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Table 2 Key concepts related to bridging aging and disability

From: A scoping review to characterize bridging tasks in the literature on aging with disability

 Concept (# of occasions /445)Definition
Prerequisites for bridgingKnowledge [10]Specific areas of knowledge that are required to develop policy or support service delivery/enhancement for individuals aging with disability.
Frameworks, models, theories [6]Specific models and/or theories influencing beliefs regarding aging and/or disability, change processes, and/or service delivery/policy needs.
Funding models [20]Financial support that mandates or supports work involving aging and disability knowledge / teams / or targets issues and outcomes relevant to both groups or enables program delivery or evaluation.
Policy [12]Policy which mandates closer collaboration / joint planning across aging and disability.
Supportive culture [17]Culture of an organization (including attitudes, beliefs, values, actions) which in this case are supportive of innovation, collaboration, and change.
Bridging tasksLiaison [3]Communication or cooperation that facilitates a close working relationship between people or organizations.
Research and evaluation [17]Activities designed to produce new knowledge or make judgements about the merit, or significance of a subject, or to provide an assessment of need or of a problem to be addressed.
Monitoring/ surveillance [7]Ongoing, systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health-related data to support the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice.
Training [8]Teaching, enhancing or developing skills through context specific practice.
Mentoring [3]Relationship in which a more experienced or more knowledgeable person helps to guide a less experienced or less knowledgeable person.
Education [13]Providing structured information in a manner conducive to improving knowledge about matters related to health and/or functioning and/or service systems.
Adapting services, or systems, to make services accessible to individuals with disability [23]Adapting service model and/or removing barriers that prevent people accessing services, e.g. cultural, socioeconomic, physical barriers.
Establishing health (related) services [15]Providing health services and/or infrastructure where they were previously absent or inadequate to meet a specified population health need.
Advocacy [20]Mediating or arguing in the interest or on behalf of a person or group or population in relation to a particular matter.
Advising [5]Recommending a course of action in relation to changing or maintaining function, environments or behaviour.
Partnerships/collaboration (82)aWorking together and cooperating with the person/client, health providers, and other relevant stakeholders.
Planning [13]Planning future interventions and/or working with stakeholders to develop their goals and identify strategies for achieving those goals.
Awareness raising [7]Promoting messages on a health or related topic, on areas of overlap between aging and disability, unique or specific issues, and of gaps in knowledge, policy, practice.
Policy change [4]Developing new or modifying existing policies (could be at an organizational level or broader e.g., provincial or federal)
Policy development [11]A process that involves specifying core concepts, desired policy outcomes and current knowledge on the issues to be addressed.
Care coordination [29]Navigating and facilitating the access, management and cohesion of services and supports for the client.
Facilitation [37]aMaking the process easier, identify gaps, anticipate problems, help remove or negotiate barriers, and promote safe and effective connections to services and appropriate use of resources.
Individualized client planning [10]Working with the person to develop an individual proposal including setting client goals and priorities, and identifying actions, responsibilities and supports needed (services and resources) to achieve the goals.
Assessment [14]Evaluating the client’s health condition, functioning, environment, behaviour, situation or need for intervention.
Navigation [10]Finding the most appropriate pathway through systems, services, resources and supports for the client given their context.
Referral [10]The action of sending someone to see another person or place for consultation, review or further action, help or advice.
Training and skills development [39]aTeaching, enhancing or developing skills through context-specific practice, to clients or others in their circle of care.
  1. amost frequently discussed bridging tasks