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Table 1 Sample characteristics (n = 100)

From: Determinants of health care use among homeless individuals: evidence from the Hamburg survey of homeless individuals

Independent variables Mean (SD) / n (%)
Gender
 Male 80 (80.0%)
 Female 20 (20.0%)
Age 44.8 (12.5)
Family status
 Single 67 (67.0%)
 Widowed/Divorced/Married, living separated from spouse 33 (33.0%)
Education
 Primary education 34 (34.0%)
 Secondary/tertiary education 66 (66.0%)
Country of origin
 Germany 52 (52.0%)
 Neighboring country 23 (23.0%)
 Other European country 25 (25.0%)
Alcohol consume
 Absence of chronic alcohol consume (CDT ≤ 2.5) 63 (63.0%)
 Presence of chronic alcohol consume (CDT > 2.5) 37 (37.0%)
Health insurance
 Yes, having health insurance 69 (69.0%)
 No, not having health insurance 31 (31.0%)
Fear of COVID-19 (from 1 = not at all to 4 = severely) 1.8 (1.0)
Health-related quality of life (EQ VAS, ranging from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)) 75.5 (21.0)
Number of physician visits within 3 months 3.5 (10.2)
Hospitalization within 3 months
 No hospital visits 58 (58.0%)
 At least one hospital visit 42 (42.0%)