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Table 3 Average annualized expenditure (PKR) for outpatient and inpatient by sector of care

From: Health services utilization and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures in public and private facilities in Pakistan: an empirical analysis of the 2013–14 OOP health expenditure survey

  Outpatient p-value Inpatient p-value
Public sector (n = 1043) Private sector (n = 5728) Public sector (n = 378) Private sector (n = 821)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Medical
 Parchi and admission fee 43.81 (149.84) 61.92 (639.60) 0.07 63.24 (674.90) 889.00 (2311.63) < 0.001
 Medicine/ vaccine 7877.19 (26,167.09) 5399.12 (10,427.44) 0.11 3438.94 (61,366.47) 7114.99 (16,515.53) 0.51
 Supplies/ medical durables 300.56 (1520.27) 550.12 (5556.40) 0.04 4065.80 (60,948.26) 1213.20 (5583.05) 0.40
 Diagnostic tests 1008.59 (3721.70) 1059.85 (3823.73) 0.73 2182.43 (7616.12) 1610.13 (4441.35) 0.22
 Doctors’ fee 28.72 (407.31) 2109.64 (3555.00) < 0.001 580.78 (6302.82) 3646.50 (5290.76) < 0.001
 Operation theater/ intervention room charges N/A 44.97 (1318.50)   883.46 (5960.55) 3294.18 (14,471.24) < 0.001
Non-medical
 Food 162.35 (1045.61) 164.30 (624.13) 0.96 587.86 (1231.55) 608.03 (1142.96) 0.82
 Tips 5.57 (144.49) 3.89 (87.66) 0.72 34.99 (159.76) 73.56 (292.25) 0.01
 Transportation 863.50 (2072.86) 829.05 (2651.37) 0.69 1000.15 (3142.08) 831.80 (1258.59) 0.39
 Accompanying person costs 97.73 (669.64) 52.88 (462.90) 0.27 747.29 (3101.04) 559.51 (1560.77) 0.35
 Other 52.55 (373.22) 119.55 (553.66) < 0.001 95.03 (252.56) 76.19 (229.09) 0.22
Total 10,440.56 (29,456.01) 10,395.29 (18,248.51) 0.98 19,694.94 (135,422.50) 19,917.08 (34,109.45) 0.98
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