes care: A multifaceted intervention in an integrated delivery system. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2008, 23: 379-382. 10.1007/s11606-007-0439-2.
Greene RA, Beckman H, Chamberlain J, Partridge G, Miller M, Burden D, Kerr J: Increasing adherence to a community-based guideline for acute sinusitis through education, physician profiling, and financial incentives. Am J Managed Care. 2004, 10: 670-678.
Glickman SW, Ou FS, Delong ER, Roe MT, Lytle BL, Mulgund J, Rumsfeld JS, Gibler WB, Ohman EM, Schulman KA, Peterson ED: Pay for performance, quality of care, and outcomes in acute myocardial infarction. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association. 2007, 297: 2373-2380. 10.1001/jama.297.21.2373.
Levin-Scherz J, DeVita N, Timbie J: Impact of pay-for-performance contracts and network registry on diabetes and asthma HEDIS (R) measures in an integrated delivery network. Medical Care Research and Review. 2006, 63: 14S-28S. 10.1177/1077558705284057.
Ritchie LD, Bisset AF, Russell D, Leslie V, Thomson I: Primary and Preschool Immunization in Grampian - Progress and the 1990 Contract. British Medical Journal. 1992, 304: 816-819. 10.1136/bmj.304.6830.816.
Young GJ, Meterko M, Beckman H, Baker E, White B, Sautter KM, Greene R, Curtin K, Bokhour BG, Berlowitz D, Burgess JF: Effects of paying physicians based on their relative performance for quality. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2007, 22: 872-876. 10.1007/s11606-007-0185-5.
Calvert M, Shankar A, McManus RJ, Lester H, Freemantle N: Effect of the quality and outcomes framework on diabetes care in the United Kingdom: retrospective cohort study. BMJ. 2009, 338: b1870-10.1136/bmj.b1870.
Amundson G, Solberg LI, Reed M, Martini EM, Carlson R: Paying for quality improvement: compliance with tobacco cessation guidelines. Jt Comm J Qual Saf. 2003, 29: 59-65.
Gilmore AS, Zhao YX, Kang N, Ryskina KL, Legorreta AP, Taira DA, Chung RS: Patient outcomes and evidence-based medicine in a preferred provider organization setting: A six-year evaluation of a physician pay-for-performance program. Health Services Research. 2007, 42: 2140-2159. 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2007.00725.x.
Coleman K, Reiter KL, Fulwiler D: The impact of pay-for-performance on diabetes care in a large network of community health centers. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2007, 18: 966-983.
de Brantes FS, D'Andrea BG: Physicians respond to pay-for-performance incentives: larger incentives yield greater participation. Am J Manag Care. 2009, 15: 305-310.
Fairbrother G, Hanson KL, Friedman S, Butts GC: The impact of physician bonuses, enhanced fees, and feedback on childhood immunization coverage rates. American Journal of Public Health. 1999, 89: 171-175. 10.2105/AJPH.89.2.171.
Fairbrother G, Hanson KL, Butts GC, Friedman S: Comparison of preventive care in Medicaid managed care and medicaid fee for service in institutions and private practices. Ambulatory Pediatrics. 2001, 1: 294-301. 10.1367/1539-4409(2001)001<0294:COPCIM>2.0.CO;2.
Rosenthal MB, de Brantes FS, Sinaiko AD, Frankel M, Robbins RD, Young S: Bridges to Excellence - Recognizing High-Quality Care: Analysis of Physician Quality and Resource Use. Am J Managed Care. 2008, 14: 670-677.
Morrow RW, Gooding AD, Clark C: Improving physicians' preventive health care behavior through peer review and financial incentives. Arch Fam Med. 1995, 4: 165-169. 10.1001/archfami.4.2.165.
Hillman AL, Ripley K, Goldfarb N, Nuamah I, Weiner J, Lusk E: Physician financial incentives and feedback: Failure to increase cancer screening in Medicaid managed care. American Journal of Public Health. 1998, 88: 1699-1701. 10.2105/AJPH.88.11.1699.
Hillman AL, Ripley K, Goldfarb N, Weiner J, Nuamah I, Lusk E: The use of physician financial incentives and feedback to improve pediatric preventive care in Medicaid managed care. Pediatrics. 1999, 104: 931-935. 10.1542/peds.104.4.931.
