Skip to main content

Table 1 Study characteristics

From: Supporting medicines management for older people at care transitions – a theory-based analysis of a systematic review of 24 interventions

Study details Participants and setting Intervention components
Interventions commenced during hospital admission
 Basger et al. [31] 216 elderly patients admitted to a small private hospital, taking ≥5 medicines, Australia Medication counselling, Medicines reconciliation, Medication review to detect drug related problems, Self-management discussions, Information transfer
 Bolas et al. [27] 162 patients admitted for unplanned causes to the medical admissions unit, taking ≥3 long term medicines, Northern Ireland Preparation of full medication history, Medicines reconciliation, Patient education and discharge counselling, Pharmaceutical discharge letter, Personalised medicines record sheet, Medicines helpline
 Graabaek et al. [34] 400 patients, admitted to the medical acute unit, Denmark Structured medication review, Medicines reconciliation, Recommendations for change reported to clinician, Medication report created to aid clinician preparing discharge, Patient counselling
 Hockly et al. [33] 33 patients, taking ≥4 medicines, UK Information transfer
 Lalonde et al. [29] 83 patients, being discharged with ≥2 medicines changes, Canada Medication Discharge Plan created and given to patient at discharge, Transfer of information to Primary Care Provider and Community Pharmacist by fax
 Legrain et al. [30] 665 patients, admitted to the acute geriatric unit with stays longer than 5 days, France Comprehensive chronic medication review, Medicines reconciliation, Patient education and self-management discussion, Transition of care communication with outpatient healthcare professionals
 Scullin et al. [28] 762 elderly patients, admitted to medical wards, taking ≥4 long term medicines OR one high risk medicines OR previous admission within last 6 months OR given an IV antibiotic on day one of admission, Northern Ireland Medicines reconciliation, Medication review, Counselling, Medicines record sheet, Information transfer
 Tamblyn et al. [35] 4656 patients, discharged from internal medicine, cardiac or thoracic surgery units, Canada Electronic medicines reconciliation, Information transfer
 Tong et al. [32] 832 patients, admitted to general medical unit at an adult major referral hospital, Australia Personalised medication management plan
Interventions commenced at hospital admission and continued post-discharge
 Buurman et al. [48] 674 elderly patients, admitted to the internal medicine ward, Netherlands Medicines reconciliation, Discussion with Primary Care Provider and additional support enabled, Home visit for patient education
 Casas et al. [43] 155 patients with COPD and minimum admission length of 48 h in two tertiary hospitals, Belgium and Spain Educational programme (2 h) on self-management, Information transfer, Post-discharge telephone calls, Web-based call centre
 Chan et al. [46] 699 patients, admitted to internal medicines, family medicines, cardiology or neurology wards at a general safety net hospital and trauma centre, USA Patient education, Self-management coaching, Medicines reconciliation, Written medicines information, Post-discharge telephone calls, Medicines helpline
 Coleman et al. [49] 750 elderly patients, with a long-term condition, with admission to large hospital/ service delivery system, USA Personalised patient-held record, Home visit for education, Self-management coaching, Medicines reconciliation, Post-discharge telephone calls
 Gillespie et al. [44] 400 elderly patients (> 80 years) admitted to two internal medicines wards at a University Hospital, Sweden Medicines reconciliation, Medication review, Patient education, Information transfer, Post-discharge telephone call
 Huang and Liang [42] 126 elderly patients, admitted to large medical hospital with hip fracture due to falling, Taiwan Individualised discharge plan, Information brochure, Patient education, Home visit, Post-discharge telephone calls, Medicines helpline, Collaboration with Primary Care Provider
 Koehler et al. [45] 41 elderly patients, taking ≥5 long term medicines and with ≥3 chronic conditions, admitted to a University Hospital, USA Pharmacist-led medicines reconciliation, Medication review, Patient education including self-management, Post-discharge telephone call, Personal health record, Information transfer
 Lee et al. [47] 840 patients, admitted to medical ward of tertiary hospital and at high risk of readmission, Singapore Patient education, Medicines reconciliation, Medication review, Discharge information, Post-discharge telephone calls, Home visit
 Ravn-Nielsen et al. [50] 974 patients, taking ≥5 medicines, admitted to the acute admission wards, Denmark Structured medication review, Information transfer, Medicines reconciliation,
30-min motivational interview with patient at discharge for education and self-management, Post-discharge telephone calls
Interventions commenced post-discharge
 Ahmad et al. [37] 340 elderly patients, taking ≥5 long term medicines, discharged from general or academic hospitals, Netherlands Medication review, Medication counselling using cognitive behaviour techniques, Home visit, Medicines reconciliation, Collaboration with Primary Care Provider, Removal of redundant medications from home
 Char et al. [40] 200 patients, taking ≥5 long term medicines, attending first outpatient clinic appointment following recent stay in hospital, Singapore Medicines reconciliation, Collaboration with Primary Care Provider, Best possible medication history created for patient
 Gurwitz et al. [38] 3661 elderly patients, discharged from hospital for any admission, USA Information transfer, System prompt to schedule an appointment within one week
 Haag et al. [39] 25 elderly patients, discharged from tertiary care academic medical centre for any type of admission, USA Post-discharge telephone call, Medication review, Medicines reconciliation, Information transfer
 Holland et al. [36] 872 elderly patients, from 10 hospitals following an emergency admission and taking ≥2 medicines, UK Home visit, Medication review, Patient education, Collaboration with primary care provider, Removal of redundant medications from home
 Tuttle et al. [41] 159 patients, discharged from large tertiary-referral hospital following acute illness and detection of chronic kidney disease stage 3–5, USA Home visit, Medicines reconciliation, Medication review, Patient education and self-management strategies, Information transfer