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Table 4 Prevalence and characteristics of the five MBI profiles of the sample

From: Burnout profiles among French workers in health units for inmates: results of the EHCAU study

  Full Sample Engagement Ineffective Overextended Disengaged Burnout  
N = 141 N = 49 N = 52 N = 22 N = 7 N = 11  
   (34.8%) (36.9%) (15.6%) (5.0%) (7.8%)  
N %/mean
(SD)
N %/mean
(SD)
N %/mean
(SD)
N %/mean
(SD)
N %/mean
(SD)
N %/mean
(SD)
P value
Sex              NS
 Male 37 26.4 13 26.5 10 19.6 6 27.3 3 42.9 5 45.5  
 Female 103 73.6 36 73.5 41 80.4 16 72.7 4 57.1 6 54.5  
Age 139 42.8 (11.2) 49 43.1 (11.7) 50 43.1 (11.3) 22 44.2 (10.8) 7 43.4 (9.4) 11 37.5 (9.7) NS
Marital status
 Never married 19 13.5 4 8.2 10 19.2 4 18.2 0 0.0 1 9.1  
 Married/live with a partner 108 76.6 41 83.7 37 71.2 14 63.6 7 100.0 9 81.8  
 Separated/divorced/widowed 14 9.9 4 8.2 5 9.6 4 18.2 0 0.0 1 9.1  
Occupational status              0.01
 Junior/senior doctor 27 19.1 12 24.5 5 9.6 4 18.2 2 28.6 4 36.4  
 Nurse/nursing auxiliary 77 54.6 26 53.1 34 65.4 9 40.9 3 42.9 5 45.5  
 Occupational therapist/physical therapist 3 2.1 2 4.1 0 0.0 1 4.5 0 0.0 0 0.0  
 Medical secretaries 8 5.7 0 0.0 8 15.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0  
 Health nurse manager 6 4.3 2 4.1 2 3.8 1 4.5 1 14.3 0 0.0  
 Psychologist 20 14.2 7 14.3 3 5.8 7 31.8 1 14.3 2 18.2  
Years in practice in the job              NS
  < 4 years 17 12.1 5 10.2 7 13.5 1 4.5 1 14.3 3 27.3  
  > = 4 years and < 10 years 26 18.4 9 18.4 7 13.5 5 22.7 1 14.3 4 36.4  
  > = 10 years 98 69.5 35 71.4 38 73.1 16 72.7 5 71.4 4 36.4  
Exposure to physical violence              NS
 Never 19 13.5 6 12.2 8 15.4 3 13.6 1 14.3 1 9.1  
 Seldom/often/always 122 86.5 43 87.8 44 84.6 19 86.4 6 85.7 10 90.9  
Exposure to verbal violence              NS
 Never 10 7.1 2 4.1 7 13.5 1 4.5 0 0.0 0 0.0  
 Seldom/often/always 131 92.9 47 95.9 45 86.5 21 95.5 7 100.0 11 100.0  
History of complaint procedure for aggression in the workplace              0.02
 No 123 87.9 43 87.8 47 92.2 21 95.5 6 85.7 6 54.5  
 Yes 17 12.1 6 12.2 4 7.8 1 4.5 1 14.3 5 45.5  
Irregular eating hours              0.05
 Never 66 46.8 29 59.2 26 50.0 6 27.3 4 57.1 1 9.1  
 Seldom 51 36.2 16 32.7 18 34.6 9 40.9 2 28.6 6 54.5  
 Often 15 10.6 3 6.1 4 7.7 4 18.2 1 14.3 3 27.3  
 Always 9 6.4 1 2.0 4 7.7 3 13.6 0 0.0 1 9.1  
Link with prison staff              NS
 Highly satisfactory/satisfactory 105 75.5 37 75.5 43 84.3 14 66.7 5 71.4 6 54.5  
 Little or not at all satisfactory 34 24.5 12 24.5 8 15.7 7 33.3 2 28.6 5 45.5  
HADS-Anxiety subscale              < 0.0001
 No 123 87.2 49 100.0 47 90.4 16 72.7 7 100.0 4 36.4  
 Yes (score > = 11) 18 12.8 0 0.0 5 9.6 6 27.3 0 0.0 7 63.6  
HADS-Depression subscale              0.03
 No 137 97.9 49 100.0 51 100.0 20 90.9 7 100.0 10 90.9  
 Yes (score > = 11) 3 2.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 9.1 0 0.0 1 9.1  
Karasek
 Job Strain 24 17.9 5 11.1 8 16.0 4 19.0 1 14.3 6 54.5 NS
 Isostrain 11 8.6 1 2.4 4 8.3 3 15.0 1 14.3 2 18.2 NS
Effort-reward imbalance
 Effort-reward imbalance ratio > 1 2 1.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 9.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.06
Self-reported health status
 SF-12 physical score 136 69.8 (10.2) 47 71.9 (8.2) 50 70.5 (10.0) 22 65.6 (11.4) 7 68.3 (13.8) 10 66.2 (12.1) NS
 SF-12 mental score 136 59.3 (15.1) 47 67.6 (7.4) 50 62.1 (12.4) 22 42.2 (13.8) 7 65.6 (12.0) 10 38.8 (12.5) < 0.0001
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation; NS non significant