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Table 4 Factors affecting fertility desires of male and female clients. (where applicable, the number of participants who were attending antenatal clinic (ANC) services and therefore pregnant, but whose responses are included in the data, is noted)

From: Fertility desires of people living with HIV: does the implementation of a sexual and reproductive health and HIV integration model change healthcare providers’ attitudes and clients’ desires?

Factors affecting fertility desires Baseline Endline Change over time
Want more children, n = 16 (%) Do not want more children, n = 60 (%) Want more children, n = 54 (%) Do not want more children, n = 79 (%) Want more children, p value** Do not want more children, p value**
Been told not to have them 1 (6.3) 4 (6.7) 1 (1.9) 0 .407 .032*
Worried that child may get sick/die 2 (12.5) 25 (41.7) (5 attending ANC) 14 (25.9) (6 attending ANC) 24 (30.4) (3 attending ANC) .329 .158
Worried about own health 4 (25.0) (2 attending ANC) 19 (31.7) (5 attending ANC) 9 (16.7) (4 attending ANC) 9 (11.4) (1 attending ANC) .476 .005*
Waiting for viral load to decrease 1 (6.3) N/Aa 8 (14.8) (4 attending ANC) N/Aa .673 N/A
Knowledge of status hasn’t changed anything 2 (12.5) (1 attending ANC) 0 14 (25.9) (4 attending ANC) 28 (35.4) (2 attending ANC) .329 .000*
Still getting advice on best time to fall pregnant 5 (31.3) (2 attending ANC) N/Ab 11 (20.4) (6 attending ANC) 2 (2.5)b .498 .507
Have child/ren already N/Ac 6 (10.0) (1 attending ANC) 1 (1.9) (this 1 also attending ANC) 11 (13.9) 1.00 .606
  1. aQuestion was not asked of HIV positive women who did not want more children at baseline or endline
  2. bQuestion was not asked of HIV positive women who did not want more children at baseline, but was asked at endline
  3. cQuestion was not asked of HIV positive women who wanted more children at baseline, but was asked at endline
  4. *where p < 0.05 is significant
  5. **Fisher’s Exact test of association