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Table 1 Characteristics of caregivers and non-caregivers

From: A national survey of caregiver’s own experiences and perceptions of U.S. health care system when addressing their health and caring for an older adult

   Caregiver Non-Caregiver p-value
   (n = 1379) (n = 1638)  
Age (mean, standard deviation)   57.0 (13.5) 50.3 (14.3) <.001
% Female   59.5% 46.1% <.001
Ethnicity     .030
 Non-Hispanic White   68.8% 65.5%  
 Black   11.6% 10.9%  
 Hispanic   12.1% 15.8%  
 Other   7.5% 7.8%  
Education     .003
 No high school diploma   11.5% 10.3%  
 High school graduate   31.0% 27.8%  
 Some college   25.4% 23.3%  
 Bachelor’s degree or above   32.1% 38.6%  
Employment status     <.001
 Working   48.2% 61.4%  
 Retired   29.9% 17.8%  
 Not working   21.9% 20.8%  
Live in metropolitan area 85.0% 88.9% .002
Home ownership   73.5% 69.4% .034
Married or living with a partner 57.3% 64.1% <.001
Children < 18 living in the household 23.6% 38.3% <.001
Medicaid Insurance   17.8% 16.0% .105
# Chronic Conditions     <.001
 0   25.7% 42.3%  
 1   27.9% 26.9%  
 2   22.1& 16.7%  
 3–4   20.6% 11.7%  
 5 or more   3.9% 2.36%  
Have health conditions/physical disabilities that impact daily life/limit activities 34.9% 24.5% <.001