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Table 4 The association of overall recall/recognition scores for cancer symptoms with reporting barriers to seek medical advice for cancer

From: Perceived barriers to seeking cancer care in the Gaza Strip: a cross-sectional study

Type of barrier Barrier Overall recall score Overall recognition score
Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
p-value aAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p-value Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
p-value aAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p-value
Emotional Embarrassment (n= 2769) 0.89 (0.82–0.97) 0.008 0.90 (0.82–0.97) 0.010 1.01 (0.97–1.06) 0.53 1.02 (0.98–1.06) 0.39
Feeling scared (n= 2753) 1.06 (0.98–1.15) 0.16 1.05 (0.97–1.14) 0.26 0.97 (0.93–1.01) 0.19 0.98 (0.93–1.02) 0.26
Wouldn’t feel confident talking about symptom with doctor (n= 2652) 0.98 (0.90–1.07) 0.71 0.99 (0.92–1.09) 0.99 0.96 (0.92–1.00) 0.08 0.98 (0.94–1.02) 0.37
Feeling worried about what a doctor might find (n= 2657) 1.08 (0.99–1.17) 0.08 1.07 (0.98–1.17) 0.12 0.98 (0.94–1.03) 0.42 0.99 (0.95–1.04) 0.90
Service Feeling worried about wasting doctor’s time (n= 2673) 0.88 (0.79–0.97) 0.013 0.89 (0.80–0.98) 0.024 0.97 (0.92–1.03) 0.31 0.98 (0.93–1.03) 0.36
Difficulty talking to doctor (n= 2647) 0.90 (0.81–0.99) 0.03 0.91 (0.82–1.01) 0.07 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.79 0.99 (0.95–1.05) 0.93
Difficulty making an appointment with the doctor (n= 2667) 0.90 (0.83–0.99) 0.027 0.92 (0.84–1.01) 0.07 1.02 (0.98–1.07) 0.38 1.04 (0.99–1.09) 0.14
Practical Busy to go to the doctor (n= 2685) 0.92 (0.84–1.00) 0.06 0.93 (0.86–1.02) 0.13 1.01 (0.97–1.06) 0.62 1.03 (0.98–1.08) 0.23
Having other things to do (n= 2655) 0.93 (0.85–1.02) 0.12 0.94 (0.86–1.02) 0.15 1.03 (0.98–1.08) 0.22 1.04 (0.99–1.08) 0.14
Difficulty arranging transports to the doctor (n= 2676) 0.92 (0.84–1.00) 0.06 0.91 (0.83–0.99) 0.034 1.02 (0.98–1.07) 0.31 1.02 (0.98–1.07) 0.35
  1. n number of participants tested, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. Notes
  3. aAdjusted for age and gender.
  4. To overcome the non-linear relationships, the ‘I do not know’ category of each barrier was dropped for easier interpretation
  5. p-values in bold are less than 0.05