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  1. Medical tourism is the term that describes patients’ international travel with the intention of seeking medical treatment. Some medical tourists go abroad for orthopaedic surgeries, including hip and knee resu...

    Authors: Valorie A Crooks, Keri Cameron, Vera Chouinard, Rory Johnston, Jeremy Snyder and Victoria Casey
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:417
  2. Delivering health services to dense populations is more practical than to dispersed populations, other factors constant. This engenders the hypothesis that population density positively affects coverage rates ...

    Authors: Michael Hanlon, Roy Burstein, Samuel H Masters and Raymond Zhang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:416
  3. Although primary health care (PHC) is a key component of all health care systems, services are not always readily available, accessible or affordable. This systematic review examines effective strategies to en...

    Authors: Elizabeth Jean Comino, Gawaine Powell Davies, Yordanka Krastev, Marion Haas, Bettina Christl, John Furler, Anthony Raymont and Mark F Harris
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:415
  4. The transition between acute care and community care represents a vulnerable period in health care delivery. The vulnerability of this period has been attributed to changes to patients’ medication regimens dur...

    Authors: Barbara M Okoniewska, Maria J Santana, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Ward Flemons, Maeve O’Beirne, Deborah White, Fiona Clement, Alan Forster and William A Ghali
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:414
  5. Many health systems in Africa are funded primarily through out-of-pocket payments. Out-of-pocket payments prevent people from seeking care, can result to catastrophic health spending and lead to impoverishment...

    Authors: Jane Chuma and Thomas Maina
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:413
  6. In 2006, the Parliament of Burkina Faso passed a policy to reduce the direct costs of obstetric services and neonatal care in the country’s health centres, aiming to lower the country’s high national maternal ...

    Authors: Amal Ben Ameur, Valéry Ridde, Aristide R Bado, Marie-Gloriose Ingabire and Ludovic Queuille
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:412
  7. The ‘Doctors to the Barrios’ (DTTB) Program was launched in 1993 in response to the shortage of doctors in remote communities in the Philippines. While the Program has attracted physicians to work in such area...

    Authors: Juan Alfonso Leonardia, Helen Prytherch, Kenneth Ronquillo, Rodel G Nodora and Andreas Ruppel
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:411
  8. Elderly patients are potentially more vulnerable to prolonged hospital stay as they frequently require additional resources to facilitate their discharge. In an acute hospital setting, we aimed to quantify and...

    Authors: Muhammad Umair Majeed, Dean Thomas Williams, Rachel Pollock, Farhat Amir, Martin Liam, Keen S Foong and Chris J Whitaker
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:410
  9. While more and more West African countries are implementing public user fees exemption policies, there is still little knowledge available on this topic. The long time required for scientific production, combi...

    Authors: Valéry Ridde, Ludovic Queuille, Yamba Kafando and Émilie Robert
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:409
  10. There are concerns that proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are being over prescribed in both primary and secondary care. This study aims to establish potential cost savings in a community drug scheme for a one year ...

    Authors: Caitriona Cahir, Tom Fahey, Lesley Tilson, Conor Teljeur and Kathleen Bennett
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:408
  11. There are no empirically-grounded criteria or tools to define or benchmark the quality of outpatient clinical documentation. Outpatient clinical notes document care, communicate treatment plans and support pat...

    Authors: Janice L Hanson, Mark B Stephens, Louis N Pangaro and Ronald W Gimbel
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:407
  12. The increasing prevalence of multiple chronic conditions has accentuated the importance of coordinating and integrating health care services. Patients with better continuity of care (COC) have a lower utilizat...

    Authors: Chien-Lung Chan, Huey-Jen You, Hsin-Tsung Huang and Hsien-Wei Ting
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:405
  13. Population based studies show that guidelines are underused. Surveys of international guideline developers found that many do not implement their guidelines. The purpose of this research was to interview guide...

    Authors: Anna R Gagliardi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:404
  14. To investigate organisational factors influencing the implementation challenges of redesigning services for people with long term conditions in three locations in England, using remote care (telehealth and tel...

    Authors: Jane Hendy, Theopisti Chrysanthaki, James Barlow, Martin Knapp, Anne Rogers, Caroline Sanders, Peter Bower, Robert Bowen, Ray Fitzpatrick, Martin Bardsley and Stanton Newman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:403
  15. Despite numerous studies evaluating the benefits of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) in primary scene responses, little information exists on the scope of HEMS activities in Australia. We describe ...

