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  1. Computed tomography (CT) is a major source of ionizing radiation exposure in medical diagnostic. Compared to adults, children are supposed to be more susceptible to health risks related to radiation. The purpo...

    Authors: Hiltrud Merzenich, Lucian Krille, Gael Hammer, Melanie Kaiser, Shunichi Yamashita and Hajo Zeeb
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:47
  2. In May 2009, the New Zealand government announced a new policy aimed at improving the quality of Emergency Department care and whole hospital performance. Governments have increasingly looked to time targets a...

    Authors: Peter Jones, Linda Chalmers, Susan Wells, Shanthi Ameratunga, Peter Carswell, Toni Ashton, Elana Curtis, Papaarangi Reid, Joanna Stewart, Alana Harper and Tim Tenbensel
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:45
  3. Studies over the past decades have shown an association between nurse staffing and patient outcomes, however, most of these studies were conducted in the West. Accordingly, the purpose of this study aimed to p...

    Authors: Yia-Wun Liang, Wen-Yi Chen, Jwo-Leun Lee and Li-Chi Huang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:44
  4. Care for schizophrenia in low and middle income countries is predominantly facility based and led by specialists, with limited use of non-pharmacological treatments. Although community based psychosocial inter...

    Authors: Madhumitha Balaji, Sudipto Chatterjee, Mirja Koschorke, Thara Rangaswamy, Animish Chavan, Hamid Dabholkar, Lilly Dakshin, Pratheesh Kumar, Sujit John, Graham Thornicroft and Vikram Patel
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:42
  5. Job satisfaction among physicians may be of importance to their individual careers and their work with patients. We lack prospective studies on whether a change in a doctor's job position influences their job ...

    Authors: Ingunn Bjarnadottir Solberg, Karin Isaksson Rø, Olaf Aasland, Tore Gude, Torbjørn Moum, Per Vaglum and Reidar Tyssen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:41
  6. Antenatal Care (ANC) is universally considered important for women and children. This study aims to identify factors, demographic, social and economic, possibly associated with three ANC indicators: number of ...

    Authors: Toan K Tran, Karin Gottvall, Hinh D Nguyen, Henry Ascher and Max Petzold
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:40
  7. Priority setting in population health is increasingly based on explicitly formulated values. The Patients Rights Act of the Norwegian tax-based health service guaranties all citizens health care in case of a s...

    Authors: Thierry Defechereux, Francesco Paolucci, Andrew Mirelman, Sitaporn Youngkong, Grete Botten, Terje P Hagen and Louis W Niessen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:39
  8. Identification of the determinants of access to investigational drugs is important to promote equity and scientific validity in clinical research. We aimed to analyze factors associated with the use of experim...

    Authors: Enrico Girardi, Paola Scognamiglio, Claudio Angeletti, Andrea Gori, Dora Buonfrate, Massimo Arlotti, Giovanni Mazzarello, Antonella Castagna, Massimo Andreoni, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, Andrea Antinori and Giuseppe Ippolito
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:38
  9. Prompt, correct diagnosis and treatment with health information are essential components of reproductive tract infection (RTI) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) services. This study aims to describe car...

    Authors: Ketkesone Phrasisombath, Sarah Thomsen, Vanphanom Sychareun and Elisabeth Faxelid
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:37
  10. The proportion of people in Vietnam who are 60 years and over has increased rapidly. The emigration of young people and impact of other socioeconomic changes leave more elderly on their own and with less famil...

    Authors: Le Van Hoi, Nguyen Thi Kim Tien, Nguyen Van Tien, Dao Van Dung, Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc, Klas Goran Sahlen and Lars Lindholm
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:36
  11. The Disease Burden Morbidity Assessment (DBMA) is a self-report questionnaire used to estimate the disease burden experienced by patients. The aim of this study was to test and to measure the properties of the...

    Authors: Marie-Eve Poitras, Martin Fortin, Catherine Hudon, Jeannie Haggerty and José Almirall
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:35
  12. National screening programs have reduced cervical cancer mortality; however participation in these programs varies according to women's personal and social characteristics. Research into these inequalities has...

