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Table 4 Baseline values and change after 12 months of outcome measures in intervention and usual care groups for the patients having hypertension, ischemic heart disease and diabetes

From: Randomized controlled study of the impact of a participatory patient care plan among primary care patients with common chronic diseases: a one-year follow-up study

  Baseline Change P-value**
Intervention
Mean (SD)
Usual care
Mean (SD)
Intervention
Mean (95% CI)
Usual care
Mean (95% CI)
Crude Adjusteda
Hypertension
 HRQOL, 15D score 0.880 (0.083) 0.891 (0.082) 0.007 (−0.004 to 0.017) − 0.001 (− 0.011 to 0.10) 0.34 0.52
 Body mass index, kg/m2 27.9 (4.6) 27.9 (5.0) 0.06 (−0.24 to 0.35) −0.04 (− 0.24 to 0.16) 0.59 0.58
 LDL-C, mmol/l 3.04 (0.95) 2.95 (0.93) −0.07 (− 0.23 to 0.09) 0.05 (− 0.10 to 0.20) 0.27 0.37
 HbA1C, mmol/mol 36.8 (4.3) 37.9 (3.6) 0.6 (0.1 to 1.0) 0.3 (0.1 to1.0) 0.41 0.98
 Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Systolic 144 (16) 144 (17) −4.2 (−8.0 to −0.4) − 4.0 (−7.1 to −1.0) 0.95 0.65
 Diastolic 83 (10) 85 (11) −2.0 (−4.0 to −0.0) − 2.2 (−3.9 to − 0.5) 0.91 0.64
 Mean arterial pressure 105 (11) 106 (11) −2.7 (−5.1 to −0.4) −2.8 (− 4.7 to − 0.9) 0.97 0.62
Ischemic heart disease
 HRQOL, 15D score 0.860 (0.085) 0.860 (0.106) 0.001 (−0.014 to 0.015) −0.012 (− 0.029 to 0.005) 0.28 0.28
 Body mass index, kg/m2 28.1 (4.4) 28.3 (5.5) −0.40 (− 0.87 to 0.08) −0.20 (− 0.49 to 0.09) 0.47 0.40
 LDL-C, mmol/l 2.21 (0.74) 2.23 (0.80) 0.09 (−0.09 to 0.27) 0.05 (−0.12 to 0.22) 0.77 0.78
 HbA1C, mmol/mol 38.5 (3.9) 38.3 (4.7) 0.7 (0.1 to 1.4) 0.3 (−0.4 to 1.0) 0.40 0.31
Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Systolic 144 (19) 143 (16) −3.1 (−7.5 to 1.3) −0.1 (−4.4 to 4.3) 0.33 0.87
 Diastolic 82 (11) 79 (9) −1.5 (−4.2 to 1.2) −0.7 (−3.3 1.9) 0.65 0.83
 Mean arterial pressure 103 (11) 100 (10) −2.1 (−4.8 to 0.7) −0.5 (−3.2 to 2.2) 0.42 0.74
Diabetes mellitus
 HRQOL, 15D score 0.856 (0.108) 0.868 (0.096) 0.002 (−0.010 to 0.013) 0.001 (−0.010 to 0.012) 0.91 0.84
 Body mass index, kg/m2 31.0 (5.5) 31.6 (6.2) −0.30 (− 0.54 to − 0.07) 0.03 (− 0.26 to 0.32) 0.081 0.078
 LDL-C, mmol/l 2.49 (0.94) 2.38 (0.83) 0.03 (−0.10 to 0.15) 0.07 (−0.04 to 0.19) 0.61 0.74
 HbA1C, mmol/mol 45.6 (9.7) 46.7 (10.9) 0.2 (−0.8 to 1.3) −0.1 (−1.4 to 1.3) 0.75 0.91
Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Systolic 145 (19) 144 (17) −2.4 (−6.1 to 1.3) 1.9 (−5.4 to 1.5) 0.86 0.54
 Diastolic 81 (12) 80 (10) −0.1 (−2.1 to 1.9) −0.1 (−1.9 to 1.6) 0.97 0.81
 Mean arterial pressure 102 (12) 101 (10) −0.9 (−3.2 to 1.4) − 0.7 (−2.9 to 1.4) 0.94 0.89
  1. SD standard deviation, HRQOL health-related quality of life, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HbA1C Haemoglobin A1c
  2. ** P-value for the differences in the changes between the intervention group and usual care group
  3. aANCOVA: adjusted for baseline value