Pourat N, Rice T, Tai-Seale M, Bolan G, Nihalani J: Association between physician compensation methods and delivery of guideline-concordant STD care: Is there a link?. Am J Managed Care. 2005, 11: 426-432.
Fairbrother G, Friedman S, Hanson KL, Butts GC: Effect of the vaccines for children program on inner-city neighborhood physicians. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 1997, 151: 1229-1235.
Kouides RW, Lewis B, Bennett NM, Bell KM, Barker WH, Black ER, Cappuccio JD, Raubertas RF, LaForce FM: A Performance-Based Incentive Program for Influenza Immunization in the Elderly. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 1993, 9: 250-255.
Rosenthal MB, Frank RG, Li ZH, Epstein AM: Early experience with pay-for-performance - From concept to practice. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association. 2005, 294: 1788-1793. 10.1001/jama.294.14.1788.
Pedros C, Vallano A, Cereza G, Mendoza-Aran G, Agusti A, Aguilera C, Danes I, Vidal X, Arnau JM: An intervention to improve spontaneous adverse drug reaction reporting by hospital physicians: a time series analysis in Spain. Drug Saf. 2009, 32: 77-83. 10.2165/00002018-200932010-00007.
LeBaron CW, Mercer JT, Massoudi MS, Dini E, Stevenson J, Fischer WM, Loy H, Quick LS, Warming JC, Tormey P, DesVignes-Kendrick M: Changes in clinic vaccination coverage after institution of measurement and feedback in 4 states and 2 cities. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 1999, 153: 879-886.
Grady KE, Lemkau JP, Lee NR, Caddell C: Enhancing mammography referral in primary care. Preventive Medicine. 1997, 26: 791-800. 10.1006/pmed.1997.0219.
Kouides RW, Bennett NM, Lewis B, Cappuccio JD, Barker WH, LaForce FM: Performance-based physician reimbursement and influenza immunization rates in the elderly. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 1998, 14: 89-95. 10.1016/S0749-3797(97)00028-7.
Roski J, Jeddeloh R, An L, Lando H, Hannan P, Hall C, Zhu SH: The impact of financial incentives and a patient registry on preventive care quality: increasing provider adherence to evidence-based smoking cessation practice guidelines. Preventive Medicine. 2003, 36: 291-299. 10.1016/S0091-7435(02)00052-X.
Campbell S, Reeves D, Kontopantelis E, Middleton E, Sibbald B, Roland M: Quality of primary care in England with the introduction of pay for performance. New England Journal of Medicine. 2007, 357: 181-190. 10.1056/NEJMsr065990.
Robinson JC: Theory and practice in the design of physician payment incentives. Milbank Quarterly. 2001, 79: 149-+-10.1111/1468-0009.00202.
Armour BS, Friedman C, Pitts MM, Wike J, Alley L, Etchason J: The influence of year-end bonuses on colorectal cancer screening. Am J Managed Care. 2004, 10: 617-624.
McMenamin SB, Schauffler HH, Shortell SM, Rundall TG, Gillies RR: Support for smoking cessation interventions in physician organizations - Results from a National Study. Medical Care. 2003, 41: 1396-1406. 10.1097/01.MLR.0000100585.27288.CD.
Schmittdiel J, McMenamin SB, Halpin HA, Gillies RR, Bodenheimer T, Shortell SM, Rundall T, Casalino LP: The use of patient and physician reminders for preventive services: results from a National Study of Physician Organizations. Preventive Medicine. 2004, 39: 1000-1006. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.04.005.
Wang YY, O'Donnell CA, Mackay DF, Watt GCM: Practice size and quality attainment under the new GMS contract: a cross-sectional analysis. British Journal of General Practice. 2006, 56: 830-835.
Vina ER, Rhew DC, Weingarten SR, Weingarten JB, Chang JT: Relationship between organizational factors and performance among pay-for-performance hospitals. J Gen Intern Med. 2009, 24: 833-840. 10.1007/s11606-009-0997-6.
Shortell SM, Zazzali JL, Burns LR, Alexander JA, Gillies RR, Budetti PP, Waters TM, Zuckerman HS: Implementing evidence-based medicine - The role of market pressures, compensation incentives, and culture in physician organizations. Medical Care. 2001, 39: I62-I78.
