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  1. Over the past few decades, in OECD countries there has been a general growing trend in the prevalence of out-of-hospital healthcare services, but there is a general lack of data on the use of these services.

    Authors: Francesco Longo, Domenico Salvatore and Stefano Tasselli
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:393
  2. Primary care records from the UK have frequently been used to identify episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in studies of drug toxicity because of their comprehensive population coverage and longitudina...

    Authors: Colin John Crooks, Timothy Richard Card and Joe West
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:392
  3. Although oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) are an essential element of therapy for the management of type 2 diabetes, OHA adherence is often suboptimal. Pharmacists are increasingly being integrated into primary...

    Authors: Beverly Mielke Kocarnik, Chuan-Fen Liu, Edwin S Wong, Mark Perkins, Matthew L Maciejewski, Elizabeth M Yano, David H Au, John D Piette and Chris L Bryson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:391
  4. Healthcare obtained abroad may conflict with care received in the country of residence. A special concern for immigrants has been raised as they may have stronger links to healthcare services abroad. Our objec...

    Authors: Signe Smith Nielsen, Suzan Yazici, Signe Gronwald Petersen, Anne Leonora Blaakilde and Allan Krasnik
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:390
  5. With regards to equity, the objective for health care systems is “equal access for equal needs”. We examined associations of predisposing, enabling and need factors with health facility utilization in areas wi...

    Authors: Cosmas Zyaambo, Seter Siziya and Knut Fylkesnes
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:389
  6. The roles of pharmacists have evolved from product oriented, dispensing of medications to more patient-focused services such as the provision of pharmaceutical care. Such pharmacy service is also becoming more...

    Authors: Siew Siang Chua, Li Ching Kok, Faridah Aryani Md Yusof, Guang Hui Tang, Shaun Wen Huey Lee, Benny Efendie and Thomas Paraidathathu
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:388
  7. Monitoring treatment patterns is crucial to improving cancer patient care. Our aim was to determine the accuracy of linked routinely collected administrative health data for monitoring colorectal and lung canc...

    Authors: David E Goldsbury, Katie Armstrong, Leonardo Simonella, Bruce K Armstrong and Dianne L O’Connell
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:387
  8. Streptococcus pneumoniae infections, which place a considerable burden on healthcare resources, can be reduced in a cost-effective manner using a 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV-7). We compare the c...

    Authors: Mustafa Bakır, Özden Türel and Oleksandr Topachevskyi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:386
  9. Several rescue therapies have been used in patients with lamivudine (LAM)-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB); however, the economic outcome of these therapies is unclear. The object of the current analysis wa...

    Authors: Bin Wu, Jinfang Shen and Huafeng Cheng
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:385
  10. Hospital performance is being benchmarked increasingly against surgical indicators such as 30-day mortality, length-of-stay, survival and post-surgery complication rates. The aim of this paper was to examine o...

    Authors: Efty P Stavrou, Robyn Ward and Sallie-Anne Pearson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:384
  11. Borrowing money is a common strategy to cope with health care costs. The impact of borrowing on households can be severe, leading to indebtedness and further impoverishment. However, the available literature o...

    Authors: Por Ir, Bart Jacobs, Bruno Meessen and Wim Van Damme
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:383
  12. As many countries face primary care medical workforce shortages and find it difficult to provide timely and affordable care they seek to find new ways of delivering first point of contact health care through d...

    Authors: Rhian M Parker, Jane L Desborough and Laura E Forrest
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:382
  13. By measuring the quality of the organisation of palliative care with process and structure quality indicators (QIs), patients, caregivers and policy makers are able to monitor to what extent recommendations ar...

    Authors: Kathrin Woitha, Karen Van Beek, Nisar Ahmed, Jeroen Hasselaar, Jean-Marc Mollard, Isabelle Colombet, Lukas Radbruch, Kris Vissers and Yvonne Engels
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:381
  14. Routinely collected data such as hospital morbidity data (HMD) are increasingly used in studying clinical outcomes among patients undergoing total joint replacement (TJR). These data are readily available and ...

    Authors: George Mnatzaganian, Philip Ryan, Paul E Norman, David C Davidson and Janet E Hiller
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:380
  15. Adults with certain comorbid conditions have a higher risk of pneumonia than the overall population. If treatment of pneumonia is more costly in certain predictable situations, this would affect the value prop...

    Authors: Daniel Polsky, Machaon Bonafede and Jose A Suaya
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:379
  16. Public reporting of hospital quality is to enable providers, patients and the public to make comparisons regarding the quality of care and thus contribute to informed decisions. It stimulates quality improveme...

    Authors: Silke Auras, Werner de Cruppé, Karl Blum and Max Geraedts
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:378
  17. Information about how long people stay in care homes is needed to plan services, as length of stay is a determinant of future demand for care. As length of stay is proportional to cost, estimates are also need...

    Authors: Adam Steventon and Adam Roberts
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:377
  18. Liver cancer is a complex and burdensome disease, with Asia accounting for 75% of known cases. Comprehensive cancer control requires the use of multiple strategies, but various stakeholders may have different ...

