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Table 1 Overview of questions related to health care utilization

From: Profiles and predictors of healthcare utilization: using a cluster-analytic approach to identify typical users across conventional, allied and complementary medicine, and self-care

Conventional health care provider DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS, have you seen or talked to any of the following health care providers about your own health …
 GP a general doctor who treats a variety of illnesses (a doctor in general practice, family medicine, or internal medicine)
 Specialist a medical doctor who specializes in a particular medical disease or problem (other than obstetrician/gynecologist, psychiatrist or ophthalmologist)
 Eye specialist an optometrist, ophthalmologist, or eye doctor (someone who prescribes eyeglasses
 Mental health provider a mental health professional such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, psychiatric nurse, or clinical social worker
 Dentist About how long has it been since you last saw a dentist? Include all types of dentists, such as orthodontists, oral surgeons, and all other dental specialists, as well as dental hygienists.
 Emergency room DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS, HOW MANY TIMES have you gone to a HOSPITAL EMERGENCY ROOM about your own health
Allied health care provider
 Physical therapy Physical therapist, speech therapist, respiratory therapist, audiologist, or occupational therapist
 Nurse practitioners Nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or midwife
CAM provider DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS, did you see …
 Chiropractic Practitioner for chiropractic
 Massage Practitioner for massage
 Osteopathy, Craniosacral therapy* Practitioner for osteopathic manipulation, for craniosacral therapy
 Acupuncture Practitioner for acupuncture
 Naturopathy Naturopath/a herbalist
 Homeopathy Homeopath
 Ayurveda Practitioner for Ayurveda
 Native healing* Native American Healer, Medicine Man, Shaman, Curandero, Machi, Parchero, Yerbero, Hierbista, Sobador, Huesero,
 Energy healing Provider or practitioner for energy healing therapy
 Hypnosis Practitioner for hypnosis
Exercise DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS, did you practice …
 Yoga Yoga
 Tai Chi, Qigong* Tai Chi/Qi Gong
 Exercise* Pilates, Trager Psychophysical Integration, Feldenkrais, Alexander Technique
Relaxation DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS, did you use …
 Meditation* Mantra Meditation, including Transcendental Meditation®, Relaxation Response, and Clinically Standardized Meditation;
Mindfulness meditation, including Vipassana, Zen Buddhist meditation, Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction, and Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy;
Spiritual meditation including Centering Prayer and Contemplative Meditation
 Relaxation* Guided imagery, progressive relaxation
Diet DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS, did you use … for two weeks or more for health reasons
 Vegetarian diet* Vegetarian diet, including Vegan diet
 Medical diet* Atkins diet, Ornish diet, Pritikin diet, Macrobiotic diet
OTC medication, supplements DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS, did you take …
 Herbal medicine* Combination herb pill, Acai pills or gel caps, Cranberry pulls or capsules, Echinacea, Garlic supplements, Ginkgo Biloba, Green rea pulls or EGCG pills, Milt thistle (sylimarin), Saw palmetto, Valerian, other herbs
 Supplements* Chondroitin, co-enzyme Q10, digestive enzymes, fish oil, glucosamine, melatonin, SAM-e, probiotics, other non-vitamin supplements
 Vitamins minerals* Multi-vitamins or multi-minerals, vitamins A,B,C,D,E,H, or K, calcium, magnesium, iron, chromium, zinc, selenium, or potassium
  1. * indicates a merged variable