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Table 4 Factors affecting patient experience for rural and urban residents in the unmatched cohort

From: Rural and urban differences in patient experience in China: a coarsened exact matching study from the perspective of residents

Variables Rural Urban
Coef.a ORb Coef.a ORb
95%CI 95%CI 95%CI 95%CI
Age, years (Ref: ≤45)
 46–60 1.487 1.192 1.231 1.115
(− 0.054–3.028) (0.998–1.424) (− 0.085–2.547) (0.965–1.288)
  > 60 2.029* 1.119 2.314** 1.229**
(0.338–3.719) (0.915–1.369) (0.919–3.710) (1.052–1.437)
Gender (Ref: Male)
 Female 1.292* 1.130 0.257 1.040
(0.064–2.519) (0.975–1.310) (− 0.770–1.283) (0.927–1.167)
Education status (Ref: Primary school and below)
 Junior and senior school − 0.331 0.894 − 1.099 0.841*
(−1.694–1.033) (0.760–1.053) (− 2.530–0.332) (0.715–0.989)
 College degree and above −0.428 0.918 −1.355 0.763**
(−3.318–2.463) (0.652–1.292) (−3.140–0.430) (0.625–0.931)
Marital status (Ref: Unmarried/Divorced/Widowed/Cohabiting)
 Married −0.484 1.003 −0.664 0.938
(−1.982–1.014) (0.838–1.200) (−1.850–0.523) (0.821–1.072)
 Social status 1.158*** 1.145*** 0.955*** 1.101***
(0.756–1.561) (1.090–1.204) (0.573–1.337) (1.056–1.148)
Region (Ref: Eastern)
 Middle 0.0198 1.103 2.847*** 1.481***
(−1.565–1.605) (0.914–1.330) (1.620–4.075) (1.291–1.698)
 Western 2.098* 1.276* 3.947*** 1.570***
(0.464–3.732) (1.044–1.560) (2.559–5.335) (1.331–1.852)
Personal income (Ref: Poorest)
 2nd 1.748 1.168 − 0.466 0.956
(−0.045–3.541) (0.942–1.449) (− 2.089–1.156) (0.794–1.151)
 Middle 0.350 1.039 −1.447 0.795*
(−1.509–2.209) (0.836–1.291) (−3.086–0.193) (0.660–0.957)
 4st 0.807 1.056 −0.158 1.016
(−1.175–2.788) (0.834–1.338) (−1.841–1.526) (0.842–1.225)
 Richest 0.202 1.014 −2.129* 0.803*
(−1.831–2.235) (0.797–1.289) (−3.996 - -0.261) (0.650–0.992)
Family economic status (Ref: Lower than average)
 Average 0.341 0.974 1.908** 1.187*
(−0.962–1.643) (0.832–1.141) (0.699–3.116) (1.039–1.358)
 Higher than average −0.435 0.867 2.990** 1.371**
(−2.820–1.950) (0.644–1.166) (0.959–5.021) (1.090–1.723)
Medical insurance (Ref: No)
 Yes 1.892 1.158 0.869 1.107
(−0.611–4.395) (0.871–1.539) (−1.058–2.795) (0.893–1.373)
Evaluation on adequacy of healthcare resource (Ref: Inadequate)
 Fair 2.963** 1.441*** 3.178*** 1.497***
(1.062–4.864) (1.160–1.791) (1.581–4.775) (1.260–1.779)
 Adequate 7.018*** 2.163*** 7.116*** 2.345***
(5.045–8.992) (1.719–2.721) (5.357–8.875) (1.922–2.861)
Evaluation on distribution of healthcare resource (Ref: Unbalanced)
 Fair 2.410** 1.157 1.672* 1.133
(0.619–4.202) (0.942–1.422) (0.202–3.142) (0.964–1.331)
 Balanced 4.464*** 1.658*** 3.201*** 1.594***
(2.471–6.456) (1.312–2.096) (1.428–4.975) (1.313–1.935)
Evaluation on accessibility of healthcare resource (Ref: Inconvenient)
 Fair 0.491 1.129 3.497*** 1.331***
(−1.411–2.392) (0.921–1.384) (1.958–5.035) (1.125–1.573)
 Convenient 2.995** 1.525*** 5.783*** 1.719***
(0.963–5.026) (1.217–1.911) (4.188–7.377) (1.440–2.053)
Self-rated health status (Ref: Unhealthy)
 Fair 2.121* 1.231 1.780 1.114
(0.370–3.873) (0.998–1.520) (−0.164–3.725) (0.902–1.376)
 Healthy 2.287** 1.217* 3.243*** 1.313**
(0.729–3.845) (1.008–1.469) (1.423–5.063) (1.076–1.601)
  1. Note: Coef. means Coefficient. OR means Odds Ratio. 95% CI means 95% Confidence Interval
  2. Sample weights are considered
  3. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  4. a Ordinary least-squares regression
  5. b Ordered logistic regression