    Authors: John FP Bridges, Liming Dong, Gisselle Gallego, Barri M Blauvelt, Susan M Joy and Timothy M Pawlik
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:376
  19. The decision to grant a disability pension is usually the end of a long process of medical examinations, treatment and rehabilitation attempts. This study investigates to what extent the time spent on rehabili...

    Authors: Morten Støver, Kristine Pape, Roar Johnsen, Nils Fleten, Erik R Sund, Bjørgulf Claussen, Solveig Osborg Ose and Johan Håkon Bjørngaard
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:375
  20. The present study protocol describes the trial design of a clinician training intervention to improve physical activity counseling in underserved primary care settings using the 5As. The 5As (Ask, Advise, Agre...

    Authors: Jennifer K Carroll, Kevin Fiscella, Ronald M Epstein, Mechelle R Sanders and Geoffrey C Williams
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:374
  21. The continued increase in hospital admissions is a significant and complex issue facing health services. There is little research exploring patient perspectives or examining individual admissions among patient...

    Authors: Jo M Longman, Margaret I Rolfe, Megan D Passey, Kathy E Heathcote, Dan P Ewald, Therese Dunn, Lesley M Barclay and Geoffrey G Morgan
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:373
  22. Stroke is one of the most relevant reasons of death and disability worldwide. Many cost of illness studies have been performed to evaluate direct and indirect costs of ischaemic stroke, especially within the f...

    Authors: Edo Bottacchi, Giovanni Corso, Piera Tosi, Massimo Veronese Morosini, Giuseppe De Filippis, Laura Santoni, Gianluca Furneri and Cristina Negrini
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:372
  23. The incidence of mandibular fractures in the Northern Territory of Australia is very high, especially among Indigenous people. Alcohol intoxication is implicated in the majority of facial injuries, and substan...

    Authors: Rama Jayaraj, Mahiban Thomas, David Kavanagh, Peter d’Abbs, Luke Mayo, Valerie Thomson, Carolyn Griffin and Tricia Nagel
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:371
  24. Mapping patient and work flow and cost analysis studies can help determine the most efficient and cost effective way of providing health services while still maintaining the best standards of care. This study ...

    Authors: Gayle A Shinder, Pierre Emmanuel Paradis, Marianne Posman, Natalia Mishagina, Marie-Pascale Guay, Dina Linardos and Gerald Batist
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:370
  25. Australian federal and jurisdictional governments are implementing ambitious policy initiatives intended to improve health care access and outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. In this qua...

    Authors: David Peiris, Alex Brown, Michael Howard, Bernadette A Rickards, Andrew Tonkin, Ian Ring, Noel Hayman and Alan Cass
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:369
  26. Health authorities in several countries have decided that the health care services should be evidence-based. Recent research indicates that evidence-based practice may be more successfully implemented if the i...

    Authors: Anne Dalheim, Stig Harthug, Roy M Nilsen and Monica W Nortvedt
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:367
  27. Primary care medical homes may improve health outcomes for children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN), by improving care coordination. However, community-based primary care practices may be challenged to d...

    Authors: Eyal Cohen, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Karen Spalding, Jennifer MacInnis, David Nicholas, Unni G Narayanan, Michelle Gordon, Ivor Margolis and Jeremy N Friedman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:366
  28. Chronic diseases are an increasing threat to people’s health and to the sustainability of health organisations. Despite the need for routine monitoring systems to assess the impact of chronicity in the populat...

    Authors: Juan F Orueta, Roberto Nuño-Solinis, Maider Mateos, Itziar Vergara, Gonzalo Grandes and Santiago Esnaola
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:365
  29. Mortality is a widely used, but often criticised, quality indicator for hospitals. In many countries, mortality is calculated from in-hospital deaths, due to limited access to follow-up data on patients transf...

    Authors: Doris T Kristoffersen, Jon Helgeland, Jocelyne Clench-Aas, Petter Laake and Marit B Veierød
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:364
  30. Many psychiatrists are involved in sickness certification of their patients; however, there is very limited knowledge about this aspect of their work. The objective of this study was to explore frequencies of ...

    Authors: Gunnar H Nilsson, Britt Arrelöv, Christina Lindholm, Therese Ljungquist, Linnea Kjeldgård and Kristina Alexanderson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:362
  31. To reduce inappropriate admissions and stays with the application of an improvement cycle in patients admitted to a University Hospital. The secondary objective is to analyze the hospital cost saved by reducin...

    Authors: Víctor Soria-Aledo, Andrés Carrillo-Alcaraz, Benito Flores-Pastor, Alfredo Moreno-Egea, Milagros Carrasco-Prats and José Luis Aguayo-Albasini
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:361
  32. Few studies have examined the longitudinal changes in the patterns, selection, and utilization of treatments for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in routine clinical practice since the introduction of imatinib. ...

