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Table 4 Adjusted Odds of Having Sought Care from PCP before ED

From: Pediatric non-urgent emergency department visits and prior care-seeking at primary care

Sociodemographic Factors Model Aa Model B Model C
N 140 140 140
Likelihood Ratio Test (P-Value) Reference .18 <.001*
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)  
Respondent Demographics
Insurance Status
  Commercial/Employer Based Reference Reference Reference
  Medicaid or CHIP .56 (.21, 1.48) .66 (.24, 1.84) .44 (.09, 2.15)
  No insurance/Other/Missing .77 (.18, 3.34) 1.04 (.22, 4.94) .64 (.09, 4.60)
Race
  White Reference Reference Reference
  African-American .29 (.11, .74)* .32 (.11, .88)* .43 (.14, 1.31)
  Asian/Native American/Other .99 (.26, 3.76) 1.07 (.28, 4.13) 2.76 (.48, 15.73)
  Prefer Not to Say/Missing .19 (.05, .80)* .23 (.05, 1.01) .25 (.05, 1.27)
Education
  Completed College/Post-college Reference Reference Reference
  Some College .76 (.29, 1.9) .73 (.27, 1.98) .50 (.16, 1.59)
  High School/GED or Less .32 (.11, .90)* .30 (.10, .88)* .34 (.10, 1.08)
Respondent PCP Perception
Subscales
  Access   1.01 (.98, 1.03)  
  Contextual Knowledge   1.02 (.99, 1.04)  
  Coordination   1.00 (.98, 1.02)  
Respondent Preferences
Travel Choice
  ED Better    .64 (.13, 3.19)
  Neutral    Reference
  PCP Better    3.46 (1.34, 8.92)*
Wait Time Choice
  ED Better    0.19 (.03, 1.13)
  Neutral    Reference
  PCP Better    2.86 (1.11, 7.34)*
Payment Choice
  ED Better    (No observations)
  Neutral    Reference
  PCP Better    .70 (.14, 3.58)
  1. *Statistically significant difference (α = .05)
  2. Model A: Sought care from PCP prior to ED = Insurance Status + Race + Education
  3. Model B: Sought care from PCP prior to ED = Insurance Status + Race + Education + P3C Access Subscore + P3C Contextual Knowledge Subscore + P3C Coordination of Care Subscore
  4. Model C: Sought care from PCP prior to ED = Insurance Status + Race + Education + Relative Assessment of Travel Time + Relative Assessment of Wait Time + Relative Assessment of Payment/Cost