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Table 4 Frequency of 12 MM KB roles in included studies

From: The roles, activities and impacts of middle managers who function as knowledge brokers to improve care delivery and outcomes in healthcare organizations: a critical interpretive synthesis

MM KB Roles Study citations n (%)
Gather data [39, 44, 47, 48, 54,55,56] 7 (18.4)
Coordinate projects [39, 47, 48, 56] 4 (10.5)
Disseminate Information [37, 43, 47, 50, 51, 54, 56,57,58,59] 10 (26.3)
Adjust information to organizational context [37, 39, 41, 46, 48,49,50, 52, 58, 60, 61] 11 (28.9)
Bridge the evidence-to-practice gap [39, 43, 47, 54, 58, 62] 6 (15.8)
Facilitate networks [39, 45, 49, 56, 57, 59,60,61,62,63] 10 (26.3)
Engage stakeholders [37, 40, 41, 50, 57, 63, 64] 7 (18.4)
Provide tools and resources [46, 48, 51, 59, 61, 63] 6 (13.2)
Coach staff [44, 45, 49,50,51,52, 57, 59, 62, 63, 65] 11 (28.9)
Monitor and evaluate [40, 41, 47,48,49,50,51, 54, 57, 60, 63,64,65,66] 14 (36.8)
Convince others of the need for/benefit of a project [46,47,48, 50, 51, 55, 58, 61, 64,65,66,67] 12 (31.6)
Function as strategic influencer [39, 48, 52, 56, 62, 65, 68] 7 (18.4)
  1. NOTE: Roles were counted once per study; some studies reported multiple roles