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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of overall study sample

From: Estimation and determinants of direct medical costs of ischaemic heart disease, stroke and hypertensive heart disease: evidence from two major hospitals in Cameroon

Characteristics IHD
(n = 92, 10.8%)
I-stroke
(n = 317, 37.3%)
H-stroke
(n = 193, 22.7%)
HHD
(n = 248, 29.2%)
Total
(n = 850)
p-value
Socio-demographic
Age, years, mean ± SD
(min – max)
57.7 ± 12.2 (32–85) 65.1 ± 12.8 (31–95) 58.8 ± 12.9 (26–95) 61.9 ± 13.5 (26–92) 61.8 ± 13.3 (26–95) 0.001*
Sex, male 55 (59.8) 152 (47.9) 99 (51.3) 126 (50.8) 432 (50.8) 0.259
Marital status       < 0.001
  Single 4 (10.3) 14 (5.1) 12 (7.5) 12 (9.4) 42 (7.0)
  Married 21 (53.8) 188 (69.1) 117 (73.6) 92 (71.9) 418 (69.9)
  Divorced 6 (15.4) 4 (1.5) 3 (1.9) 10 (7.8) 23 (3.8)
  Widow (er) 8 (20.5) 66 (24.3) 27 (17.0) 14 (10.9) 115 (19.2)
Level of Education       < 0.001
  None/Primary 5 (12.5) 32 (25.6) 19 (20.0) 21 (16.7) 77 (20.0)
  Secondary 15 (37.5) 47 (37.6) 38 (40.0) 52 (41.3) 152 (39.4)
  High school 11 (27.5) 5 (4.0) 8 (8.4) 24 (19.0) 48 (12.4)
  University 9 (22.5) 41 (32.8) 30 (31.6) 29 (23.0) 109 (28.2)
Study hospital       < 0.001
  DGH 40 (43.5) 272 (85.8) 159 (82.4) 128 (51.6) 599 (70.5)
  SCC 52 (56.5) 45 (14.2) 34 (17.6) 120 (48.4) 251 (29.5)
Clinical/risk factors
Hypertension 65 (70.7) 246 (77.6) 175 (90.7) 248 (100) 734 (86.2) < 0.001
Diabetes 17 (20.5) 99 (31.2) 48 (24.9) 48 (21.1) 212 (25.8) 0.031
Smoking 5 (6.2) 38 (12.0) 23 (11.9) 15 (7.0) 81 (10.1) < 0.001
Dyslipidaemia 4 (4.4) 25 (7.9) 7 (3.6) 10 (4.9) 46 (5.7) 0.113
Atrial fibrillation 2 (2.5) 43 (13.6) 6 (3.1) 24 (11.0) 75 (9.3) 0.001
Past history of CVD 34 (40.0) 93 (29.3) 46 (23.8) 107 (46.3) 280 (33.9) < 0.001
Family history of CVD 7 (8.0) 106 (33.4) 54 (28.0) 33 (14.0) 200 (24.0) < 0.001
Physical inactivity 16 (17.8) 155 (48.9) 75 (38.9) 84 (34.3) 330 (39.1) 0.001
Overweight/obesity 11 (13.4) 109 (34.4) 47 (24.4) 38 (16.7) 205 (25.0) 0.001
Length of hospital stay       < 0.001#
  Mean ± SD 5.0 ± 3.3 10.3 ± 9.7 13.4 ± 11.7 6.6 ± 4.4 9.2 ± 8.9
  Median (25th – 75th %) 5 (3–6) 8.0 (5–12) 12 (6–17) 6 (4–8) 7 (4–12)
  1. CVD Cardiovascular disease, IHD Ischaemic heart disease, I-stroke Ischaemic stroke, H-stroke Haemorrhagic stroke, HHD Hypertensive heart disease, DGH Douala General Hospital, SCC Shisong Cardiac Centre, SD Standard deviation, min Minimum, max Maximum, *Differences in post hoc analysis were all significant except for IHD vs. H-Stroke, IHD vs. HHD and H-stroke vs. HHD that were not significant, #Differences between groups in post hoc analysis were all significant except for IHD vs. HHD with no difference
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