    Authors: Sarah C Olesen, Peter Butterworth, Patricia Jacomb and Robert J Tait
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:34
  13. Care of children and young people (children) with long-term kidney conditions is usually managed by multidisciplinary teams. Published guidance recommends that whenever possible children with long-term conditi...

    Authors: Veronica M Swallow, Davina Allen, Julian Williams, Trish Smith, Jean Crosier, Heather Lambert, Leila Qizalbash, Lucy Wirz and Nicholas JA Webb
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:33
  14. The appropriateness and cost-effectiveness of screening mammography (SM) for women younger than 50 and older than 74 years is debated in the clinical research community, among health care providers, and by the...

    Authors: Shagufta Yasmeen, Patrick S Romano, Daniel J Tancredi, Naomi H Saito, Julie Rainwater and Richard L Kravitz
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:32
  15. Highly competitive market in the private hospital industry has caused increasing pressure on them to provide services with higher quality. The aim of this study was to determine the different dimensions of the...

    Authors: Asghar Zarei, Mohammad Arab, Abbas Rahimi Froushani, Arash Rashidian and S Mahmoud Ghazi Tabatabaei
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:31
  16. Since the rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs in sub-Saharan Africa, electronic patient tracking systems (EPTS) have been deployed to respond to the growing demand for program monitoring, e...

    Authors: Barrot H Lambdin, Mark A Micek, Thomas D Koepsell, James P Hughes, Kenneth Sherr, James Pfeiffer, Marina Karagianis, Joseph Lara, Stephen S Gloyd and Andy Stergachis
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:30
  17. Return to work after gynaecological surgery takes much longer than expected, irrespective of the level of invasiveness. In order to empower patients in recovery and return to work, a multidisciplinary care pro...

    Authors: Antonie Vonk Noordegraaf, Judith AF Huirne, Hans AM Brölmann, Mark H Emanuel, Paul JM van Kesteren, Gunilla Kleiverda, Jos P Lips, Alexander Mozes, Andreas L Thurkow, Willem van Mechelen and Johannes R Anema
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:29
  18. There is growing interest in applying lean thinking in healthcare, yet, there is still limited knowledge of how and why lean interventions succeed (or fail). To address this gap, this in-depth case study exami...

    Authors: Pamela Mazzocato, Richard J Holden, Mats Brommels, Håkan Aronsson, Ulrika Bäckman, Mattias Elg and Johan Thor
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:28
  19. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) utilization is common in Asian countries. Limited studies are available on the socioeconomic status (SES) associated with TCM use among the pediatric population. We report on...

    Authors: Chun-Chuan Shih, Chien-Chang Liao, Yi-Chang Su, Tsu F Yeh and Jaung-Geng Lin
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:27
  20. Every two years, long-term care organizations for the elderly are obliged to evaluate and publish the experiences of residents, representatives of psychogeriatric patients, and/or assisted-living clients with ...

    Authors: Marloes Zuidgeest, Diana MJ Delnoij, Katrien G Luijkx, Dolf de Boer and Gert P Westert
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:26
  21. P.Re.Val.E. is the most comprehensive comparative evaluation program of healthcare outcomes in Lazio, an Italian region, and the first Italian study to make health provider performance data available to the pu...

    Authors: Danilo Fusco, Anna P Barone, Chiara Sorge, Mariangela D'Ovidio, Massimo Stafoggia, Adele Lallo, Marina Davoli and Carlo A Perucci
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:25
  22. Socio-economic status is known to influence health throughout life. In childhood, studies have shown increased injury rates in more deprived settings. Socio-economic status may therefore be related to rates of...

    Authors: Mark S Pearce, Jane A Salotti, Kieran McHugh, Kwang Pyo Kim, Alan W Craft, Jay Lubin, Elaine Ron and Louise Parker
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:24
  23. This study examines health-related "hardship financing" in order to get better insights on how poor households finance their out-of-pocket healthcare costs. We define hardship financing as having to borrow mon...

