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Table 2 Health service utilization by sex and urban-rural areas in Mongolia, 2017-2018

From: Disparities in outpatient and inpatient utilization by rural-urban areas among older Mongolians based on a modified WHO-SAGE instrument

% (n) Overall Sex Residence
Male Female Rural Urban - ger Urban - apartment
Outpatient visits in the past year       
Yes 55.2 (538) 45.3 (172) 61.5 (366) 53.4 (255) 47.8 (122) 66.5 (161)
No 44.8 (437) 54.7 (208) 38.5 (229) 46.7 (223) 52.2 (133) 33.5 (81)
Type of outpatient facility       
Public clinic, including health centers 62.8 (337) 59.9 (103) 64.1 (234) 55.5 (141) 68.8 (84) 69.6 (112)
Public hospital 23.8 (128) 27.3 (47) 22.2 (81) 28.7 (73) 19.7 (24) 19.3 (31)
Private facilities 11.2 (60) 10.5 (18) 11.5 (42) 11.0 (28) 11.5 (14) 11.3 (18)
Other 2.3 (12) 2.3 (4) 2.2 (8) 4.7 (12) n/a n/a
Inpatient stays in the past 3 years*       
Yes 51.1 (498) 46.0 (175) 54.3 (323) 49.2 (235) 52.2 (132) 53.7 (130)
No 48.9 (477) 53.9 (205) 45.7 (272) 50.8 (243) 47.8 (122) 46.3 (112)
Type of inpatient facility       
Public hospital 83.3 (330) 90.3 (121) 80.1 (193) 84.2 (171) 83.0 (83) 81.7 (76)
Private hospital 13.6 (54) 6.7 (9) 17.8 (43) 11.3 (23) 15.0 (15) 17.2 (16)
Other 3.0 (12) 3.0 (4) 2.1 (5) 4.4 (9) 2.0 (2) 1.1 (1)
Reasons for health service use**       
Acute or communicable conditions 4.8 4.0 5.2 4.6 4.5 5.3
Chronic joint pain ‎/ arthritis 14.9 10.9 16.9 16.2 11.1 15.9
Heart problems 12.8 15.2 11.5 11.8 15.2 12.4
Hypertension 31.6 32.6 31.1 32.1 30.3 31.9
Liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, other cancers 3.2 4.3 2.6 2.6 4.0 3.5
Diabetes 2.0 2.2 1.9 0.8 1.5 4.4
Other internal medicine† 5.8 3.6 6.5 5.4 6.1 6.2
Other‡ 25.0 27.2 24.2 26.5 27.3 20.4
Chronic conditions       
0 18.7 (184) 27.1 (103) 12.3 (73) 24.9 (119) 13.3 (34) 9.5 (23)
1 31.0 (305) 32.1 (122) 30.8 (183) 32.9 (157) 31.8 (81) 27.7 (67)
2+ 50.2 (494) 40.8 (155) 56.9 (339) 42.3 (202) 54.9 (140) 62.8 (152)
  1. * Out of 498 respondents who had inpatient stays, 8 were reported in long-term care facility. ** either inpatient or outpatient; †includes stomach, pancreas, kidney, gynaecological, prostate, bladder, haematological and nutritional disorders; generalised visceral or muscular pain; ‡ includes surgery, injuries, regular check-ups, breathing problems, sleep disorders, fatigue, allergies, hearing, vision, dental, neuropathy