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Table 3 Frequency of three types of irrational prescription of sample antibiotic prescriptions, 2015–2018

From: Antibiotic use and irrational antibiotic prescriptions in 66 primary healthcare institutions in Beijing City, China, 2015–2018

No. Irrational prescription type Frequency
N = 1049
Proportion
%
1 Irregular prescription n = 153 100.0
1–1 The physician didn’t prescribe antibiotics follow the Regulations on the Clinical Application of Antibiotics. 98 55.1
1–2 Prescribing without clinical diagnosis or with incomplete clinical diagnosis. 33 18.5
1–3 Elements were missing in the prescriptions, non-standard or illegible writing 14 7.9
1–4 The dosage, specifications, quantity, unit, etc. of the drugs were not standardized or unclear. 3 1.7
1–5 The expression of dosage or usage was ambiguous, such as “follow the doctor’s advice”, “self-medicated”, etc. 2 1.1
1–6 The physician didn’t follow the related guidelines when prescribing narcotic, psychotropic, medical toxic, radioactive drugs, etc. 2 1.1
1–7 No reason stated for dosage over 7 days for outpatient, over 3 days for emergency, and extension for chronic diseases and geriatric disease 1 0.6
2 Inappropriate prescription n = 880 100.0
2–1 Inappropriate usage and dosage 571 64.9
2–2 Inappropriate indication 144 16.4
2–3 Inappropriate dosage form or route of administration 16 1.8
2–4 Inappropriate selection of drugs 63 7.2
2–5 Inappropriate combined use of drugs 39 4.4
2–6 Incompatibility or adverse interaction 25 2.8
2–7 Other inappropriate situation 16 1.8
2–8 Repeated administration 5 0.6
2–9 National essential medicines were not preferred without appropriate reason. 1 0.1
3 Abnormal prescription n = 16 100.0
3–1 Prescribing without indication 15 93.8
3–2 Prescribing high-priced drugs without appropriate reason. 1 6.3
3–3 Off-label drug use without appropriate reason. 0 0.0