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Table 4 Opportunities created through GHD toward NCD prevention and control

From: Opportunities and challenges of global health diplomacy for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases: a systematic review

Level Opportunities
International ▪ Action against NCDs supports other global health and development priorities
▪ The ability to generate political will for tobacco control, which indicates the ability of the international community to cooperate on NCD prevention and control and shows that lessons from tobacco control can and should be applied to other major NCD risk factors
▪ Broad international support for addressing NCDs
▪ Establishing extensive scientific collaboration worldwide and creating a common learning environment
▪ Key impacts of recent GHD on tobacco control, including global mobilization of civil society in support of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and the emergence of a large coalition known as the Framework Convention Alliance (FCA)
▪ The unique context provided by FCTC negotiations for examining the role of NGOs in GHD
▪ Success of FCTC negotiations, which suggests that civil society can help facilitate cooperation among countries within the UN system
National ▪ Access to affordable, cost-effective, and feasible interventions
▪ Presence of national multisectoral governance and coordination structures or a mechanism to oversee NCD policy engagement beyond the health sector, which has facilitated multisectoral action in NCD policy development in some countries
▪ Potential power of multi-stakeholder collaborations for NCD control
▪ Increasing awareness among leaders of the existing scientific evidence on NCD prevention and control and of internationally accepted best practices in NCD-control planning
▪ Working with international partners in bringing the right players to the table
▪ Governments represent power in diplomacy, while NGOs represent ideas and knowledge
▪ The role of FCA in agenda-setting for tobacco control in many countries.
▪ Strengthening public health authorities’ political position; evidence that interdependence is not the only incentive for state actors to participate in GHD
Individual ▪ Civil society organizations pressuring highly influential people