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Table 4 Sociodemographic and occupational characteristics associated with burnout and severe burnout

From: Prevalence and associated factors for burnout among attending general surgeons: a national cross-sectional survey

Surgeon characteristics Burnout
(n = 425, 69.1%)
Severe burnout
(n = 135, 22.0%)††
n (%) P n (%) P
Age, years   0.001   < 0.001
  < 40 135 (79.4%)   57 (33.5%)  
  ≥ 40 290 (65.2%)   78 (17.5%)  
Sex   0.012   0.079
 Female 59 (81.9%)   10 (13.9%)  
 Male 366 (67.4%)   125 (23.0%)  
Marital status   0.182   0.038
 Single 38 (77.6%)   5 (10.2%)  
 Married (or partnered) 387 (68.4%)   130 (23.0%)  
Children   0.004   0.753
 No 71 (82.6%)   20 (23.3%)  
 Yes 354 (66.9%)   115 (21.7%)  
Academic title   < 0.001   0.002
 Specialist 286 (75.1%)   98 (25.7%)  
 Assistant/Associate professor 93 (66.9%)   28 (20.1%)  
 Professor 46 (48.4%)   9 (9.5%)  
Workplace   < 0.001   < 0.001
 TRH 141 (82.5%)   59 (34.5%)  
 State hospital 100 (80.6%)   34 (27.4%)  
 University hospital 102 (65.8%)   25 (16.1%)  
 Private hospital 82 (49.7%)   17 (10.3%)  
Work hours per week   < 0.001   0.832
  < 60 251 (64.0%)   85 (21.7%)  
  ≥ 60 174 (78.0%)   50 (22.4%)  
Sleep duration, hours   0.003   0.061
  < 7 261 (73.9%)   87 (24.6%)  
  ≥ 7 164 (62.6%)   48 (18.3%)  
Comorbidity   0.565   0.276
 No 299 (68.4%)   101 (23.1%)  
 Yes 126 (70.8%)   34 (19.1%)  
Smoking status   0.140   0.403
 No 288 (67.3%)   90 (21.0%)  
 Yes 137 (73.3%)   45 (24.1%)  
Specific hobby   0.005   < 0.001
 No 218 (74.7%)   81 (27.7%)  
 Yes 207 (64.1%)   54 (16.7%)  
Social activity   < 0.001   < 0.001
 No 264 (83.3%)   99 (31.2%)  
 Yes 161 (54.0%)   36 (12.1%)  
  1. TRH training and research hospital
  2. Burnout was defined as a high score on the emotional exhaustion and/or depersonalization subscales
  3. †† Severe burnout was defined as high scores on the emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and a low score on personal accomplishment