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Table 5 Descriptive results of public primary health facilities by settings (urban and rural) (N = 5072) up to December 2015

From: Development and upgrading of public primary healthcare facilities with essential surgical services infrastructure: a strategy towards achieving universal health coverage in Tanzania

VariableDescriptionRural, n (%)Urban, n(%)Total (%)Chi-squareP-value
HF levelDispensary4091(90)463(87.4)4554 (90)5.390.015
Health Centre451(10)67(12.6)518 (10)  
Distance from the nearest facilities (kms)< 51095(24)365(72)1369 (27)242.63< 0.0001
5–102190(48)112(22)2159 (42.5)  
11–20867(19)15(3)857 (16.9)  
> 20411(9)15(3)685 (13.5)  
Years of operation< 5548(12)39(7.7)507 (10)2.390.124
5–10821(18)96(18.9)811 (16)  
> 103194(70)373(73.4)3752 (74)  
Training Status< 50%1679(51.8)103(28.1)2282 (45)72.23< 0.0001
50%+1563(48.2)264(71.9)2790 (55)  
Functionality of Health CentersHCs with CEMONC services70 (15.5)45(67.2)115 (22.2)  
HCS without CEMONC services381(84.5)22(32.8)403 (77.8)  
Physical Status
Water availableYes1456(31.9)175(34.5)16730.9830.161
No3107(68.1)332(65.5)3397  
Electrical power availableYes1939(42.5)197(38.8)21291.9430.09
No2624(57.5)310(61.2)2941  
Phone availabilityYes196(4.3)62(12.2)1775 (55)45.41< 0.0001
No4367(95.7)445(87.8)3295 (65)  
Medical waste management
Incinerator availableYes903(19.8)134(26.4)1034 (20.4)9.530.002
No3660(80.2)373(73.6)4036 (79.6)  
Placenta Pit availableYes1561(34.2)132(33.4)1693 (33.4)10.410.001
No3002(65.8)375(73.9)3377 (66.6)  
Waste bin availabilityYes101(2.2)18(4.6)127(2.5)8.140.007
No4462 (97.8)376(95.4)4943 (97.5)  
Physical StatusA-B3578(78.4)412(81.2)4005 (78.9)0.5140.278
C-G986(21.6)95(18.8)1065 (21.1)  
  1. A = good
  2. B = minor renovation needed
  3. C = major renovation needed
  4. D = demolition and reconstruction
  5. E = under construction
  6. F = under renovation
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