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Table 2 Three most common diagnoses and treatments for each medical specialty

From: Medical aid to war victims in Syria in 2019: a report of organized healthcare support from a charity organization

Medical specialty Three most common diagnoses, number (percent in specialty) Three most common treatment descriptions, number (percent in specialty)
Cardiology
n = 184
Angina pectoris, 121 (65.8%)
Myocardial infarction, 23 (12.5%)
Cardiac problems, 10 (5.4%)
Surgery to install cardiac catheter and drug eluted cardiac stent, 67 (36.4%)
Surgery to install cardiac catheter, 38 (20.7%)
Cardiac catherization percutaneous coronary intervention, 28 (15.2%)
Internal medicine
n = 1859
The patient is suffering from: hypertension, high cholesterol, 518, (27.9%)
The patient is suffering from: hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, 157 (8.4%)
The patient is suffering from: hypertension, 110 (5.9%)
Medications, 1683 (90.5%)
Hospital admission, 88 (4.7%)
Lab analysis, 27 (1.5%)
Neurology
n = 139
The patient is suffering from: Epilepsy, 51 (36.7%)
The patient is suffering from a stroke, 7 (5%)
The patient is suffering from cerebral palsy, 5 (3.6%)
Medications, 83 (59.7%)
MRI, 14 (10.1%%)
Physical therapy, 11 (7.9%)
Neurosurgery
n = 39
The patient is suffering from problems with spinal vertebrae, 20 (51.3%)
Basocervical fracture, 3 (7.7%)
Brain tumor, 3 (7.7%)
Surgery of resection the tumor, 5 (12.8%)
Anchorage, 4 (10.3%)
MRI, 3 (7.7%)
Obstetrics and gynecology
n = 236
The patient nine months pregnant, 125 (53.0%)
Breast Cancer Awareness, 24 (10.2%)
Cesarean section, 20 (8.5%)
Cesarean section, 154 (65.3%)
Hysterectomy surgery, 27 (11.4%)
Knowledge ways to detect breast Cancer, 24 (10.2%)
Oncology
n = 97
The patient is suffering from breast cancer, 21 (21.6%)
The patient is suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia, 15 (15.4%)
The patient is suffering from breast tumor, 11 (11.34%)
Medications, 35 (36.1%)
Surgery of resection the tumor, 9 (9.3%)
Mastectomy, 9 (9.3%)
Ophthalmology
n = 181
The patient is suffering from cataract, 99 (54.7%)
The patient is suffering from myopia, 22 (12.2%)
The patient is suffering from retinopathy, 7 (3.9%)
Surgery of phaco and intra ocular lens, 91 (50.3%)
Medications, 42 (23.2%)
Medical glasses, 25 (13.8%)
Orthopedics
n = 172
The patient is suffering from a broken femoral bone, 23 (13.4%)
The patient is suffering from a broken leg, 13 (7.6%)
The patient is suffering from degenerative joint, 13 (7.6%)
Medications, 66 (38.4%)
Open reduction internal fixation surgery, 22 (12.8%)
Surgery for internal bone fixation with rods implants, 18 (10.5%)
Otorhinolaryngology
n = 78
The patient is suffering from tonsillitis, 16 (20.5%)
The patient is suffering from deviated nasal septum, 12 (15.4%)
The patient is suffering from hearing deficiency, 9 (11.5%)
Tonsillectomy, 21 (26.9%)
Nasal septal deviation surgery, 12 (15.4%)
Medical earphone, 7 (9.0%)
Pediatrics
n = 14
The patient is suffering from growth deficiency, 4 (28.6%)
The newborn baby is suffering from hypoxia, 2 (14.3%)
/all other were singular/
Hospitalization and incubator, 8 (57.1%)
Lab analysis, 2 (14.3%)
Medications, 2 (14.3%)
Psychiatry
n = 22
The patient is suffering from: depression, 8 (36.3%)
The patient is suffering from: depression, insomnia, 3 (13.6%)
The patient is suffering from: ADHD, 2 (9.1%)
Medications, 21 (95.4%)
Electroconvulsive therapy, 1 (4.6%)
/no other options/
Public health
n = 526
Children with a disability (as a result of war or a congenital disability) at home pose a major challenge for their parents, on the one hand they accept the condition of their children, and society accepts them, 136 (25.9%)
We have some cases of violent behaviors, sometimes expressed by beating, the reason is what they have experienced during the war., 93 (17.7%)
Spreading the message of peace between volunteers of the association by participating in painting and coloring on the walls, 50 (9.5%)
The program helps parents to accept their handicapped child at home and to be freed from the estimation of community and not feeling ashamed showing him/her, offering educational courses and awareness sessions, which help them deal with their child at home. 183 (34.8%)
Individual and collective sessions were done to children through some meaningful activities, games, plays, music and free drawing which help children discharge their energy., 93 (17.7%)
Volunteers implement the activity by drawing on the garden walls reflecting the association values. 50 (9.5%)
Radiology
n = 8
Carcinoma, 3 (37.5%)
PET scan, 2 (25%)
/all other were singular/
CT scan, 6 (75%)
PET scan, 2 (25%)
/no other options/
Surgery
n = 280
Inguinal hernia, 30 (10.7%)
The patient is suffering from acute cholecystitis, 21 (7.5%)
The patient is suffering from biliary inflammation, 17 (6.1%)
Inguinal hernia repair surgery, 25 (8.9%)
Cholecystectomy, 25 (8.9%)
Lithotripsy, 21 (7.5%)
  1. Responses are presented as they appeared in the database. In certain cases, there were only two types of descriptions for the whole specialty. In some cases, only two types of descriptions were multiple occurrences, while all others were single instances. In those two scenarios, only two answers are provided
  2. ADHD Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, CT Computed tomography, MRI Magnetic resonance imaging, PET Positron emission tomography