    Authors: Erika Binnendijk, Ruth Koren and David M Dror
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:23
  24. Health information technology can enhance self-management and quality of life for patients with chronic disease and overcome healthcare barriers for patients with limited English proficiency. After a randomize...

    Authors: Neda Ratanawongsa, Margaret A Handley, Judy Quan, Urmimala Sarkar, Kelly Pfeifer, Catalina Soria and Dean Schillinger
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:22
  25. In the majority of China, the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) at the county level provides both clinical and public health care for TB cases, with hospitals and other health facilities referring suspected TB ...

    Authors: Guanyang Zou, Xiaolin Wei, John D Walley, Jia Yin and Qiang Sun
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:21
  26. Global coronary heart disease (CHD) risk assessment is recommended to guide primary preventive pharmacotherapy. However, little is known about physicians' understanding and use of global CHD risk assessment. O...

    Authors: Benjamin Shillinglaw, Anthony J Viera, Teresa Edwards, Ross Simpson and Stacey L Sheridan
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:20
  27. To test the validity and reliability of scales intended to measure activity limitations faced by children with chronic illnesses living in the community. The scales were based on information provided by caregi...

    Authors: Charles D Phillips, Ashweeta Patnaik, Darcy K Moudouni, Emily Naiser, James A Dyer, Catherine Hawes, Constance J Fournier, Thomas R Miller and Timothy R Elliott
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:19
  28. Observational research frequently uses administrative codes for mental health or substance use diagnoses and for important behaviours such as suicide attempts. We sought to validate codes (International Classific...

    Authors: Hyungjin Myra Kim, Eric G Smith, Claire M Stano, Dara Ganoczy, Kara Zivin, Heather Walters and Marcia Valenstein
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:18
  29. Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent chronic condition globally that results in extensive morbidity, decreased quality of life, and increased health services utilization. Lifestyle changes can prevent the developmen...

    Authors: Alex H Cho, Ley A Killeya-Jones, Julianne M O'Daniel, Kensaku Kawamoto, Patrick Gallagher, Susanne Haga, Joseph E Lucas, Gloria M Trujillo, Scott V Joy and Geoffrey S Ginsburg
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:16
  30. While the benefits or otherwise of early hip fracture repair is a long-running controversy with studies showing contradictory results, this practice is being adopted as a quality indicator in several health ca...

    Authors: Julián Librero, Salvador Peiró, Edith Leutscher, Juan Merlo, Enrique Bernal-Delgado, Manuel Ridao, Natalia Martínez-Lizaga and Gabriel Sanfélix-Gimeno
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:15
  31. The literature recognizes a need for greater patient involvement in health technology assessment (HTA), but few studies have been reported, especially at the local level. Following the decentralisation of HTA ...

    Authors: Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Johanne Gagnon, Michèle St-Pierre, François-Pierre Gauvin, Florence Piron, Marc Rhainds, Martin Coulombe, Dolores Lepage-Savary, Marie Desmartis, Mylène Tantchou Dipankui and France Légaré
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:14
  32. HIV voluntary counselling and testing was a key HIV prevention strategy brought to scale by India's National AIDS Control Organization. Condom uptake is an essential metric of intervention impact given the exp...

    Authors: Rebecca Myerson, Susanna M Makela, C Chandrasekhar, Siju Mathew and Sourabh Chakraborty
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:13
  33. The health status of chronic sick ethnic minority children in the Netherlands is unequal compared with indigenous Dutch children. In order to optimize the health care for these children a specific patient-orie...

    Authors: Nordin Dahhan, Dominique Meijssen, Malika Chegary, Diederik Bosman and Bart Wolf
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:12
  34. Handover (or 'handoff') is the exchange of information between health professionals that accompanies the transfer of patient care. This process can result in adverse events. Handover 'best practices', with emp...

