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Table 3 Estimates of mean PFI burnout score by physician specialty conditional on pandemic confounders for all respondents and balanced panel. Estimated by random effects regression using weighted survey data. Cluster-robust 95% confidence intervals reported in parentheses

From: Frontline physician burnout during the COVID-19 pandemic: national survey findings

  Emergency Medicine Critical Carec Primary Cared Hospitalist Infectious Disease
Panel A. All respondentsa
 Wave 1 1.47 1.28 1.02 1.10 1.06
(1.16,1.77) (1.00,1.55) (0.74,1.31) (0.73,1.46) (0.74,1.38)
 Wave 2 1.37 1.44 1.23 1.38 1.29
(1.10,1.65) (1.13,1.76) (0.98,1.49) (1.02,1.74) (0.98,1.61)
 Change −0.09 0.16 0.21 0.28 0.23
(−0.53,0.34) (−0.25,0.58) (− 0.23,0.66) (− 0.19,0.76) (− 0.20,0.67)
Panel B. Balanced panelb
 Wave 1 1.57 1.11 0.76 1.49 0.69
(1.08,2.05) (0.43,1.80) (0.31,1.22) (0.69,2.29) (0.14,1.25)
 Wave 2 1.33 1.19 1.07 1.85 0.93
(0.79,1.88) (0.49,1.88) (0.69,1.46) (1.24,2.46) (0.40,1.46)
 Change − 0.23 0.07 0.31 0.36 0.24
(− 0.86,0.39) (− 0.42,0.57) (− 0.38,1.00) (− 0.39,1.11) (− 0.32,0.79)
  1. aAll Respondents sample consists of 460 survey responses from 381 physicians. Eighteen responses were dropped due to missing covariate data
  2. bBalanced panel consists of 97 physicians whom responded in both waves, for 194 total observations
  3. cCritical care is an aggregation of “Critical care medicine” and “Pulmonary critical care” specialties
  4. dPrimary care is an aggregation of “Internal medicine” and “Family medicine” specialties