McMenamin SB, Schmittdiel J, Halpin HA, Gillies R, Rundall TG, Shortell SA: Health promotion in physician organizations - Results from a national study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2004, 26: 259-264. 10.1016/j.amepre.2003.12.012.
Mehrotra A, Pearson SD, Coltin KL, Kleinman KP, Singer JA, Rabson B, Schneider EC: The response of physician groups to P4P incentives. Am J Manag Care. 2007, 13: 249-255.
Rittenhouse DR, Robinson JC: Improving quality in Medicaid - The use of care management processes for chronic illness and preventive care. Medical Care. 2006, 44: 47-54. 10.1097/01.mlr.0000188992.48592.cd.
Simon JS, Rundall TG, Shortell SM: Adoption of order entry with decision support for chronic care by physician organizations. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2007, 14: 432-439. 10.1197/jamia.M2271.
Li R, Simon J, Bodenheimer T, Gillies RR, Casalino L, Schmittdiel J, Shortell SM: Organizational factors affecting the adoption of diabetes care management process in physician organizations. Diabetes Care. 2004, 27: 2312-2316. 10.2337/diacare.27.10.2312.
Casalino L, Gillies RR, Shortell SM, Schmittdiel JA, Bodenheimer T, Robinson JC, Rundall T, Oswald N, Schauffler H, Wang MC: External incentives, information technology, and organized processes to improve health care quality for patients with chronic diseases. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association. 2003, 289: 434-441. 10.1001/jama.289.4.434.
Ashworth M, Armstrong D, de Freitas J, Boullier G, Garforth J, Virji A: The relationship between income and performance indicators in general practice: a cross-sectional study. Health Serv Manage Res. 2005, 18: 258-264. 10.1258/095148405774518660.
Averill RF, Vertrees JC, McCullough EC, Hughes JS, Goldfield NI: Redesigning medicare inpatient PPS to adjust payment for post-admission complications. Health Care Financing Review. 2006, 27: 83-93.
Langham S, Gillam S, Thorogood M: The Carrot, the Stick and the General-Practitioner - How Have Changes in Financial Incentives Affected Health Promotion Activity in General-Practice. British Journal of General Practice. 1995, 45: 665-668.
Bhattacharyya T, Mehta P, Freiberg AA: Hospital characteristics associated with success in a pay-for-performance program in orthopaedic surgery. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American Volume. 2008, 90A: 1240-1243. 10.2106/JBJS.G.01172.
Tahrani AA, McCarthy M, Godson J, Taylor S, Slater H, Capps N, Moulik P, Macleod AF: Impact of practice size on delivery of diabetes care before and after the Quality and Outcomes Framework implementation. British Journal of General Practice. 2008, 58: 576-579. 10.3399/bjgp08X319729.
Rosenthal MB, Frank RG: What is the empirical basis for paying for quality in health care?. Medical Care Research and Review. 2006, 63: 135-157. 10.1177/1077558705285291.
Conrad DA, Perry L: Quality-based financial incentives in health care: can we improve quality by paying for it?. Annu Rev Public Health. 2009, 30: 357-371. 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.031308.100243.
Greene SE, Nash DB: Pay for Performance: An Overview of the Literature. Am J Med Qual. 2009
Chung S, Palaniappan LP, Trujillo LM, Rubin HR, Luft HS: Effect of Physician-Specific Pay-for-Performance Incentives in a Large Group Practice. American Journal of Managed Care. 2010, 16: E35-E42.
Chung S, Palaniappan L, Wong E, Rubin H, Luft H: Does the Frequency of Pay-for-Performance Payment Matter?-Experience from a Randomized Trial. Health Services Research. 2010, 45: 553-564. 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2009.01072.x.
Terris DD, Litaker DG: Data quality bias: an underrecognized source of misclassification in pay-for-performance reporting?. Qual Manag Health Care. 2008, 17: 19-26.
Coleman T, Lewis S, Hubbard R, Smith C: Impact of contractual financial incentives on the ascertainment and management of smoking in primary care. Addiction. 2007, 102: 803-808. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01766.x.