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  1. Mandatory generic substitution was introduced in Sweden in October 2002 in order to try to curb escalating pharmaceutical expenditure. The aim of this study was to investigate how sales patterns for substituta...

    Authors: Karolina A Andersson, Max G Petzold, Peter Allebeck and Anders Carlsten
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:50
  2. Delay in cancer diagnosis may be important for cancer prognosis. Large individual variations in the duration of delay have been observed. This study examines whether patients' socioeconomic characteristics are...

    Authors: Rikke Pilegaard Hansen, Frede Olesen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Ineta Sokolowski and Jens Søndergaard
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:49
  3. Maintaining adequately high organ donation rates proves essential to offering patients all appropriate and available treatment options. However, the act of donation is in itself an individual decision that req...

    Authors: Elias Mossialos, Joan Costa-Font and Caroline Rudisill
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:48
  4. As the problem of patient non-adherence persists and a solution appears hard to be found, it continues to be important to look for new ways to further the issue. We recently conducted a meta-review of adherenc...

    Authors: Sandra van Dulmen, Emmy Sluijs, Liset van Dijk, Denise de Ridder, Rob Heerdink and Jozien Bensing
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:47
  5. Non-professional involvement in delivering health and social care support in areas of socio-economic deprivation is considered important in attempting to reduce health inequalities. However, trials of peer men...

    Authors: Christine A Murphy, Margaret E Cupples, Andrew Percy, Henry L Halliday and Moira C Stewart
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:46
  6. In 2000, the national cancer plan for England created 34 cancer networks, new organisational structures to coordinate services across populations varying between a half and three million people. We investigate...

    Authors: Mark McCarthy, Arturo Gonzalez-Izquierdo, Chris Sherlaw-Johnson, Artak Khachatryan, Michel P Coleman and Bernard Rachet
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:45
  7. Primary health care (PHC) clinicians have an important role to play in addressing lifestyle risk factors for chronic diseases. However they intervene only rarely, despite the opportunities that arise within th...

    Authors: Rachel A Laws, Sue E Kirby, Gawaine P Powell Davies, Anna M Williams, Upali W Jayasinghe, Cheryl L Amoroso and Mark F Harris
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:44
  8. The study of Hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSH) has been proposed as an indirect measure of access to and receipt of care by older persons at the entryway to the Spanish public he...

    Authors: Purificacion Magan, Angel Otero, Angel Alberquilla and Jose Manuel Ribera
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:42
  9. According to the provisions of the Health Act 2006, NHS acute Trusts had to become smoke-free by July 2007. Mental health Trusts were granted a further year before all indoor smoking areas have to be removed. ...

    Authors: Elena Ratschen, John Britton and Ann McNeill
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:41
  10. Studies of psychological stress among substance misuse professionals rarely describe the nature of burnout and psychological morbidity. The main aim of this study was to determine the extent, pattern and predi...

    Authors: Adenekan Oyefeso, Carmel Clancy and Roger Farmer
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:39
  11. The scope of optometry differs worldwide. In Norway the vast majority of optometrists perform ophthalmoscopy as part of their routine examinations. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of suspected

    Authors: Vibeke Sundling, Pål Gulbrandsen, Ragnheiður Bragadottir, Leiv S Bakketeig, Jak Jervell and Jørund Straand
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:38
  12. The elderly population consumes a large share of medical resources in the western world. A significant portion of the expense is related to hospitalizations.

    Authors: Roni Peleg, Yan Press, Maya Asher, Tatyana Pugachev, Hadas Glicensztain, Mila Lederman and Aya Biderman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:36
  13. There are few studies comparing pharmaceutical costs and the use of medications between immigrants and the autochthonous population in Spain. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether there are differ...

    Authors: Montserrat Rue, Maria-Catalina Serna, Jorge Soler-Gonzalez, Anna Bosch, Maria-Cristina Ruiz-Magaz and Leonardo Galvan
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:35
  14. For patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) retrieval by surgeons, and assessment by pathologists of at least 12 lymph nodes (LNs) predicts the need for adjuvant treatment and improved survival. Different interv...

    Authors: Anna R Gagliardi, Frances C Wright, Mahmoud A Khalifa and Andrew J Smith
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:34
  15. Diabetes self-management education is a critical component in diabetes care. Despite worldwide efforts to develop efficacious DSME programs, high attrition rates are often reported in clinical practice. The ob...

