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Table 5 Multiple ordinal regression model for patient-reported admission helpfulness and nominal regression model for improvement during admission (n = 424)

From: Patient-controlled admission contracts: a longitudinal study of patient evaluations

Covariate Ordinal regression model for the admission helpfulness Nominal regression model for patient reported improvement during the admissiona
No, don’t feel better Yes, somewhat better Yes, a good deal better
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Age group
 20-29 0.61 (0.15; 2.43) 0.485 0.10 (0.01; 1.47) 0.093 0.72 (0.13; 4.16) 0.714 0.27 (0.05; 1.39) 0.117
 30-39 0.72 (0.22; 2.38) 0.591 0.91 (0.14; 5.89) 0.921 0.79 (0.18; 3.49) 0.758 0.31 (0.08; 1.21) 0.091
 40-49 0.77 (0.28; 2.12) 0.615 5.53 (1.10; 27.84) 0.038 1.57 (0.39; 6.27) 0.520 0.68 (0.19; 2.40) 0.551
 50-59 – ref 1   1   1   1  
 60+ 0.32 (0.07; 1.54) 0.157 5.19 (0.31; 86.77) 0.250 5.30 (0.63; 44.81) 0.125 0.13 (0.01; 1.96) 0.141
Sex, Male 1.04 (0.49; 2.22) 0.913 1.07 (0.35; 3.26) 0.904 1.94 (0.75; 5.04) 0.172 1.65 (0.69; 3.96) 0.260
Living alone, dichotomized – ref “yes” 1.21 (0.44; 3.34) 0.719 0.11 (0.02; 0.71) 0.021 0.33 (0.09; 1.15) 0.081 0.34 (0.10; 1.15) 0.083
Diagnosis group
 Other – ref 1   1   1   1  
 Schizophrenia 1.75 (0.69; 4.46) 0.243 0.15 (0.03; 0.69) 0.015 0.38 (0.11; 1.27) 0.115 0.98 (0.31; 3.08) 0.977
 Bipolar disorder 1.30 (0.43; 3.89) 0.643 0.13 (0.02; 0.90) 0.039 0.28 (0.07; 1.19) 0.084 0.85 (0.23; 3.10) 0.805
HoNOS mean score 0.79 (0.35; 1.80) 0.575 1.27 (0.38; 4.23) 0.694 0.60 (0.22; 1.64) 0.319 0.72 (0.29; 1.81) 0.484
Sum of municipal services 1.00 (0.66; 1.52) 0.996 1.56 (0.79; 3.07) 0.197 0.85 (0.48; 1.51) 0.581 0.87 (0.50; 1.50) 0.608
Other specialist mental health services, dichotomized – ref 1 or 2 1.75 (0.74; 4.16) 0.204 0.16 (0.04; 0.73) 0.018 0.33 (0.11; 0.98) 0.047 0.84 (0.30; 2.34) 0.745
Number of patient-controlled admissions 1.01 (0.95; 1.07) 0.695 1.01 (0.94; 1.09) 0.791 0.99 (0.92; 1.06) 0.738 0.97 (0.91; 1.04) 0.409
How much have you been with others during the stay
 I stayed for myself all of time 0.06 (0.02; 0.19) <0.001 31.11 (2.59; 373.49) 0.007 9.29 (1.27; 67.94) 0.029 0.40 (0.03; 6.00) 0.507
 I have been a little together with others 0.22 (0.11; 0.44) <0.001 27.03 (5.69; 128.46) <0.001 4.08 (1.44; 11.56) 0.009 1.85 (0.68; 5.08) 0.232
 Have been partly together with others 0.42 (0.23; 0.75) 0.004 5.26 (1.35; 20.49) 0.018 2.99 (1.26; 7.06) 0.014 1.84 (0.82; 4.12) 0.143
 Have been a lot together with others – ref 1   1   1   1  
Talks with ward personnel, dichotomized – ref ”yes” 0.76 (0.45; 1.34) 0.363 0.34 (0.09; 1.30) 0.116 0.70 (0.29; 1.67) 0.421 0.95 (0.41; 2.23) 0.913
Mean push-motivation for admission 2.46 (1.57; 3.85) <0.001 0.20 (0.07; 0.56) 0.002 0.33 (0.14; 0.78) 0.012 0.51 (0.21; 1.22) 0.131
Mean pull-motivation for admission 1.58 (1.10; 2.26) 0.014 0.38 (0.18; 0.89) 0.014 0.59 (0.34; 1.05) 0.073 0.75 (0.43; 1.31) 0.310
  1. ref Reference category
  2. aThe reference category for this outcome variable was “Yes, much better”