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Table 3 Themes generated from data analysis

From: Improving patient safety through identifying barriers to reporting medication administration errors among nurses: an integrative review

Main themes Subthemes Free codes
Organisational barriers Reporting system [31,32,33,34, 36, 38, 39] No proper reporting system, consumed time, long forms for reporting, heavy workload
  Definition of ME [28,29,30,31, 37, 39] Unclear definition, no standard definition
  Management behaviour [13, 28,29,30,31,32, 34,35,36,37,38,39] Punitive actions, negative response, no feedback after reporting, targeting the individual than the system, blame culture, lack of confidentiality
Professional and behavioural barriers Personal reasons/ lawsuit [27, 29, 30, 32, 33, 35, 36, 39] Fear of reporting, being stigmatized, fear of legal action, forgetfulness, fear of being called incompetent or inadequate
Knowledge of error [31, 33, 35, 38, 39]  Inadequate knowledge on what constitutes error, unable to recognize an error, unaware of error occurrence
  1. Legend: Table 3 shows the barriers to MAE reporting by nurses