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Table 2 Average Expenditure (Direct cost of treatment) per childbirth (ANC, delivery and PNC); and Catastrophic Expenditure by background characteristics of respondents

From: Analysing the expenditure on childbearing: a community-based cross-sectional study in rural areas of Punjab (India)

Background Characteristics ANC expenditure (Rs.) Delivery Expenditure (Rs.) PNC Expenditure (Rs.) Total Expenditure (Rs.) Catastrophic Maternal Expenditure (%)
Age Groups
 Less than 20 2297.22 (US $33.29)* (SD 3617.95) 3969.44 (US $57.53) (SD 7254.80) 61.11 (US $0.89) (SD 181.14) 6327.78 (US $91.71) (SD 9892.63) 16.7
 20 to 30 4184.16 (US $60.64) (SD 7963.33) 7185.14 (US $104.14) (SD 13587.74) 450.21 (US $6.52) (SD 1165.57) 11,820.01 (US $171.30) (SD 17819.39) 22.6
 30 and above 6236.46 (US $90.38) (SD 10684.80) 13,659.90 (US $197.97) (SD 16106.01) 611.46 (US $8.86) (SD 1669.54) 20,507.81 (US $297.21) (SD 23870.69) 43.8
Education
 Nil 2002.75 (US $29.02) (SD 4954.36) 2423.38 (US $35.12) (SD 6753.14) 139.44 (US $2.02) (SD 676.44) 4565.56 (US $66.17) (SD 11725.17) 11.3
 Up to Primary 2307.03 (US $33.44) (SD 336.98) 3396.02 (US $49.22) (SD 6558.87) 150.78 (US $2.19) (SD 425.99) 5853.83 (US $84.84) (SD 8456.74) 15.6
 Up to Secondary 3756.99 (US $54.45) (SD 8041.34) 7665.89 (US $111.10) (SD 15952.47) 429.91 (US $6.23) (SD 1065.17) 11,852.80 (US $171.78) (SD 18410.35) 23.2
 Senior Secondary and above 7701.28 (US $111.61) (SD 10578.15) 13,618.72 (US $197.37) (SD 14576.52) 838.03 (US $12.15) (SD 1741.75) 22,158.03 (US $321.13) (SD 21863.13) 40.2
Birth Parity
 Less than 2 4631.88 (US $63.22) (SD 8601.45) 8713.79 (US $126.29) (SD 16179.48) 489.39 (US $7.09) (SD 1261.17) 13,835.06 (US $200.51) (SD 20153.67) 24.8
 2 to 4 4488.81 (US $65.06) (SD 8335.93) 7581.85 (US $109.88) (SD 12440.55) 477.20 (US $6.92) (SD 1241.39) 12,547.86 (US $181.85) (SD 18094.62) 26.0
 More than 4 1387.50 (US $20.11) (SD 2185.84) 3993.21 (US $57.87) (SD 8262.31) 26.79 (US $0.39) (SD 141.74) 5407.50 (US $78.37) (SD 8922.82) 14.3
Wealth Quintiles
 First 2201.85 (US $31.91) (SD 6143.55) 2947.68 (US $42.72) (SD 7173.11) 172.62 (US $2.50) (SD 653.51) 5322.14 (US $77.13) (SD 11982.22) 21.4
 Second 2084.94 (US $30.22) (SD 2798.56) 6239.29 (US $90.38) (SD 18601.39) 464.88 (US $6.74) (SD 1246.27) 8789.11 (US $127.38) (SD 19425.96) 21.4
 Third 2817.06 (US $40.83) (SD 4342.01) 7982.06 (US $115.68) (SD 12479.56) 266.18 (US $3.86) (SD 644.17) 11,065.29 (US $160.37) (SD 14499.28) 22.6
 Fourth 5414.05 (US $78.46) (SD 9098.96) 7241.85 (US $104.95) (SD 10424.165) 449.40 (US $6.51) (SD 1054.18) 13,105.30 (US $189.93) (SD 15332.08) 24.1
 Fifth 9250.00 (US $134.06) (SD 12535.64) 14,604.46 (US $211.66) (SD 15286.30) 914.46 (US $13.25) (SD 1901.21) 24,768.92 (US $358.97) (SD 23650.95) 34.1
Average 4338.26 (US $62.87) (SD 8208.20) 7787.30 (US $112.86) (SD 13844.17) 451.96 (US $6.55) (SD 1211.63) 12,577.52 (US $182.28) (SD 18567.94) 24.8
  1. *US $1 was approximately Rs. 69 in 2018
  2. Source: Primary Data