    Authors: Colman B Taylor, Bette Liu, Eleanor Bruce, Brian Burns, Stephen Jan and John Myburgh
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:402
  16. The optimal setting and content of primary health care rehabilitation of older people is not known. Our aim was to study independence, institutionalization, death and treatment costs 18 months after primary ca...

    Authors: Inger Johansen, Morten Lindbak, Johan K Stanghelle and Mette Brekke
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:400
  17. The search for a reliable, valid and cost-effective comorbidity risk adjustment method for outcomes research continues to be a challenge. The most widely used tool, the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) is limi...

    Authors: Adesuwa B Olomu, William D Corser, Manfred Stommel, Yan Xie and Margaret Holmes-Rovner
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:398
  18. Studies that compare Indigenous Australian and non-Indigenous patients who experience a cardiac event or chest pain are inconclusive about the reasons for the differences in-hospital and survival rates. The ad...

    Authors: Yvette L Roe, Christopher J Zeitz and Bronwyn Fredericks
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:397
  19. To reduce avoidable hospital readmissions, effective discharge planning and appropriate post discharge support care are key requirements. This study is a 3-staged process to develop, pretest and pilot a framew...

    Authors: Carrie HK Yam, Eliza LY Wong, Annie WL Cheung, Frank WK Chan, Fiona YY Wong and Eng-kiong Yeoh
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:396
  20. Case management has been applied in community aged care to meet frail older people’s holistic needs and promote cost-effectiveness. This systematic review aims to evaluate the effects of case management in com...

    Authors: Emily Chuanmei You, David Dunt, Colleen Doyle and Arthur Hsueh
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:395
  21. While translation of evidence into health policy and practice is recognised as critical to optimising health system performance and health-related outcomes for consumers, mechanisms to effectively achieve thes...

    Authors: Andrew M Briggs, Peter Bragge, Helen Slater, Madelynn Chan and Simon CB Towler
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:394
  22. Over the past few decades, in OECD countries there has been a general growing trend in the prevalence of out-of-hospital healthcare services, but there is a general lack of data on the use of these services.

    Authors: Francesco Longo, Domenico Salvatore and Stefano Tasselli
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:393
  23. Primary care records from the UK have frequently been used to identify episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in studies of drug toxicity because of their comprehensive population coverage and longitudina...

    Authors: Colin John Crooks, Timothy Richard Card and Joe West
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:392
  24. Although oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) are an essential element of therapy for the management of type 2 diabetes, OHA adherence is often suboptimal. Pharmacists are increasingly being integrated into primary...

    Authors: Beverly Mielke Kocarnik, Chuan-Fen Liu, Edwin S Wong, Mark Perkins, Matthew L Maciejewski, Elizabeth M Yano, David H Au, John D Piette and Chris L Bryson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:391
  25. Healthcare obtained abroad may conflict with care received in the country of residence. A special concern for immigrants has been raised as they may have stronger links to healthcare services abroad. Our objec...

    Authors: Signe Smith Nielsen, Suzan Yazici, Signe Gronwald Petersen, Anne Leonora Blaakilde and Allan Krasnik
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:390
  26. With regards to equity, the objective for health care systems is “equal access for equal needs”. We examined associations of predisposing, enabling and need factors with health facility utilization in areas wi...

    Authors: Cosmas Zyaambo, Seter Siziya and Knut Fylkesnes
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:389
  27. The roles of pharmacists have evolved from product oriented, dispensing of medications to more patient-focused services such as the provision of pharmaceutical care. Such pharmacy service is also becoming more...

    Authors: Siew Siang Chua, Li Ching Kok, Faridah Aryani Md Yusof, Guang Hui Tang, Shaun Wen Huey Lee, Benny Efendie and Thomas Paraidathathu
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:388
  28. Monitoring treatment patterns is crucial to improving cancer patient care. Our aim was to determine the accuracy of linked routinely collected administrative health data for monitoring colorectal and lung canc...

    Authors: David E Goldsbury, Katie Armstrong, Leonardo Simonella, Bruce K Armstrong and Dianne L O’Connell
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:387
  29. Streptococcus pneumoniae infections, which place a considerable burden on healthcare resources, can be reduced in a cost-effective manner using a 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV-7). We compare the c...

    Authors: Mustafa Bakır, Özden Türel and Oleksandr Topachevskyi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:386
  30. Several rescue therapies have been used in patients with lamivudine (LAM)-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB); however, the economic outcome of these therapies is unclear. The object of the current analysis wa...

