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Table 2 Subgroup analysis between GPs practising in regions with high and low vaccination rates

From: Regional differences in general practitioners’ behaviours regarding influenza vaccination: a cross-sectional study

Category Items Mean
Highb
Mean
Lowc
p-value
GPs’ attitudes How do you assess your attitude towards vaccinations in general?a 4.83 4.70 0.004
How do you assess your attitude towards influenza vaccination?a 4.66 4.37 0.001
   Agree%
(N)
Neutral%
(N)
Disagree%
(N)
p-value
The influenza vaccination only benefits the pharmaceutical industry. High 0.4 (1) 8.9 (21) 90.6 (213) 0.002
Low 2.4 (5) 18.4 (38) 79.1 (163)
GPs’behaviour    Yes%
(N)
Maybe%
(N)
No%
(N)
p-value
Will you get vaccinated against influenza next season? High 87.6 (205) 7.7 (18) 4.7 (11) 0.024
Low 77.9 (162) 13.0 (27) 9.1 (19)
    Yes%
(N)
No%
(N)
p-value
Is your personal vaccination status complete? High   96.6 (226) 3.4 (8) 0.020
Low   91.3 (190) 8.7 (18)
I have never been vaccinated against influenza. High   1.7 (4) 98.3 (227) 0.001
Low   8.8 (18) 91.2 (187)
Do you recommend the influenza vaccination to your employees? High   98.7 (231) 1.3 (3) < 0.001
Low   91.2 (187) 8.8 (18)
    Yes%
(N)
Partly/partly%
(N)
No%
(N)
p-value
External influences I perceive financial reimbursement from vaccinations as adequate. High 34.5 (79) 45.9 (105) 19.7 (45) 0.014
Low 28.4 (58) 39.7 (81) 31.9 (65)
   Increasing%
(N)
No influence%
(N)
Decreasing
(N)
p-value
Influence of vaccine shortage on GP’s own vaccination rates High 7.5 (17) 59.2 (135) 33.3 (76) 0.008
Low 4.0 (8) 48.5 (97) 47.5 (95)
Influence of year-dependent changing effectiveness of the influenza vaccine on GP’s own vaccination rates High 6.6 (15) 81.9 (185) 11.5 (26) 0.003
Low 4.6 (9) 71.3 (139) 24.1 (47)
Influence of reminder system use on GP’s own vaccination rates High 44.6 (87) 54.9 (107) 0.5 (1) 0.027
Low 31.3 (55) 67.6 (119) 1.1 (2)
    Yes%
(N)
No%
(N)
p-value
I renounce a vaccination recommendation to (part of) my patients due to missing financial incentives. High   1.7 (4) 98.3 (227) 0.040
Low   5.3 (11) 94.7 (196)
Patients reject a recommended vaccination on the ground that another physician has already vaccinated them. High   52.6 (123) 47.4 (111) < 0.001
Low   30.6 (63) 69.4 (143)
My GP had a big influence on my first influenza vaccination. High   12.7 (29) 87.3 (200) 0.016
Low   21.4 (42) 78.6 (154)
Information resources I gather information on vaccinations through medical colleagues. High   26.4 (62) 73.6 (173) 0.008
Low   15.9 (33) 84.1 (174)
I gather information on vaccinations through scientific sales representatives. High   51.1 (120) 48.9 (115) 0.021
Low   40.1 (83) 59.9 (124)
I gather information on vaccinations through continuing medical education/congresses. High   85.1 (200) 14.9 (35) 0.014
Low   75.8 (157) 24.2 (50)
I gather information on vaccinations through public media (radio, TV, websites without review). High   3.0 (7) 97.0 (228) 0.025
Low   7.7 (16) 92.3 (191)
     Yes%
(N)
Partly/partly%
(N)
No%
(N)
p-value
Employees’ vaccination status Were your employees vaccinated against influenza past season? High 47.2 (119) 48.1 (112) 4.7 (11) 0.007
Low 38.8 (80) 48.5 (100) 12.6 (26)
Have your employees been vaccinated against influenza in the past five years? High 38.8 (90) 57.8 (134) 3.4 (8) 0.014
Low 31.5 (64) 58.6 (119) 9.9 (20)
  1. aassessed on a five-point Likert scale (1 = “very negative”, 5 = “very positive”)
  2. bGPs practising in regions with high vaccination rates
  3. cGPs practising in regions with low vaccination rates