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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population, by intervention versus non-intervention municipalities and by participants receiving versus not receiving motivational counselling in intervention municipalities

From: Non-communicable disease prevention in Kosovo: quantitative and qualitative assessment of uptake and barriers of an intervention for healthier lifestyles in primary healthcare

Characteristics 5 Intervention Municipalities
(n = 364)
7 Non-Intervention Municipalities
(n = 543)
Received ≥ 1 motivational counselling
n (%)
80 (22.0)
Did not receive motivational counselling
n (%)
284 (78.0)
n (%)
543 (100.0%)
Sex
 Male 28 (35.0) 123 (43.3) 222 (40.8)
 Female 52 (65.0) 161 (56.7) 321 (59.1)
Age
 Average 63.5 (SD = 6.9) 60.4 (SD = 9.0) 59.8 (SD = 9.4)
Residence
 Urban 60 (75.0) 150 (52.8) 183 (33.7)
 Rural 20 (25.0) 134 (47.2) 360 (66.3)
Marital status
 Never married 1 (1.3) 2 (0.7) 8 (1.5)
 Currently married 54 (67.5) 230 (81.0) 453 (83.4)
 Separated 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (0.9)
 Divorced 0 (0.0) 4 (1.4) 4 (0.7)
 Widow (er) 25 (31.2) 48 (16.9) 73 (13.4)
Education
 Primary school 48 (60.0) 187 (65.9) 336 (61.9)
 Secondary school 30 (37.5) 83 (29.2) 166 (30.6)
 College/University 2 (2.5) 14 (4.9) 41 (7.6)
Work status
 Working 8 (10.0) 49 (17.2) 99 (18.2)
 House person 20 (25.0) 145 (51.1) 266 (49.0)
 Retired or disabled 51 (63.8) 85 (29.9) 152 (28.0)
 Unemployed 1 (1.2) 5 (1.8) 26 (4.8)
Ethnicity
 Albanian 75 (93.7) 267 (94.0) 486 (89.5)
 Serbian 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 47 (8.6)
 Roma, Ashkali, Egyptian, Other 5 (6.25) 17 (5.9) 10 (1.8)
Doctors diagnosed diabetesc
 Yesa 73 (91.2) 153 (53.8) 297 (54.7)
 No 7 (8.7) 131 (46.1) 246 (45.3)
Doctors diagnosed hypertensionc
 Yesa 71 (88.7) 204 (71.8) 369 (67.9)
 No 9 (11.2) 80 (28.1) 174 (32.0)
Doctors diagnosed CVDc
 Yesa 30 (37.5) 69 (24.3) 111 (20.4)
 No 50 (62.5) 215 (75.7) 432 (79.5)
Family history of diabetes
 Yesb 47 (58.7) 137 (48.2) 242 (44.5)
 No 33 (41.2) 147 (51.7) 301 (55.4)
Family history of CVD
 Yesb 29 (36.2) 86 (30.2) 167 (30.7)
 No 51 (63.7) 198 (69.7) 376 (69.2)
Smoking
 Yesa 11 (13.7) 63 (22.1) 125 (23.0)
 No 69 (86.2) 221 (77.8) 418 (76.9)
Obesity (BMI > =30 kg/m2)
 Yesb 49 (61.2) 141 (49.6) 296 (54.5)
 No 31 (38.7) 143 (50.3) 247 (45.5)
Any of the above factors (diabetes, hypertension, CVD, history of diabetes, smoking, obesity)
 Yes 80 (100) 272 (95.8) 523 (96.3)
 No 0 12 (4.2) 20 (3.7)
  1. aYes - indicates that the participant has had the respective condition at either baseline or follow-up 1; No - indicates that the study participant has never had the condition
  2. bonly baseline information available
  3. cbased on self-reported diagnosis and not on clinical measurements