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Table 1 Distribution of inpatient costs stratified by type of referral pathway

From: The costs of inappropriate referral pathways in inpatient care for three major noncommunicable diseases in Mongolia: a national registry-based analysis

Variables Overall Yes/official No/unofficial P value
N = 117,623 N = 87,260 N = 30,363
mean sd mean sd mean sd
Mean costs in int$ 721 (416) 677 (372) 849 (502)  
Gender        NS
 Male 739 (444) 690 (396) 862 (528)  
 Female 708 (395) 667 (352) 837 (476)  
Age group        
 0–40 668 (370) 622 (306) 820 (489) 0.00
 40–50 730 (434) 680 (368) 877 (546)  
 50–60 718 (422) 676 (378) 842 (510)  
 60–70 723 (424) 679 (384) 836 (495)  
 70–80 748 (415) 705 (383) 860 (471)  
 80+ 744 (418) 699 (384) 876 (480)  
Location
 Rural 787 (435) 751 (386) 889 (532) 0.00
 Urban 601 (355) 541 (301) 774 (432)  
Comorbidity
 0 717 (406) 675 (361) 840 (497) 0.04
 1–2 725 (425) 679 (379) 855 (506)  
Social status
 Formal sector 711 (389) 667 (329) 836 (504) 0.00
 Private sector 688 (393) 648 (338) 861 (535)  
 Herders 796 (432) 757 (382) 885 (517)  
 Pensioners 727 (419) 684 (384) 842 (484)  
 Unemployed 702 (421) 653 (357) 859 (528)  
 Others 702 (424) 660 (374) 854 (541)  
  1. SD Standard deviation