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Table 7 Factors affecting job performance on the macro-, meso-, and micro-levels

From: Job performance in healthcare: a systematic review

Level Factors that positively affect performance Factors that negatively affect performance
Macro (organisation) Organisational support
Organisational structure
Involved organisational culture
Toxic climate/culture
Abusive supervision
Turnover of high-performing employees
Meso (management/team) Team structure
Perceived interdependence
Social supports
Abusive supervision
Limited resources
Heavy workloads
Dissatisfaction with co-workers
Micro (individual) Work engagement
Role clarity
Autonomy
Skills and level of education
Personal characteristics (openness to change, extraversion, eagerness, and creativity)
Low emotional intelligence
Machiavellianism
Burnout