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Table 1 Characteristics of included records

From: Which criteria characterize a health literate health care organization? – a scoping review on organizational health literacy

Author, year (sorted), country Type of publication (type of study) Group of participants
Rudd & Anderson, 2006, USA [1] Guidebook (Toolkit) n. a.
Jacobson et al., 2007, USA [54] Guidebook (Toolkit) n. a.
NALA, 2009, Ireland [55] Guidebook (Toolkit) n. a.
DeWalt et al., 2010, USA [24] Guidebook (Toolkit) n. a.
Rudd, 2010, USA [56] Guidebook (Toolkit) n. a.
DeWalt et al., 2011, USA [26] Journal article (Toolkit, feasibility std.) Staff members (eight practices)
Brach et al., 2012, USA [2] Journal article (Discussion) n. a.
Institute of Medicine, 2012, USA [57] Chapter/book (WS) Representatives from HCO
Parker & Hernandez, 2012, USA [58] Journal article (WS) Representatives from HCO
Six-Means et al., 2012, USA [29] Journal article (Implementation, case std.) n. a.
Weaver et al., 2012, USA [59] Journal article (Case std.) 19 staff members, 16 patients (one health center, three clinics)
Wong, 2012, USA [52] Journal article (Discussion) n. a.
Institute of Medicine, 2013, USA [60] Chapter/book (WS) Health literacy implementers from HCOs
O’Neal et al., 2013, USA [61] Journal article (Assessment, feasibility std.) 45 staff members, 62 patients (eight pharmacies)
Thomacos & Zazryn, 2013, Australia [49] Guidebook (Toolkit) n. a.
Abrams et al., 2014, USA [62] Guidebook (Toolkit) n. a.
Brach et al., 2014, USA [23] Journal article (Discussion) n. a.
Johnson, 2014, Australia [63] Journal article (Case std.) Two consumers (one HCO)
Kaphingst et al., 2014, USA [64] Journal article (Cross-sectional std.) 3358 adults (general population)
Palumbo & Annarumma, 2014, Italy [65] Journal article (Evaluation std.) 40 healthcare professionals (various HCOs)
Schuman, 2014, USA [22] Chapter/book (Discussion) n. a.
Altin & Stock, 2015, Germany [66] Journal article (Discussion) n. a.
Altin et al., 2015, Germany [25] Journal article (Validation std.) 1125 adults (general population)
Brega et al., 2015, USA [67] Guidebook (Toolkit) n. a.
Briglia et al., 2015, USA [68] Journal article (Case std.) One health care network (12 health centers)
Kowalski et al., 2015, Germany [19] Journal article (Validation std.) 51 directors, 1224 patients (56 hospitals)
Ministry of Health, 2015, New Zealand [69] Guidebook (Toolkit) n. a.
Pelikan & Dietscher, 2015, Austria [70] Guidebook (Toolkit, feasibility std.) Three to eleven staff members per hospital (nine hospitals)
Pelikan & Dietscher, 2015, Austria [71] Journal article (Toolkit, feasibility std.) n. a.
Annarumma & Palumbo, 2016, Italy [72] Journal article (Evaluation std.) 40 healthcare professionals (various HCOs)
Dietscher & Pelikan, 2016, Austria [17] Journal article (Toolkit, feasibility std.) Three to 11 staff members per hospital (nine hospitals)
Innis, 2016, Canada [73] Doctor thesis (Pilot std.) 42 health care experts; 99 staff members (79 hospitals)
Napel, 2016, USA [74] Doctor thesis (Cross-sectional std.) 102 nurses (various hospitals)
Adsul et al., 2017, USA [75] Journal article (Qualitative std.) 11 senior staff members (11 HCOs)
Baur et al., 2017, USA [76] Chapter/book (Discussion) n. a.
Brach, 2017, USA [10] Journal article (Discussion) n. a.
Dietscher & Pelikan, 2017, Austria [77] Chapter/book (Toolkit, feasibility std.) Three to 11 staff members per hospital (nine hospitals)
Eigelbach, 2017, USA [78] Journal article (Discussion) n. a.
Ernstmann et al., 2017, Germany [79] Journal article (Validation std.) Five experts; 453 patients (18 cancer centers)
Farmanova, 2017, Canada [80] Doctor thesis (Qualitative std.) 12 health service org.; nine managers (eight health service org.)
Palumbo et al., 2017, Italy [81] Journal article (Multiple case std.) 15 experts (three hospitals)
Prince, 2017, USA [47] Doctor thesis (Case std.) 463 employees (one health center)
Trezona et al., 2017, Australia [12] Journal article (Assessment, evaluation std.) 42 professionals; 153 professionals (36 health and social service org.)
Wieczorek et al., 2017, Austria [82] Journal article (Assessment, evaluation std.) Six to 15 youth workers/federal state (six youth work settings in three fed. states)
Hayran & Özer, 2018, Turkey [83] Journal article (Cross-sectional std.) 18 managers and 1459 patients (three hospitals)
Leonard et al., 2018, USA [84] Journal article (Case std.) One medical center
Oelschlegel et al., 2018, USA [85] Journal article (Case std.) One medical center
Palumbo & Annarumma, 2018, Italy [86] Journal article (Assessment std.) 16 senior managers/staff members (16 pharmacies)
Prince et al., 2018, USA [18] Journal article (Case std.) 463 employees (one health center)
Trezona et al., 2018, Australia [87] Journal article (Toolkit) 22 health/social service professionals (22 org.)
Trueheart, 2018, USA [50] Doctor thesis (Multiple case std.) 13 experts (13 health org.)
Brega et al., 2019, USA [88] Journal article (Delphi std.) 18 experts (20 org.); one patient representative
Kaper et al., 2019, Ireland, Netherlands [89] Journal article (Longitudinal mixed-methods std.) 24 staff members, 40 service users (four hospitals)
Pelikan, 2019, Austria [90] Chapter/book (Discussion) n. a.
Vamos et al., 2019, USA [51] Journal article (Development of teaching tool) One pediatric health clinic
Aaby et al., 2020, Denmark [91] Journal article (Case std., feasibility std.) Three managers and four therapeutic teams (one rehabilitation unit)
Bonaccorsi et al., 2020, Italy [92] Journal article (Cross-sectional std.) 405 healthcare managers (20 hospitals)
Goldsmith et al., 2020, USA [93] Journal article (Framework) n. a.
NASEM, 2020, USA [94] Chapter/book (WS) Patients; health care professionals; various stakeholders (various org.)
Rathmann et al., 2020, Germany [48] Journal article (Explorative std.) 130 managers/staff (130 facilities for people with disabilities); eight staff members (eight facilities for people with disabilities)
  1. n = 60 records; abbreviations: org. = organization(s), std. = study, WS = workshop summaries