    Authors: Chao-Sung Chang, Yi-Hsin Yang, Chien-Ning Hsu and Min-Ting Lin
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:359
  33. Validation of administrative data is important to assess potential sources of bias in outcome evaluation and to prevent dissemination of misleading or inaccurate information. The purpose of the study was to de...

    Authors: Xue Li, Robert Hilsden, Shakhawat Hossain, John Fleming and Marcy Winget
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:358
  34. Coordinated, interdisciplinary services, supported by self-management underpin effective management for chronic low back pain (CLBP). However, a combination of system, provider and consumer-based barriers exis...

    Authors: Andrew M Briggs, Helen Slater, Samantha Bunzli, Joanne E Jordan, Stephanie J Davies, Anne J Smith and John L Quintner
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:357
  35. Fibromyalgia (FM) is a condition characterized by widespread pain and is estimated to affect 0.5-5% of the general population. Historically, it has been classified as a rheumatologic disorder, but patients con...

    Authors: Serge Perrot, Ernest Choy, Danielle Petersel, Anna Ginovker and Erich Kramer
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:356
  36. The AGnES-concept (AGnES: GP-supporting, community-based, e-health-assisted, systemic intervention) was developed to support general practitioners (GPs) in undersupplied regions. The project aims to delegate G...

    Authors: Neeltje van den Berg, Romy Heymann, Claudia Meinke, Sebastian E Baumeister, Steffen Fleßa and Wolfgang Hoffmann
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:355
  37. People with dementia and their family carers need to be able to access formal services in the community to help maintain their wellbeing and independence. While knowing about and navigating one’s way through s...

    Authors: Christopher Shanley, Desiree Boughtwood, Jon Adams, Yvonne Santalucia, Helena Kyriazopoulos, Dimity Pond and Jeffrey Rowland
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:354
  38. Over the past years, the incidence of colorectal cancer has been increasing among young adults. A large percentage of these patients live at least 5 years after diagnosis, but it is unknown whether their rate ...

    Authors: Rinku Sutradhar, Shawn Forbes, David R Urbach, Lawrence Paszat, Linda Rabeneck and Nancy N Baxter
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:353
  39. Community health workers are widely used to provide care for a broad range of health issues. Since 2003 the government of Ethiopia has been deploying specially trained new cadres of community based health work...

    Authors: Araya Medhanyie, Mark Spigt, Yohannes Kifle, Nikki Schaay, David Sanders, Roman Blanco, Dinant GeertJan and Yemane Berhane
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:352
  40. A significant minority of patients do not receive all the evidence-based care recommended for their conditions. Health care quality may be improved by reducing this observed variation. Composite measures offer...

    Authors: Carl de Wet, John McKay and Paul Bowie
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:351
  41. There is a need for an adherence measure, to monitor adherence services in clinical practice, which can distinguish between different types of non-adherence and measure changes over time. In order to be inclus...

    Authors: Sara Garfield, Lina Eliasson, Sarah Clifford, Alan Willson and Nick Barber
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:350
  42. Health information technology, particularly electronic decision support systems, can reduce the existing gap between evidence-based knowledge and health care practice but professionals have to accept and use t...

    Authors: Tiina Kortteisto, Jorma Komulainen, Marjukka Mäkelä, Ilkka Kunnamo and Minna Kaila
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:349
  43. The main aim was to investigate the effect of using two brief feedback scales in mental health out-patient treatment six weeks after starting treatment, compared to treatment as usual. Hypotheses were that use...

    Authors: Marit By Rise, Lasse Eriksen, Hilde Grimstad and Aslak Steinsbekk
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:348
  44. Patient surveys constitute a valuable source of information in patient-focused health care. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a standardized, patient centered, quantitative instrument to ...

    Authors: Eva Maria Bitzer, Stephanie Volkmer, Marco Petrucci, Nikolaus Weissenrieder and Marie-Luise Dierks
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:347
  45. Venous leg ulcers, affecting approximately 1% of the population, are costly to manage due to poor healing and high recurrence rates. We evaluated an evidence-informed leg ulcer care protocol with two frequentl...

    Authors: Ba' Pham, Margaret B Harrison, Maggie H Chen and Meg E Carley
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:346
  46. The literature on interventions addressing the intersection of homelessness, mental illness and race is scant. The At Home/Chez Soi research demonstration project is a pragmatic field trial investigating a Hou...

    Authors: Vicky Stergiopoulos, Patricia O’Campo, Agnes Gozdzik, Jeyagobi Jeyaratnam, Simon Corneau, Aseefa Sarang and Stephen W Hwang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:345
  47. Although the negative health consequences of the exposure to second hand tobacco smoke during childhood are already known, evidence on the economic consequences is still rare. The aim of this study was to esti...

    Authors: Ariane Batscheider, Sylwia Zakrzewska, Joachim Heinrich, Christina M Teuner, Petra Menn, Carl Peter Bauer, Ute Hoffmann, Sibylle Koletzko, Irina Lehmann, Olf Herbarth, Andrea von Berg, Dietrich Berdel, Ursula Krämer, Beate Schaaf, H-Erich Wichmann and Reiner Leidl
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:344