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Table 4 Socioeconomic impact and catastrophic costs in patients diagnosed through ACF and PCF at individual treatment periods

From: Socio-protective effects of active case finding on catastrophic costs from tuberculosis in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam: a longitudinal patient cost survey

Variables Pre-treatment, N (%) ORd
(95 % CI)
Intensive phase, N (%) ORd
(95 % CI)
Continuation phase, N (%) ORd
(95 % CI)
End of treatment, N (%) ORd
(95 % CI)
ACF
(N = 52)
PCF
(N = 46)
ACF
(N = 52)
PCF
(N = 46)
ACF
(N = 52)
PCF
(N = 46)
ACF
(N = 52)
PCF
(N = 46)
Catastrophic costsa 8 (15) 13 (30) 0.43
(0.16–1.17)
8 (22) 17 (46) 0.32
(0.12–0.90)*
11 (22) 12 (27) 0.76
(0.30–1.93)
10 (20) 10 (22) 0.86
(0.32–2.29)
Unemployed 5 (10) 8 (17) 0.51
(0.15–1.67)
15 (29) 21 (46) 0.48
(0.21–1.11)
10 (19) 10 (22) 0.86
(0.32–2.29)
7 (13) 9 (20) 0.64
(0.22–1.88)
Poverty headcountb 11 (21) 8 (17) 1.27
(0.46–3.51)
22 (42) 19 (41) 1.04
(0.47–2.33)
12 (23) 10 (22) 1.08
(0.42–2.80)
11 (21) 9 (20) 1.10
(0.41–2.96)
Social
exclusion
NA NA NA 21 (66) 11 (34) 2.16
(0.90–5.17)
19 (41) 27 (59) 0.41
(0.18–0.91)*
19 (45) 23 (55) 0.58
(0.26–1.29)
Loss of employment NA NA NA 15 (29) 18 (39) 0.63
(0.27–1.47)
12 (23) 16 (35) 0.56
(0.23–1.36)
8 (15) 11 (24) 0.58
(0.21–1.59)
Financial impactc NA NA NA 29 (56) 18 (39) 1.96
(0.87–4.39)
27 (52) 20 (43) 1.40
(0.63–3.11)
19 (37) 19 (41) 0.82
(0.36–1.84)
Coping strategies NA NA NA 14 (27) 7 (15) 2.05
(0.75–5.64)
20 (38) 5 (11) 5.12
(1.73–15.14)*
15 (29) 11 (24) 1.29
(0.51–3.18)
  1. aCatastrophic costs calculated according to the income reported in each period of analysis;
  2. bPoverty line established by the World Bank = $1.90, International Dollar ($) applying purchase power parity (PPP), 2017 prices, conversion factor = $7,716.43;
  3. cPatients indicating that they were poorer or much poorer as a result of their episode of TB;
  4. dUnivariate odds ratio accounting for autocorrelation using generalized estimation equation methods with working correlation structure obtained using quasi-likelihood information criteria