    Authors: Enza Gucciardi, Margaret DeMelo, Ana Offenheim and Donna E Stewart
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:33
  16. In Spain, there are substantial variations in the utilization of health resources among regions. Because the need for surgery differs in patients with appropriate surgical indication, introducing a prioritizat...

    Authors: Rubén Román, Mercè Comas, Javier Mar, Enrique Bernal, Alberto Jiménez-Puente, Santiago Gutiérrez-Moreno and Xavier Castells
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:32
  17. Indigenous Australians are slightly more than 2% of the total Australian population however, in recent years they have comprised between 6 and 10% of new patients beginning treatment for end-stage kidney disea...

    Authors: Jeannie Devitt, Alan Cass, Joan Cunningham, Cilla Preece, Kate Anderson and Paul Snelling
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:31
  18. Paediatric ENT services in regional areas can be provided through telemedicine (tele-ENT) using videoconferencing or with a conventional outpatient department ENT service (OPD-ENT) in which patients travel to ...

    Authors: Cathy Q Xu, Anthony C Smith, Paul A Scuffham and Richard Wootton
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:30
  19. Utilization is used as the principal marker of theatre performance in the NHS. This study investigated its validity as: a managerial tool, an inter-Trust indicator of efficient theatre use and as a marker of s...

    Authors: Omar Faiz, Paris Tekkis, Alistair Mcguire, Savvas Papagrigoriadis, John Rennie and Andrew Leather
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:28
  20. The State of Victoria in Australia introduced Chinese medicine practitioner registration in 2000 and issued its education guidelines in late 2002 for introduction in 2005. This study obtained practitioners' vi...

    Authors: Charlie C Xue, Wenyu Zhou, Anthony L Zhang, Kenneth Greenwood, Cliff Da Costa, Alex Radloff, Vivian Lin and David F Story
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:27
  21. Prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) is an important part of the effort to control HIV. PMTCT services are mostly provided at public sector government hospitals in India. Systematic data on the c...

    Authors: Lalit Dandona, SG Prem Kumar, YK Ramesh, M Chalapathi Rao, Elliot Marseille, James G Kahn and Rakhi Dandona
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:26
  22. Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Guidelines call for intensified glucose and lipid screening among overweight and obese patients. Data on compliance with thes...

    Authors: Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, John P Forman, Kimberly Lane, Herve Caspard and Matthew W Gillman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:25
  23. Although intra-articular treatment with hyaluronic acid (HA) for symptomatic osteoarthritis has become widely accepted in recent decades, the pattern of its use has seldom been reported. We have explored the e...

    Authors: Hsiu-Yun Lai, Yu-Chun Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Li-Fang Chou, Liang-Kung Chen and Shinn-Jang Hwang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:24
  24. The configuration of rural health services is influenced by geography. Rural health practitioners provide a broader range of services to smaller populations scattered over wider areas or more difficult terrain...

    Authors: Gillian M Swan, Sivasubramaniam Selvaraj and David J Godden
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:23
  25. Little is known on the scope and nature of ethnic inequalities in suboptimal asthma care for children. This study aimed to assess (1) ethnic differences in suboptimal asthma care for children with an asthma ex...

    Authors: JJ Nathalie Urbanus-van Laar, Johan S de Koning, Niek S Klazinga and Karien Stronks
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:22
  26. Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a chronic neurodevelopmental condition that affects 5–6% of children. When not recognized and properly managed during the child's development, DCD can lead to acade...

    Authors: Robin Gaines, Cheryl Missiuna, Mary Egan and Jennifer McLean
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:21
  27. Many countries in middle- and low-income countries today suffer from severe staff shortages and/or maldistribution of health personnel which has been aggravated more recently by the disintegration of health sy...

    Authors: Uta Lehmann, Marjolein Dieleman and Tim Martineau
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:19
  28. HIV counseling and testing is an important intervention in the prevention, control and management of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Counseling and testing can be an entry point for prevention, care an...

    Authors: Bwanali H Jereni and Adamson S Muula
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:17
  29. In pre-school children a diagnosis of asthma is not easily made and only a minority of wheezing children will develop persistent atopic asthma. According to the general consensus a diagnosis of asthma becomes ...