    Authors: Bin Wu, Jinfang Shen and Huafeng Cheng
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:385
  31. Hospital performance is being benchmarked increasingly against surgical indicators such as 30-day mortality, length-of-stay, survival and post-surgery complication rates. The aim of this paper was to examine o...

    Authors: Efty P Stavrou, Robyn Ward and Sallie-Anne Pearson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:384
  32. Borrowing money is a common strategy to cope with health care costs. The impact of borrowing on households can be severe, leading to indebtedness and further impoverishment. However, the available literature o...

    Authors: Por Ir, Bart Jacobs, Bruno Meessen and Wim Van Damme
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:383
  33. As many countries face primary care medical workforce shortages and find it difficult to provide timely and affordable care they seek to find new ways of delivering first point of contact health care through d...

    Authors: Rhian M Parker, Jane L Desborough and Laura E Forrest
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:382
  34. By measuring the quality of the organisation of palliative care with process and structure quality indicators (QIs), patients, caregivers and policy makers are able to monitor to what extent recommendations ar...

    Authors: Kathrin Woitha, Karen Van Beek, Nisar Ahmed, Jeroen Hasselaar, Jean-Marc Mollard, Isabelle Colombet, Lukas Radbruch, Kris Vissers and Yvonne Engels
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:381
  35. Routinely collected data such as hospital morbidity data (HMD) are increasingly used in studying clinical outcomes among patients undergoing total joint replacement (TJR). These data are readily available and ...

    Authors: George Mnatzaganian, Philip Ryan, Paul E Norman, David C Davidson and Janet E Hiller
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:380
  36. Adults with certain comorbid conditions have a higher risk of pneumonia than the overall population. If treatment of pneumonia is more costly in certain predictable situations, this would affect the value prop...

    Authors: Daniel Polsky, Machaon Bonafede and Jose A Suaya
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:379
  37. Public reporting of hospital quality is to enable providers, patients and the public to make comparisons regarding the quality of care and thus contribute to informed decisions. It stimulates quality improveme...

    Authors: Silke Auras, Werner de Cruppé, Karl Blum and Max Geraedts
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:378
  38. Information about how long people stay in care homes is needed to plan services, as length of stay is a determinant of future demand for care. As length of stay is proportional to cost, estimates are also need...

    Authors: Adam Steventon and Adam Roberts
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:377
  39. Liver cancer is a complex and burdensome disease, with Asia accounting for 75% of known cases. Comprehensive cancer control requires the use of multiple strategies, but various stakeholders may have different ...

    Authors: John FP Bridges, Liming Dong, Gisselle Gallego, Barri M Blauvelt, Susan M Joy and Timothy M Pawlik
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:376
  40. The decision to grant a disability pension is usually the end of a long process of medical examinations, treatment and rehabilitation attempts. This study investigates to what extent the time spent on rehabili...

    Authors: Morten Støver, Kristine Pape, Roar Johnsen, Nils Fleten, Erik R Sund, Bjørgulf Claussen, Solveig Osborg Ose and Johan Håkon Bjørngaard
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:375
  41. The present study protocol describes the trial design of a clinician training intervention to improve physical activity counseling in underserved primary care settings using the 5As. The 5As (Ask, Advise, Agre...

    Authors: Jennifer K Carroll, Kevin Fiscella, Ronald M Epstein, Mechelle R Sanders and Geoffrey C Williams
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:374
  42. The continued increase in hospital admissions is a significant and complex issue facing health services. There is little research exploring patient perspectives or examining individual admissions among patient...

    Authors: Jo M Longman, Margaret I Rolfe, Megan D Passey, Kathy E Heathcote, Dan P Ewald, Therese Dunn, Lesley M Barclay and Geoffrey G Morgan
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:373
  43. Stroke is one of the most relevant reasons of death and disability worldwide. Many cost of illness studies have been performed to evaluate direct and indirect costs of ischaemic stroke, especially within the f...

    Authors: Edo Bottacchi, Giovanni Corso, Piera Tosi, Massimo Veronese Morosini, Giuseppe De Filippis, Laura Santoni, Gianluca Furneri and Cristina Negrini
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:372
  44. The incidence of mandibular fractures in the Northern Territory of Australia is very high, especially among Indigenous people. Alcohol intoxication is implicated in the majority of facial injuries, and substan...

    Authors: Rama Jayaraj, Mahiban Thomas, David Kavanagh, Peter d’Abbs, Luke Mayo, Valerie Thomson, Carolyn Griffin and Tricia Nagel
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:371