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Table 4 Summary of Included Articles that Reported on Intermediate Outcomes and Data Use Actions

From: A realist systematic review of evidence from low- and middle-income countries of interventions to improve immunization data use

  Articles reporting on
immunization data use interventions
Articles reporting on
data use interventions in other health sectors
Sub-total
Evidence
(n = 37)
Promising strategies (n = 29) Evidence
(n = 31)
Promising strategies
(n = 5)
Evidence
(n = 68)
Promising strategies
(n = 34)
Total
(n = 102)
Intermediate outcomes
  Availability of timely, high-quality data 27 (72 %) 15 (52 %) 8 (26 %) 0 (0 %) 35 (51 %) 15 (44 %) 50 (49 %)
  Data are analyzed, synthesized, interpreted, and reviewed 15 (41 %) 11 (38 %) 8 (26 %) 0 (0 %) 23 (34 %) 11 (32 %) 34 (33 %)
Data use actions
  Data use in communities and health facilities 13 (35 %) 16 (55 %) 8 (26 %) 0 (%) 21 (31 %) 16 (47 %) 37 (36 %)
  Data use at the district level 12 (32 %) 12 (41 %) 5 (16 %) 1 (20 %) 17 (25 %) 13 (38 %) 30 (29 %)
  Data use at the national level 2 (5 %) 5 (17 %) 1 (3 %) 0 (0 %) 3 (4 %) 5 (15 %) 8 (8 %)