    Authors: Mira GP Zuidgeest, Liset van Dijk, Henriette A Smit, Johannes C van der Wouden, Bert Brunekreef, Hubert GM Leufkens and Madelon Bracke
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:16
  30. Cross-country comparisons of unofficial payments in the health sector are sparse. In 2002 we conducted a social audit of the health sector of the three Baltic States.

    Authors: Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Dawn Caldwell, Steve Mitchell, Deborah Milne, Serge Merhi, Melissa Roche, Elena Konceviciute and Robert J Ledogar
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:15
  31. Due to technological progress and improvements in medical care and health policy the average age of patients in primary care is continuously growing. In equal measure, an increasing proportion of mostly elderl...

    Authors: Gunter Laux, Thomas Kuehlein, Thomas Rosemann and Joachim Szecsenyi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:14
  32. Legal requirements for quality assurance in German rehabilitation hospitals include comparisons of providers. Objective is to describe and to compare outcome quality of care offered by three hospitals providin...

    Authors: Dieter Melchart, Anne Wessel, Ronald Brand, Stefan Hager and Wolfgang Weidenhammer
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:13
  33. The performance of the Charlson and Elixhauser comorbidity measures in predicting patient outcomes have been well validated with ICD-9 data but not with ICD-10 data, especially in disease specific patient coho...

    Authors: Bing Li, Dewey Evans, Peter Faris, Stafford Dean and Hude Quan
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:12
  34. Evidence shows that antibiotics have limited effectiveness in the management of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) yet GPs continue to prescribe antibiotics. Implementation research does not currently pr...

    Authors: Susan Hrisos, Martin Eccles, Marie Johnston, Jill Francis, Eileen FS Kaner, Nick Steen and Jeremy Grimshaw
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:11
  35. Psychological theories of behaviour may provide a framework to guide the design of interventions to change professional behaviour. Behaviour change interventions, designed using psychological theory and target...

    Authors: Susan Hrisos, Martin Eccles, Marie Johnston, Jill Francis, Eileen FS Kaner, Nick Steen and Jeremy Grimshaw
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:10
  36. Many patients at high risk of cardiovascular diseases are managed and monitored in general practice. Recommendations for cardiovascular risk management, including lifestyle change, are clearly described in the...

    Authors: Marije S Koelewijn-van Loon, Ben van Steenkiste, Gaby Ronda, Michel Wensing, Henri E Stoffers, Glyn Elwyn, Richard Grol and Trudy van der Weijden
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:9
  37. The fact that tuberculosis can be treated with the DOTS strategy (Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course) is not enough to control the disease. Patients have to find their way to tuberculosis treatment firs...

    Authors: Augustinus HA ten Asbroek, Merijn W Bijlsma, Puspha Malla, Binjwala Shrestha and Diana MJ Delnoij
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:7
  38. Well established clinical guidelines recommend that systematic ascertainment of smoking status and intervention to promote cessation in all smokers should be a fundamental component of all health care provisio...

    Authors: Rachael L Murray, Tim Coleman, Marilyn Antoniak, Alexia Fergus, John Britton and Sarah A Lewis
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:6
  39. Patient decision aids are increasingly regarded as important components of clinical practice that enable shared decision making (SDM) and evidence based patient choice. Despite broad acceptance of their value,...

    Authors: Duika Burges Watson, Richard G Thomson and Madeleine J Murtagh
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:5
  40. Pressure ulcers are a major problem, especially in nursing home patients, although they are regarded as preventable and there are many pressure relieving methods and materials. One such pressure relieving mate...

    Authors: Patriek Mistiaen, Wilco Achterberg, Andre Ament, Ruud Halfens, Janneke Huizinga, Ken Montgomery, Henri Post and Anneke L Francke
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:4
  41. Rising national cesarean section rates (CSRs) and unexplained inter-hospital differences in CSRs, led national and international bodies to select CSR as a quality indicator. Using hospital discharge abstracts,...

    Authors: Willem Aelvoet, Francis Windey, Geert Molenberghs, Hans Verstraelen, Patrick Van Reempts and Jean-Michel Foidart
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:3
  42. Shared decision-making (SDM) is defined as a process by which a healthcare choice is made by practitioners together with the patient. Although many diagnostic and therapeutic processes in primary care integrat...

    Authors: France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Ian D Graham, Glyn Elwyn, Pierre Pluye, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Dominick Frosch, Margaret B Harrison, Jennifer Kryworuchko, Sophie Pouliot and Sophie Desroches
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:2