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Table 8 Definition of variables

From: Does health insurance coverage reduce informal payments? Evidence from the “red envelopes” in China

Variables Description
Dependent variables
 Red envelopes Whether or not a red envelope payment was made in the most recent inpatient admission
Independent variables
 ins Involved in any health insurance? Yes = 1, No = 0
 SHI Involved in any social health insurance? Yes = 1, No = 0
 PHI Involved in any commercial health insurance? Yes = 1, No = 0
 UEBMI Involved in UEMI? Yes = 1, No = 0
 NCMS Involved in NCMS? Yes = 1, No = 0
 Tins Interaction between year and SHI coverage
controls
 gender Male = 1, female = 0
 age Age of the subjects
 married Married = 1, unmarried = 2, other = 3
 hukou Rural = 1, urban = 2, other = 3
 rural Live in rural or urban region. Rural = 1, urban = 0
 health status Health status
 household size Household size
 ln (income) Ln (individual annual income)
 ln (asset) Ln (household annual assets)
 work status Job categories
N Sample size
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