Skip to main content

Table 2 BCTs coded within interventions

From: Supporting medicines management for older people at care transitions – a theory-based analysis of a systematic review of 24 interventions

  Hospital only interventions Bridging interventions Post-discharge interventions
Basger et al. [31] Bolas et al. [27] Graabaek et al. [34] Hockly et al. [33] Lalonde et al. [29] Legrain et al. [30] Scullin et al. [28] Tamblyn et al. [35] Tong et al. [32] Buurman et al. [48] Casas et al. [43] Chan et al. [46] Coleman et al. [49] Gillespie et al. [44] Huang and Liang [42] Koehler et al. [45] Lee et al. [47] Ravn-Nielsen et al. [50] Ahmad et al. [37] Char et al. [40] Gurwitz et al. [38] Haag et al. [39] Holland et al. [36] Tuttle et al. [41]
BCT identified* PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP PT HCP
1.1 Goal setting (behaviour)                             
1.2 Problem solving                   
1.3 Goal setting (outcome)                                     
1.4 Action planning           
1.5 Review behaviour goal(s)                           
1.6 Discrepancy between current behaviour and goal                  
1.7 Review outcome goal(s)                                          
1.8 Behavioural contract                                                
1.9 Commitment                                               
2.2 Feedback on behaviour                                  
2.3 Self-monitoring of behaviour                                   
2.4 Self-monitoring of outcome(s) of behaviour                                   
2.5 Monitoring outcome of behaviour without feedback                                              
2.7 Feedback on outcome(s) of behaviour                               
3.1 Social support unspecified                                  
3.2 Social support (practical)                             
3.3 Social support (emotional)                                            
4.1 Instruction on how to perform behaviour                           
4.2 Information on antecedents                                             
4.3 Reattribution                                              
4.4 Behavioural experiments                                              
5.1 Information about health consequences                               
5.2 Salience of consequences                                              
5.3 Information about social and environmental consequences                                               
5.4 Monitoring of emotional consequences                                              
5.5 Anticipated regret                                              
5.6 Information about emotional consequences                                              
6.1 Demonstration of behaviour                                               
7.1 Prompts/ cues              
7.7 Exposure                                              
8.1 Behavioural practice/ rehersal                                        
8.2 Behaviour substitution                                              
8.3 Habit formation                                              
8.4 Habit reversal                                              
8.6 Generalisation of target behaviour                                              
9.1 Credible source                                 
9.2 Pros and cons                                          
9.3 Comparative imagining of future outcomes                                              
10.4 Social reward                                               
10.9 Self-reward                                                
11.2 Reduce negative emotions                                              
11.3 Conserving mental resources                                              
12.1 Restructuring the physical environment                                           
12.2 Restructuring the social environment                                             
15.1 Verbal persuasion about capability                                   
15.2 Mental rehersal of successful performance                                            
15.3 Focus on past successes                                           
15.4 Self-talk                                              
16.2 Imaginary reward                                               
Total number of individual BCTs 14 11 13 3 10 16 18 3 7 13 17 39 21 14 18 21 19 45 44 9 3 12 19 18
  1. *PT = BCT directed toward patient behaviour
  2. HCP = BCT directed toward healthcare professional behaviour