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Table 5 Comparison of attitudes and responses of hospitals toward WPV among nurses in different years, n (%)

From: Trajectories of the current situation and characteristics of workplace violence among nurses: a nine-year follow-up study

Items Categories 2010 2015 2019 χ 2 P P
(T1) (T2) (T3) T1-T2 T1-T3 T2-T3
Offering training Yes 91 (9.7) 487 (23.1) 840 (32.7) 202.794 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
No 851 (90.3) 1623 (76.9) 1726 (67.3)      
Encouraging reporting of WPV to supervisors Yes 585 (62.1) 1575 (74.6) 1849 (72.1) 51.255 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.050
  No 357 (37.9) 535 (25.4) 717 (27.9)      
Equipped with WPV management department Yes 432 (45.9) 1215 (57.6) 1451 (56.5) 39.942 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.495
  No 510 (54.1) 895 (42.4) 1115 (43.5)      
Handling WPV efficiently Yes 264 (28.0) 791 (37.5) 1193 (46.5) 106.884 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  No 678 (72.0) 1319 (62.5) 1373 (53.5)      
Hospital’s attitudes Protecting the interests of staff 91 (9.7) 574 (27.2) 775 (30.2) 283.785 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  Handling WPV fairly based on the facts 425 (45.1) 855 (40.5) 1194 (46.5)      
  Turning a blind eye 283 (30.0) 549 (26.0) 470 (18.3)      
  Punishing staff regardless of the cause 143 (15.2) 132 (6.3) 127 (4.9)      
Degree of emphasis Physician>Nurse 403 (42.8) 959 (45.5) 1117 (43.5) 12.649 0.013 0.002 <0.001 0.346
  Nurse>Physician 0 (0.0) 22 (1.0) 23 (0.9)      
  Physician=Nurse 539 (57.2) 1129 (53.5) 1426 (55.6)