    Authors: Roy Ilan, Curtis D LeBaron, Marlys K Christianson, Daren K Heyland, Andrew Day and Michael D Cohen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:11
  35. Primary care practices provide a gate-keeping function in many health care systems. Since depressive disorders are highly prevalent in primary care settings, reliable detection and diagnoses are a first step t...

    Authors: Claudia Sikorski, Melanie Luppa, Hans-Helmut König, Hendrik van den Bussche and Steffi G Riedel-Heller
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:10
  36. Where hard-to-access populations (such as those living in insecure areas) lack access to basic health services, relief agencies, donors, and ministries of health face a dilemma in selecting the most effective ...

    Authors: Catherine Pitt, Bayard Roberts and Francesco Checchi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:9
  37. The aim of this study was to determine the health expenses incurred by families with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those expenses' relation to total household income and expenditures.

    Authors: Jia Wang, Xue Zhou, Wei Xia, Cai-Hong Sun, Li-Jie Wu, Jian-Li Wang and Akemi Tomoda
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:7
  38. Diagnosing tuberculosis in children remains a great challenge in developing countries. Health staff working in the front line of the health service delivery system has a major responsibility for timely identif...

    Authors: Stephanie Bjerrum, Michala V Rose, Ib C Bygbjerg, Sayoki G Mfinanga, Britt P Tersboel and Pernille Ravn
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:6
  39. Aims of the present study are the following: 1. to describe the rationale and methodology of the Services and Health for Elderly in Long TERm care (SHELTER) study, a project funded by the European Union, aimed...

    Authors: Graziano Onder, Iain Carpenter, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Jacob Gindin, Dinnus Frijters, Jean Claude Henrard, Thorsten Nikolaus, Eva Topinkova, Matteo Tosato, Rosa Liperoti, Francesco Landi and Roberto Bernabei
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:5
  40. The productive capacity of retired people is usually not valued. However, some retirees produce much more than we might expect. This diary-based study identifies the activities of older people, and suggests so...

    Authors: Klas-Göran Sahlen, Curt Löfgren, Håkan Brodin, Lars Dahlgren and Lars Lindholm
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:4
  41. The implementation and utilization of programmes for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in most low income countries has been described as sub-optimal. As planners and service provid...

    Authors: Joseph Rujumba, James K Tumwine, Thorkild Tylleskär, Stella Neema and Harald K Heggenhougen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:3
  42. Client-initiated HIV counselling and testing has been scaled up in many African countries, in the form of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT). Test rates have remained low, with HIV-related stigma being an...

    Authors: Marte Jürgensen, Mary Tuba, Knut Fylkesnes and Astrid Blystad
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:2
  43. Patients often express strong preferences for the forms of treatment available for their disease. Incorporating these preferences into the process of treatment decision-making might improve patients' adherence...

    Authors: Nasir Umar, David Litaker, Marthe-Lisa Schaarschmidt, Wiebke K Peitsch, Astrid Schmieder and Darcey D Terris
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:1
  44. The primary behavioural risks for the most common causes of mortality and morbidity in developed countries are tobacco smoking, poor nutrition, risky alcohol use, and physical inactivity. Evidence, guidelines ...

    Authors: Kathleen M McElwaine, Megan Freund, Elizabeth M Campbell, Jenny Knight, Carolyn Slattery, Emma L Doherty, Patrick McElduff, Luke Wolfenden, Jennifer A Bowman, Paula M Wye, Karen E Gillham and John H Wiggers
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:354
  45. Congenital heart disease (CHD) accounts for a major proportion of disease in the pediatric age group. The objective of the study was to estimate the cost of illness associated with CHD pre, intra and postopera...

    Authors: Roheena Z Panni, Awais Ashfaq and Muhammad M Amanullah
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:353
  46. National Health Service (NHS) mental health workforce configuration is at the heart of successful delivery, and providers are advised to produce professional development strategies. Recent policy changes in En...

    Authors: Linda Lang, Sophie Orton, David Sallah, Teresa Hewitt-Moran, Dongmei Zhang, Sean Cullen, Sheila Dixon, Brian Bell, David Bell, Lesley Meeson and Ruoling Chen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:352