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Table 2 Socio-demographic, clinical and treatment factors associated with type(s) of intervention received among adults population who received any help for mental health problems over the past 12 months (N = 1101)

From: Service demand for psychological interventions among Australian adults: a population perspective

Predictor variableb Model 1a Model 2a
PIo PI+ PIo PI+
Age
 16–24 1.2 (0.5–3.3) 1.0 (0.4–2.3) 1.3 (0.5–3.6) 1.1 (0.5–2.5)
 25–34 0.9 (0.4–2.2) 1.9 (0.9–3.9) 1.1 (0.5–2.8) 2.3 (1.2–4.6)
 35–44 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 45–54 0.9 (0.4–2.4) 1.6 (0.8–3.2) 0.8 (0.3–2.1) 1.6 (0.7–3.3)
 55+ 0.7 (0.3–1.7) 1.2 (0.6–2.4) 0.9 (0.3–2.5) 1.9 (0.8–4.4)
Highest educational attainment
 Completed grade 10 or below 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Completed grade 11 or 12 2.5 (1.2–5.0)* 1.4 (0.7–3.1) 2.3 (1.1–5.1)* 1.5 (0.6–3.8)
 Completed higher education (tertiary education) 3.1 (1.6–6.0)* 1.5 (0.9–2.6) 2.7 (1.3–5.5)* 1.4 (0.7–2.5)
Labour force status
 Employed 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Unemployed 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 0.9 (0.5–1.5) 0.6 (0.2–1.4) 0.6 (0.3–1.3)
Marital status
 Never married 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Married 1.1 (0.4–3.1) 0.7 (0.3–1.5) 1.1 (0.4–3.2) 0.7 (0.3–1.4)
 Separated/widowed/divorced 0.8 (0.3–2.0) 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 0.9 (0.3–2.6) 0.8 (0.3–1.9)
Index of disadvantage (quintiles)
 1 (most disadvantaged) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 2 0.8 (0.3–2.0) 2.1 (1.1–4.0)* 0.7 (0.3–1.9) 1.8 (0.9–3.6)
 3 0.8 (0.3–1.7) 1.3 (0.7–2.7) 0.6 (0.2–1.7) 1.1 (0.5–2.6)
 4 1.3 (0.5–3.7) 1.8 (0.8–3.7) 1.0 (0.4–2.8) 1.4 (0.6–3.2)
 5 (least disadvantaged) 0.9 (0.4–2.4) 1.7 (0.9–3.3) 0.7 (0.2–2.1) 1.3 (0.7–2.7)
Financial problems over past 12 months
 No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Yes 0.8 (0.4–1.8) 1.3 (0.8–2.0) 0.8 (0.3–1.9) 1.3 (0.8–2.2)
12-month affective disorder
 No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Yes 0.8 (0.5–1.4) 2.0 (1.2–3.1)* 0.9 (0.5–1.6) 2.0 (1.2–3.5)*
12-month anxiety disorder
 No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Yes 1.5 (0.9–2.4) 1.5 (1.0–2.4)* 1.2 (0.7–2.3) 1.2 (0.7–2.1)*
12-month substance use disorder
 No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Yes 1.7 (0.5–6.0) 1.4 (0.6–3.5) 1.5 (0.4–6.3) 1.2 (0.3–4.6)
WHODAS score 0.98 (0.95–1.00) 0.98 (0.97–0.99) 0.97 (0.96–0.99) 0.98 (0.96–0.99)
Professionals consulted for mental health in past year
 GP only 1.0 1.0
 Mental health specialists 25.2 (11.7–54.4)* 21.0 (11.6–38.2)*
 Other health professionals    12.7 (4.4–37.1)* 5.8 (2.2–15.2)*
  1. Model 1: ‘professionals consulted’ variable not included; Model 2: ‘professionals consulted’ variable included
  2. PIo Psychological interventions only; PI+ Psychological plus other interventions
  3. N Unweighted number, denominator for this analysis
  4. a Reference category: Other interventions only (OIo)
  5. b Sex, urbanicity, 12-month physical condition, and ICD disorder severity did not meet the threshold for inclusion in the model or were excluded due to issues of collinearity