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Table 3 Summary of study objectives, methods and data analysis procedures

From: Impact of mhealth messages and environmental cues on hand hygiene practice among healthcare workers in the greater Kampala metropolitan area, Uganda: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial

Objectives Study population Data collection methods Indicators Data analysis
Explore the facilitators for enhancing healthcare workers’ hand hygiene practices in HCFs in the GKMA. Healthcare workers in selected HCFs and district leaders. Key informant interviews Facilitators of Hand hygiene among HCWs i. Thematic content analysis
Semi-structured interviews Facilitators of Hand hygiene among HCWs i. Thematic content analysis
ii. Descriptive statistics
Healthcare facilities Observations Facilitators of Hand hygiene among HCWs i. Descriptive statistics
Explore the barriers for enhancing healthcare workers’ hand hygiene practices in HCFs in the GKMA. Healthcare workers in selected HCFs. Key informant interviews Barriers of Hand hygiene among HCWs i. Thematic content analysis
Semi-structured interviews Barriers of Hand hygiene among HCWs i. Thematic content analysis
ii. Descriptive statistics
Healthcare facilities Observations Barriers of Hand hygiene among HCWs i. Descriptive statistics
Determine the impact of mobile phone WASH messages and environmental cues on hand hygiene practice among health workers in HCFs in the GKMA. Healthcare workers in selected HCFs. i. Observations of healthcare workers
ii. Laboratory analysis of hand rinsates for E.coli
i. Percentage change (increase or decrease) in the used hand hygiene opportunities
ii. Percentage change (increase or decrease) in the number of E.coli colonies/100 ml of samples of hand rinsates
i. Use of statistical tests
- McNemar test
- Paired t-test
- GEE Logistic regression